Elizabeth Elkin, Cafe in Montmartre 01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Part 61 – With Footnotes

 

Cafe in Montmartre (1)
Elizabeth Elkin, Canada
Cafe in Montmartre
Oil on Canvas.
24 W x 20 H x 0.8 in
Private collection

With its cobbled streets, stunning Basilica, artists, bistros … Montmartre is full of charm! Perched on the top of a small hill in the 18th arrondissement, the most famous Parisian district has lost none of its village atmosphere that appealed so much to the artists of the 19th and 20th centuries. A real melting pot of art and inspiration for the cinema, Montmartre still gives as much pleasure to those who stroll around it and figures high on the list for a stay in Paris. More on Montmartre

Elizabeth Elkin is a renowned professional artist with an international reputation and over thirty years of experience. The true innovation of her work lies in the power of her vibrant colors, her museum quality works of expressionist art. Elizabeth has exhibited her work both locally and internationally for many years. Her works have also been featured in several publications. In 2014 her work was published in the West of the City magazine and in 2002. Elizabeth has had a life-long dedication to visual arts. She is an elected member of the Society of Canadian Artists, Colour and Form Society and Ontario Society of Artists. Elizabeth’s paintings can be found in the collections of MBA Ottawa University, Government of Ontario Art Collection and 300+ private collections around the world. More on Elizabeth Elkin, You can also follow Elizabeth Elkin on Linkedin

Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceAnd visit my Boards on Pinterest

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Jean Dufy, Montmartre 01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Part 66 – With Footnotes

Jean Dufy, (1888 – 1964)
Montmartre

Watercolor on paper
51 x 65 cm
Private collection

The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris is a Roman Catholic church and minor basilica, dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. The basilica is located at the summit of the butte Montmartre, the highest point in the city. Sacré-Cœur is a double monument, political and cultural, both a national penance for the defeat of France in the 1871 Franco-Prussian War and the socialist Paris Commune of 1871 crowning its most rebellious neighborhood, and an embodiment of conservative moral order

The Sacré-Cœur Basilica was designed by Paul Abadie. Construction began in 1875 and was finished in 1914. It was consecrated after the end of World War I in 1919. More on the Basilica

Jean Dufy (b Le Havre, France, 1888; d La Boissière, 1964) French Painter. Following his service in the military, from 1910-1912, Jean Dufy relocated to Paris. Inspired by the work of Braque and Picasso, Dufy created watercolors that expressed a heightened understanding of color and light. In the mid-1920s, Jean Dufy became captivated by the music of the time, such as Darius Millaud and Francis Poulenc, and incorporated this interest into his artwork. While depicting orchestral and musical subjects, Dufy later became enchanted by the coast of Northern France and began to create majestic and effecting landscapes. Throughout the 1950s Dufy explored Western Europe and North America, but inevitably returned to his watercolors and oils of Paris. Just two months after the death of his wife, Ismérie, Jean Dufy died in 1964 in La Boissiere. More Jean Dufy

Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceAnd visit my Boards on Pinterest

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Jean Dufy, Aerial view of Paris 01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of their time, Part 65 – With Footnotes

Jean Dufy, (1888-1964)
Vue aérienne de Paris: le jardin des Tuileries et la Basilique du Sacré Cœur de Montmartre/ Aerial view of Paris: the Tuileries Garden and the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Montmartre

Gouache on paper
60.3 x 46.5 cm., 23 3/4 x 18 5/16 in.
Private collection

Jean Dufy (b Le Havre, France, 1888; d La Boissière, 1964) French Painter. Following his service in the military, from 1910-1912, Jean Dufy relocated to Paris. Inspired by the work of Braque and Picasso, Dufy created watercolors that expressed a heightened understanding of color and light. In the mid-1920s, Jean Dufy became captivated by the music of the time, such as Darius Millaud and Francis Poulenc, and incorporated this interest into his artwork. While depicting orchestral and musical subjects, Dufy later became enchanted by the coast of Northern France and began to create majestic and effecting landscapes. Throughout the 1950s Dufy explored Western Europe and North America, but inevitably returned to his watercolors and oils of Paris. Just two months after the death of his wife, Ismérie, Jean Dufy died in 1964 in La Boissiere. More Jean Dufy

Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceAnd visit my Boards on Pinterest

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I don’t own any of these images – credit is always given when due unless it is unknown to me. if I post your images without your permission, please tell me.

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Maurice Utrillo, MONTMARTRE, MOULIN À LA GALETTE 01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 55 – With Footnotes

Maurice Utrillo, 1883 – 1955
MONTMARTRE, MOULIN À LA GALETTE

Gouache and watercolor on paper
13 1/4 by 19 1/2 in., 33.6 by 49.5 cm
Private collection

The Moulin de la Galette is a windmill and associated businesses situated near the top of the district of Montmartre in Paris. Since the 17th century the windmill has been known for more than just its milling capabilities. Nineteenth-century owners and millers, the Debray family, made a brown bread, galette, which became popular and thus the name of the windmill and its businesses, which have included a famous guinguette and restaurant. In the 19th century, Le Moulin de la Galette represented diversion for Parisians seeking entertainment, a glass of wine and bread made from flour ground by the windmill. Artists, such as Renoir, van Gogh, and Pissarro have immortalized Le Moulin de la Galette; likely the most notable was Renoir’s festive painting, Bal du moulin de la Galette. More on The Moulin de la Galette

Maurice Utrillo, (26 December 1883 – 5 November 1955), was a French painter who specialized in cityscapes. Born in the Montmartre quarter of Paris, Utrillo is one of the few famous painters of Montmartre who was born there.

Utrillo was the son of the artist Suzanne Valadon, who was then an eighteen-year-old artist’s model. She never revealed who was the father of her child. In 1891 a Spanish artist, Miguel Utrillo y Molins, signed a legal document acknowledging paternity, although the question remains as to whether he was in fact the child’s father.

Suzanne’s mother was left to raise the young Maurice, who soon showed a troubling inclination toward truancy and alcoholism. When a mental illness took hold of the 21-year-old Utrillo in 1904, his mother encouraged him to take up painting. He soon showed real artistic talent. With no training beyond what his mother taught him, he drew and painted what he saw in Montmartre. After 1910 his work attracted critical attention, and by 1920 he was internationally acclaimed. In 1928, the French government awarded him the Cross of the Légion d’honneur. Throughout his life, however, he was interned in mental asylums repeatedly.

In middle age Utrillo became fervently religious and in 1935, at the age of fifty-two, he married Lucie Valore and moved to Le Vesinet, just outside Paris. By that time, he was too ill to work in the open air and painted landscapes viewed from windows, from post cards, and from memory.

Although his life also was plagued by alcoholism, he lived into his seventies. More on Maurice Utrillo

Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceAnd visit my Boards on Pinterest

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Gen Paul, PLACE DU TERTRE 01 Painting, Streets of Paris, by the artists of the time, Part 54 – With Footnotes

Gen Paul, 1895 – 1975
PLACE DU TERTRE

Oil on canvas
25 1/2 by 31 3/4 in., 64.8 by 80.7 cm
Private collection

Gen Paul, 1895 – 1975

PLACE DU TERTRE

Oil on canvas

25 1/2 by 31 3/4 in., 64.8 by 80.7 cm

Private collection

The Place du Tertre is a square in the 18th arrondissement of Paris. Only a few streets away from Montmartre’s Basilica of the Sacré Cœur and the Lapin Agile, it is near the summit of the city’s elevated Montmartre quarter. Place du Tertre was the heart of the prestigious Benedictine Montmartre Abbey, established in 1133 by King Louis VI. Place du Tertre was opened to the public in 1635 as Montmartre village central square. From the end of the 18th century until World War One, the whole Montmartre Boheme could been seen here: painters, songwriters and poets.


With its many artists setting up their easels each day for the tourists, the Place du Tertre is a reminder of the time when Montmartre was the mecca of modern art. At the beginning of the 20th century, many painters including Pablo Picasso, Amedeo Modigliani, and Maurice Utrillo were living there.  More on Place du Tertre


Gen Paul (July 2, 1895 – April 30, 1975), was a French painter and engraver. Born in in Montmartre, he began drawing and painting as a child. Gen Paul was trained to work in decorative furnishings. He served in the French army during World War I and was wounded twice, losing one of his legs. During his convalescence, he returned to painting. Although Gen Paul never received any formal training, he made a living from his art for almost 60 years. While his early works reflected the influences of his friends in Montmartrel, he soon developed dynamic form of expressionism reflecting influences as varied as Toulouse-Lautrec, Van Gogh, Cézanne, Goya, Velázquez and El Greco. Due to the dynamism and motion inherent in his paintings, some consider Gen Paul to be the first action painter, a precursor to the abstract expressionists of the 1950s.


Gen Paul died at the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris on 30 April 1975. More on Gen Paul

Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceAnd visit my Boards on Pinterest

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09 Paintings, Streets of Paris, by its Artists from 1850-1910 – With Footnotes – Part 10

Edouard Vuillard,  circa 1908-1910

Café Wepler, circa 1908-1910

Oil on canvas

Height: 62.2 cm (24.49 in.), Width: 103.2 cm (40.63 in.)

Cleveland Museum of Art  (United States – Cleveland, Ohio)

For over a hundred years the Wepler has been the largest oyster house in Paris; located between Montmatre and Pigalle. The Brasserie Wepler celebrated its 100 years in 1992.

Through the century, Wepler has witnessed the evolution of its neighbourhood, of the surrounding cabarets, of the local artists and, in particular, the “Bohême” life style. From a simple pub during the 19th Century the Wepler became the meeting point of many of the personalities that have left their mark in the art of the 20th Century : Picasso, Utrillo, Modogliani, Apolinnaire, Henry Miller, Truffaut, Chabrol… More on Cafe Wepler

Jean-Édouard Vuillard (11 November 1868 – 21 June 1940) was a French painter and printmaker associated with the Nabis. The son of a retired captain, he spent his youth at Cuiseaux (Saône-et-Loire); in 1878 his family moved to Paris in modest circumstances. After his father’s death in 1884, Vuillard received a scholarship to continue his education. In the Lycée Condorcet Vuillard met Ker Xavier Roussel (also a future painter and Vuillard’s future brother in law), Maurice Denis, musician Pierre Hermant, writer Pierre Véber, and Lugné-Poe.

Vuillard was a member of the Symbolist group known as Les Nabis (from the Hebrew and Arabic term for “prophets” and, by extension, the artist as the “seer” who reveals the invisible). However, he was less drawn to the mystical aspects of the group and more drawn to fashionable private venues where philosophical discussions about poetry, music, theatre, and the occult occurred. Because of his preference for the painting of interior and domestic scenes, he is often referred to as an “intimist,” along with his friend Pierre Bonnard. He executed some of these “intimist” works in small scale, while others were conceived on a much larger scale made for the interiors of the people who commissioned the work. More Jean-Édouard Vuillard

Sir Herbert James Gunn, R.A., 1893-1964

LE PETIT CAFÉ, TUILERIES,  Jardins Tuileries; PARIS, c. 1913 

Oil on canvas board

30 by 22cm., 11¾ by 8¾in.

Private collection

The Tuileries Garden is a public garden located between the Louvre Museum and the Place de la Concorde in the 1st arrondissement of Paris. Created by Catherine de Medici as the garden of the Tuileries Palace in 1564, it was eventually opened to the public in 1667 and became a public park after the French Revolution. In the 19th and 20th centuries, it was the place where Parisians celebrated, met, strolled, and relaxed. More on The Tuileries Garden

Sir Herbert James Gunn RA (1893-1964) was a Scottish landscape and portrait painter. Also known as Sir James Gunn, he was born in Glasgow. He studied for several years at the Glasgow School of Art and the Edinburgh College of Art. In 1911 he went to the Académie Julian in Paris. After he left Paris, Gunn travelled to Spain and then spent time in London, where he mostly painted landscapes. At the outbreak of the First World War, Gunn initially joined the Artists Rifles. During the conflict he continued to paint, most notably a work depicting troops on the eve of the Battle of the Somme.


Gunn began as a landscape painter and travelled widely, exhibiting Paintings of Rome etc at the Fine Art Society in 1929. During the 1920s, he increasingly concentrated on portrait painting and after 1929 he devoted himself exclusively to portraits. In November 1939, Gunn offered his services to the War Artists’ Advisory Committee and subsequently received three portrait commissions from them.


His 1953 portrait of Queen Elizabeth II is in the Royal Collection. He also painted notable portraits of King George V and also of Harold Macmillan. He was elected President of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters in 1953, a post he held until his death. More on Herbert James Gunn

Vincent van Gogh,  (1853–1890)

Street scene on Montmartre, Le Moulin à Poivre, c. 1887

Oil on canvas

34.5 × 64.5 cm (13.6 × 25.4 in)

Van Gogh Museum

The Montmartre paintings are a group of works that Vincent van Gogh made in 1886 and 1887 of the Paris district of Montmartre while living there with his brother Theo. Rather than capture urban settings in Paris, van Gogh preferred pastoral scenes, such as Montmartre and Asnières in the northwest suburbs. Of the two years in Paris, the work from 1886 often has the dark, somber tones of his early works from the Netherlands and Brussels. By the spring of 1887 van Gogh embraced use of color and light and created his own brushstroke techniques based upon Impressionism and Pointillism. The works in the series provide examples of his work during that period of time and the progression he made as an artist. More on The Montmartre paintings

When Vincent lived in, Montmartre it was still semi-rural. There was farmland and allotment gardens; three of the celebrated windmills were still standing. The latter was a favorite destination for day-trippers from the city. The largest mill in the painting, Le Blute-Fin, had a pavement café affording a magnificent view over Paris; at the top of the mill, there was a viewing platform. Around the mills there were also various catering establishments and dance halls.

Here Van Gogh stresses the rustic charm of the area, showing people working in their allotments. Nonetheless, modern development looms: to the left of the smaller mill, a large apartment building rises above the fields. More on Le Moulin à Poivre

 

Vincent van Gogh,  (1853–1890)

Terrace of a Cafe on Montmartre (La Guinguette), Paris: October, 1886

Oil on Canvas

19-1/4 x 25-1/4 inches

Musée d’Orsay, Paris

Vincent Van Gogh, who lived nearby, with his brother Theo, and painted this scene in 1886 “La Guinguette “. The house, on the corner of the Rue des Saules and Rue Saint-Rustique, is four centuries old.

Usually the setting for a lighthearted scene of leisure, notably in the work of Pierre-Auguste Renoir, the painting’s outdoor café takes on a sober note in the low autumn light.

Van Gogh works in his figures as mere suggestions of form with weighted calligraphic strokes and a dark palette of brown and carmine red. The streak of aqua on the lamppost presents a startling contrast as does the free handling of the trees and volatile sky. More on this painting

Vincent van Gogh (born March 30, 1853, Zundert, Neth.—died July 29, 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise, near Paris, France). Dutch painter, generally considered the greatest after Rembrandt, and one of the greatest of the Post-Impressionists. The striking colour, emphatic brushwork, and contoured forms of his work powerfully influenced the current of Expressionism in modern art. Van Gogh’s art became astoundingly popular after his death, especially in the late 20th century, when his work sold for record-breaking sums at auctions around the world and was featured in blockbuster touring exhibitions. In part because of his extensive published letters, van Gogh has also been mythologized in the popular imagination as the quintessential tortured artist. More on Vincent van Gogh

 

Sir John William “Will” Ashton, (1881-1963) 

Quay D”Orsay, Paris

Oil on canvas board 

51 x 63cm

Private collection

The Quai d’Orsay is a quay in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, part of the left bank of the Seine, and the name of the street along it. The French Ministry of Foreign Affairs is located on the Quai d’Orsay, and thus the ministry is often called the Quai d’Orsay by metonymy.

The Quai has historically played an important role in French art as a location to which many artists came to paint along the banks of the river Seine. More on The Quai d’Orsay 

Sir John William “Will” Ashton OBE, ROI (20 September 1881 – 1 September 1963), see below

Christopher Wood, (British, 1901-1930)

The Seine, c. 1927

oil on canvas

50.8 x 62.8 cm. (20 x 24 3/4 in.)

Private collection

The present work is a triumph of the colourful, charming simplicity he craved and was painted in 1927 – a pivotal time for the artist. This was one year after he met Ben and Winifred Nicholson and one year prior to meeting Alfred Wallis. All three individuals displayed a modesty in life and art that he admired and they were to be defining influences on his far too short career. 

In The Seine Wood shows the Citroen car plant on the Quai de Javel, viewed across the Seine from La Rive Droit. The manufacturing site developed and sprawled until it was ultimately demolished in the 1970s. There is now a 35 acre public park in its place, Parc Andre Citroen. More on the present work

Christopher Wood, (b. Knowsley, Lancashire [now Merseyside], 7 Apr. 1901; d. Salisbury, 21 Aug. 1930). British painter, mainly of landscapes, harbour scenes, and figure compositions. In 1921 he studied at the Académie Julian in Paris and subsequently travelled widely on the Continent. To influences from modern French art (Picasso and Diaghilev were among his friends), he added an entirely personal lyrical freshness and intensity of vision, touched with what Gwen Raverat felicitously described as ‘fashionable clumsiness’.

In a remarkably short time he achieved a position of high regard in the art worlds of London and Paris, but he was emotionally unstable and his early death was probably suicide (he was killed by a train). After this he became something of a legend as a youthful genius cut off before his prime. Much of Wood’s best work was done in Cornwall. More on Christopher Wood

Christopher Wood, (1901–1930)

Bridge over the Seine, 1927

Oil on wood

37.8 x 45.9 cm

National Galleries of Scotland

Wood completed several stylisically different paintings of bridges over the River Seine, which reflects the way he developed his own technique.

Sir John William “Will” Ashton, (1881-1963) 

Bridge Over the Seine, Paris 

Oil on canvas on board 

25.5 x 35cm 

Private collection

Sir John William “Will” Ashton OBE, ROI (20 September 1881 – 1 September 1963) was an English-Australian artist and Director of the National Art Gallery of New South Wales from 1937 to 1945. Ashton was born in England, the son of an artist. The Ashtons migrated to Australia and he was educated at Prince Alfred College from 1889-1897. Upon graduating Ashton entered the life of an artist. In 1900 he left for England to work and spent several years from 1902-1903 at the Académie Julian in Paris.

Ashton had some of his works accepted by the Royal Academy of Arts, London, and the Salon de la Société des Artistes Français and returned to Adelaide in 1905. After holding exhibitions in Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Adelaide, in 1908 he won the Wynne Prize for landscape.

In 1912-14 he painted in Britain, Europe and Egypt. He was back in Australia for a year, but returned to London with his family in 1915 to 1917. The impressionist oil paintings he made on these trips always sold well on his return to Australia. He won the Godfrey Rivers Bequest prize in 1933 and 1938. Ashton also won the Wynne Prize for a second and third time in 1930 and in 1939.

In 1937 Ashton became Director of the National Art Gallery of New South Wales. From 1944-1947 he was also Director of David Jones Art Gallery. A member of the Commonwealth Art Advisory Board from 1918, Ashton was chairman in 1953-1962. He was a member of the Royal Institute of Oil Painters, a Vice-President of the Australian Painter-Etchers’ Society, and a member of the Society of Artists in Sydney, being awarded its medal in 1944.

He was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire on 1 January 1941 and was made a Knight Bachelor for his service as Chairman of the Commonwealth Art Advisory Board.

Ashton died of cancer at his home at Mosman on 1 September 1963. More on Will Ashton

 

Willem Heytmann, Dutch, b. 1950 

Paris, Champs Elysees

Oil on canvas 

12 x 15 3/4 inches 

Private collection

The Avenue des Champs-Élysées is an avenue in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, running between the Place de la Concorde and the Place Charles de Gaulle, where the Arc de Triomphe is located. It is known for its theatres, cafés, and luxury shops, for the annual Bastille Day military parade, and as the finish of the Tour de France cycle race. The name is French for the Elysian Fields, the paradise for dead heroes in Greek mythology. It is one of the most famous streets in the world. More on the Champs-Élysées

William Heytman, born 1950. It would not be far fetched to say that painting is in W.H. Heytman’s blood. He is a descendant of the “Dutch Frenchman” J.B. Jongkind (1819-1891).

After leaving school, Heytman started experimenting with pastels, watercolours and oils choosing to concentrate on the last medium in particular. He had his first exhibition in 1976 in Middelburg, Zeeland, the Dutch province that has remained his home.

Apart from the lessons he took from the Dutch painter J.W. Heijting, Heytman is very much a self-taught artist, innovating and improving continuously on style, use of colour and composition, and boldly tackling any subject matter. Having painted for over 20 years, he has irrefutably carved a niche for himself in the world of contemporary Dutch painting. More on William Heytman

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