44 Paintings, RELIGIOUS ART – Paintings and Stories of The Angels; Saint Michael, Archangel, and Chief Commander, with footnotes, #22

Spinello Aretino, 1345-52; died 1410
Saint Michael and Other Angels, c. 1408-10

Arezzo Fresco Fragments
Fresco (with areas of secco) transferred to canvas
116.2 x 170.2 cm
The National Gallery, London

This and other fragments in the Collection are from a large fresco of the ‘Fall of Lucifer’ which was painted for S. Michele Arcangelo in Arezzo, Italy. The scene shows Saint Michael and other angels fighting a war in heaven. The battle took place before God who was originally shown enthroned above, while Lucifer’s agents plunge to earth below. More on this fresco

Spinello Aretino, (born c. 1346, Commune of Arezzo — died March 14, 1410, Arezzo) late Gothic Italian painter noteworthy for his vigorous narrative sense. His style anticipates the realistic painting of the early Renaissance of the 15th century. Early in his career he came under the influence of Orcagna and Nardo di Cione, whose style shows in his first major work, a fresco cycle in San Francesco at Arezzo…

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Apollonio di GIOVANNI, The Virgin and Child between Saint Francis and Saint Michael01 Works, RELIGIOUS ART – Interpretation the bible, With Footnotes – 110

Apollonio di GIOVANNI, (Florence 1415 / 1417-1465)
The Virgin and Child between Saint Francis and Saint Michael, circa 1445-1450

Egg paint and gold on wood panel
47 x 35 cm – 18 1/2 X 13 3/4 IN.
Private collection

There remains a hint of the Gothic spirit of the Gothic in the dancing attitude of Saint Michael and the somewhat manicured gesture of his left hand, while the corpulence of the Virgin, that of the Child, the treatment in perspective of his halo testify to Apollonio’s sensitivity to the new Renaissance language. To these elements of style, are added the gestures and the expressive glances of the characters who create the animation of a true dialogue, giving to this work its liveliness. More on this work

Saint Francis of Assisi (1181/1182 – 3 October 1226), was an Italian Roman Catholic friar and preacher. He founded the men’s Order of Friars Minor, the women’s Order of Saint Clare, the Third Order of Saint Francis and the Custody of the Holy Land. Francis is one of the most venerated religious figures in history.

In 1219, he went to Egypt in an attempt to convert the Sultan to put an end to the conflict of the Crusades. By this point, the Franciscan Order had grown to such an extent that its primitive organizational structure was no longer sufficient. He returned to Italy to organize the Order. In 1224, he received the stigmata, during the apparition of Seraphic angels in a religious ecstasy making him the first recorded person to bear the wounds of Christ’s Passion. More on Saint Francis of Assisi

ARCHANGEL MICHAEL, is an archangel in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. In Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, and Lutheran traditions, he is called “Saint Michael the Archangel” and “Saint Michael”. In the Oriental Orthodox and Eastern Orthodox traditions, he is called “Taxiarch Archangel Michael” or simply “Archangel Michael”.

Michael is mentioned three times in the Book of Daniel, once as a “great prince who stands up for the children of your people”. The idea that Michael was the advocate of the Jews became so prevalent that, in spite of the rabbinical prohibition against appealing to angels as intermediaries between God and his people, Michael came to occupy a certain place in the Jewish liturgy.

In the New Testament Michael leads God’s armies against Satan’s forces in the Book of Revelation, where during the war in heaven he defeats Satan. In the Epistle of Jude Michael is specifically referred to as “the archangel Michael”. Christian sanctuaries to Michael appeared in the 4th century, when he was first seen as a healing angel, and then over time as a protector and the leader of the army of God against the forces of evil. By the 6th century, devotions to Archangel Michael were widespread both in the Eastern and Western Churches. Over time, teachings on Michael began to vary among Christian denominations. More Archangel Michael

Apollonio di Giovanni di Tomaso (1414 – 1465), was an Italian painter. He was born in Florence and is also known as the “Master of the Jarves Cassone”. Apollonio di Giovanni was recorded in Florence 1446 where he ran a workshop specialised in producing wedding chests known as cassoni and other such furniture. He died in 1465. He worked in partnership with the woodworker Marco del Buono Giamberti, whose son became Apollonio’s pupil and heir.

His style was directly inspired by the compositions of Fra Angelico and other Florentines like Fra Filippo Lippi , Paolo Veneziano , Paolo Uccello and Gentile da Fabriano . His late works date back 15 years before his death: the miniatures for the Bucoliche , the Georgiche and the Aeneid of Virgil ( Biblioteca Riccardiana , Florence), the faces of the chests with the scenes of the Aeneid , two chests of the Odissea (Chicago Art Institute, and Frick Collection at the Fogg Museum). More on Apollonio di Giovanni di Tomaso 

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