03 Works, RELIGIOUS ART – Today, January 15, is St. Tatyana Rimskaya’s Day, With Footnotes – 15

HOLY MARTYR TATIANA
Tatyana Rimskaya
Holding a martyr’s cross

Saint Tatiana was a Christian martyr in 3rd-century Rome during the reign of Emperor Alexander Severus. She was a deaconess of the early church.


According to legend, she was the daughter of a Roman civil servant who was secretly Christian, and raised his daughter in the faith. This was dangerous, and one day the jurist Ulpian captured Tatiana and attempted to force her to make a sacrifice to Apollo. She prayed, and miraculously, an earthquake destroyed the Apollo statue and part of the temple…

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Titian, The Madonna and Child 01 Work, Interpretation the bible, With Footnotes – 129

AFTER TIZIANO VECELLIO, CALLED TITIAN
After Tiziano Vecellio, called Titian, 17th Century
The Madonna and Child in a landscape
Oil on canvas
172.8 x 118.5cm (68 1/16 x 46 5/8in)
Private collection

The Madonna and Child or The Virgin and Child is often the name of a work of art which shows the Virgin Mary and the Child Jesus. The word Madonna means “My Lady” in Italian. Artworks of the Christ Child and his mother Mary are part of the Roman Catholic tradition in many parts of the world including Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, South America and the Philippines. Paintings known as icons are also an important tradition of the Orthodox Church and often show the Mary and the Christ Child. They are found particularly in Eastern Europe, Russia, Egypt, the Middle East and India. More on The Madonna and Child

Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio, or Titian (1488/1490 – 27 August 1576), was an Italian painter, the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school.

Recognized by his contemporaries as “The Sun Amidst Small Stars”, Titian was one of the most versatile of Italian painters, equally adept with portraits, landscape backgrounds, and mythological and religious subjects. His painting methods, particularly in the application and use of color, would exercise a profound influence not only on painters of the Italian Renaissance, but on future generations of Western art.

During the course of his long life, Titian’s artistic manner changed drastically but he retained a lifelong interest in color. Although his mature works may not contain the vivid, luminous tints of his early pieces, their loose brushwork and subtlety of tone are without precedent in the history of Western painting. More Titian

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Renato Guttuso, The CCrucifixion 02 Works, 20th Century Interpretation of the Bible! With Footnotes – 37

Renato Guttuso, (1912 – 1987)
The Crocifissione/ Crucifixion
Oil on canvas
200 x 200 cm.
Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna and Contemporanea, Rome, Italy

Crocifissione is the painting for which Renato Guttuso is best remembered. At the time it was derided by the clergy, who labelled Guttuso a “pictor diabolicus” (“a devilish painter”). The fascists also denounced it for depicting the horrors of war under a religious cover. Guttuso wrote in his diary: “it is the symbol of all those who endure insults, jail, torture for their ideas”. Guttuso also spoke publicly about “The Crocifissione”, saying “this is a time of war. I wish to paint the torment of Christ as a contemporary scene… as a symbol of all those who, because of their ideas, endure outrage, imprisonment and torment”

Renato Guttuso (26 December 1912 – 18 January 1987) was an Italian painter. His best-known works include Flight from Etna (1938–39), Crucifixion (1941) and La Vucciria (1974). Guttuso also designed for the theatre and did illustrations for books. Those for Elizabeth David’s Italian Food (1954), introduced him to many in the English-speaking world. A fierce anti-Fascist, “he developed out of Expressionism and the harsh light of his native land to paint landscapes and social commentary.”

He was born in Bagheria, near Palermo in Sicily, but from 1937 lived and worked largely in Rome. In his youth he joined the Gruppo universitario fascista, but later he became an anti-fascist and atheist. He joined the banned Italian Communist Party (PCI) in 1940 and left Rome to become an active participant in the partisan struggle from 1943. He was also an opponent to the Mafia. In 1972 Guttuso was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize. In 1976 he was elected to the Italian Senate as a PCI representative for the Sicilian constituency of Sciacca…

 

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Bolognese School, The Holy Family 01 Work, Interpretation the bible, With Footnotes – 128

Bolognese School
Bolognese School, 17th Century
The Holy Family
Oil on copper
7 x 5 1/2 inches (17.8 x 14 cm)
Private collection

The Holy Family consists of the Child Jesus, the Virgin Mary, and Saint Joseph. Veneration of the Holy Family was formally begun in the 17th century by Saint François de Laval, the first bishop of New France, who founded a Confraternity.

Matthew and Luke narrate the episodes from this period of Christ’s life, namely his Circumcision and later Presentation, the Flight to Egypt, the return to Nazareth, and the Finding in the Temple.[Joseph and Mary were apparently observant Jews, as Luke narrates that they brought Jesus with them on the annual pilgrimage to Jerusalem with other Jewish families. More on The Holy Family

The Bolognese School or the School of Bologna of painting flourished in Bologna, the capital of Emilia Romagna, between the 16th and 17th centuries in Italy, and rivalled Florence and Rome as the center of painting. Certain artistic conventions, which over time became traditionalist, had been developed in Rome during the first decades of the 16th century. As time passed, some artists sought new approaches to their work that no longer reflected only the Roman manner. The Carracci studio sought innovation or invention, seeking new ways to break away from traditional modes of painting while continuing to look for inspiration from their literary contemporaries. This style was seen as both systematic and imitative, borrowing particular motifs from the past Roman schools of art and innovating a modernistic approach. More on The Bolognese School

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Hans Baldung Grien, Lot and his daughters 01 Work, Interpretation the bible, With Footnotes – 127

Hans Baldung Grien
Hans Baldung Grien, (c. 1484 – September 1545)
Lot and his daughters
Oil on panel, in three parts
37 5/8 x 63 3/8 in. (95.6 x 158.4 cm.)
Private collection

Lot and his two daughters, Genesis 19:30-38,  left Zoar and settled in the mountains, for he was afraid to stay in Zoar. He and his two daughters lived in a cave. 31 One day the older daughter said to the younger, “Our father is old, and there is no man around here to give us children—as is the custom all over the earth. 32 Let’s get our father to drink wine and then sleep with him and preserve our family line through our father.”

That night they got their father to drink wine, and the older daughter went in and slept with him. He was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.

The next day the older daughter said to the younger, “Last night I slept with my father. Let’s get him to drink wine again tonight, and you go in and sleep with him so we can preserve our family line through our father.” So they got their father to drink wine that night also, and the younger daughter went in and slept with him. Again he was not aware of it when she lay down or when she got up.

So both of Lot’s daughters became pregnant by their father. The older daughter had a son, and she named him Moab; he is the father of the Moabites of today. The younger daughter also had a son, and she named him Ben-Ammi; he is the father of the Ammonites of today. More Lot and his two daughters

Hans Baldung Grien or Grün (c. 1484 – September 1545) was a German artist in painting and printmaking who was considered the most gifted student of Albrecht Dürer. Throughout his lifetime, Baldung developed a distinctive style, full of color, expression and imagination. His talents were varied, and he produced a great and extensive variety of work including portraits, woodcuts, altarpieces, drawings, tapestries, allegories and mythological motifs.

Beginning in 1503, Baldung was an apprentice for the most well renowned German artist of the day: Albrecht Dürer. In 1509, when Baldung’s apprenticeship was complete, he moved back to Strasbourg, opened a workshop, and began signing his works with the HGB monogram that he used for the rest of his career. His style also became much more deliberately individual, a tendency some art historians have termed “mannerist.”

His most characteristic paintings are small in scale; a series of puzzling, often erotic allegories and mythological works. The number of Hans Baldung’s religious works diminished with the Protestant Reformation, which generally repudiated church art as either wasteful or idolatrous. More on Hans Baldung

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Viet Ha Tran, Garden of Eden 01 Work, CONTEMPORARY Interpretation of the Bible! With Footnotes – 46

Eden Garden - Limited Edition of 8 Photograph by Viet Ha Tran (1)
Viet Ha Tran, Spain
Garden of Eden
Photography, Color, Digital, C-type, Manipulated on Paper
41.3 W x 27.6 H x 0 in
Private collection

The Garden of Eden, also called Paradise, is the biblical “garden of God” described in the Book of Genesis and the Book of Ezekiel.

The location of Eden is described in the Book of Genesis as the source of four tributaries. The Garden of Eden is considered to be mythological by most scholars. Among those that consider it to have been real, there have been various suggestions for its location: at the head of the Persian Gulf, in southern Mesopotamia (now Iraq) where the Tigris and Euphrates rivers run into the sea; and in Armenia. More on The Garden of Eden

Viet Ha Tran’s works have been published in over 120 newspapers and magazines all around the world. She is represented by Spain’s most prestigious auction house Duran Auctions. Viet Ha is also a public speaker on the art market and a jury member of IE Foundation Prizes in the Humanities. Viet Ha is a Vietnam-born and Spain-based fine art photographer known for her emotionally dense and endlessly compelling photographs of women and landscapes. Her art emphasizes fantasy and imagination as a source of aesthetic experience. She is a philanthropist who founded the charity art fund www.ifemme.org in 2017 which helps funding girls’ education in less fortunate Asian countries.

Starting photography in 2013, in such a brief period Viet Ha’s artworks have been much valued by art critics and the art market thanks to her unique feminine style. She was semi-finalist in the Spanish National Digital Photography Contest in April 2013, and won Honorable Mentions in the International Photography Awards 2013, Los Angeles. In 2019 her piece Wall of Nature III became finalist of Sienna International Photography Awards. More on Viet Ha Tran

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Velasco Vitali, Dead Christ 01 Work, CONTEMPORARY Interpretation of the Bible! With Footnotes – 36

Velasco Vitali (1960)
Dead Christ, c. 1985

Acrylic on canvas
103.5 x 148.5 cm
Private collection

Velasco Vitali (1960). His debut is marked by the encounter with Giovanni Testori and participation to the show Artists and Writers at Rotonda della Besana, Milan. In 2004 Electa published Velasco 20, a monograph on Giulio Giorello’s first twenty-two years of activity, with a contribution. Extramoenia (2004-2005) is an exhibition set up by the Sicily Region in Palermo (Palazzo Belmonte Riso) and Milan (Palazzo della Ragione). In 2005 Vitali was included in the collection of MACRO. Under the supervision of Danilo Eccher, he created Images, shapes and nature of the Alps (2007) and LATO4 (2008). Landing (2010) was set up at Piazza Duomo and in the St. Augustine complex in Pietrasanta, as well as at Piazza Duca d’Aosta and Palazzo Reale in Milan, under the supervision of Fernando Mazzocca and Francesco Poli. In 2011 he was invited to the Italian Hall of the Venice Biennial Exhibition, where he exhibited the sculpture Veidrodis. The same year saw the release of Apriti Heaven, a book published by Skira, which contains a collection of watercolor paintings on the sacred theme: this includes some of the drawings produced for the culture page of “The Corriere della Sera”, to which Vitali has been a contributor since 2007. In 2012 the exhibition Red Forest, curated by Luca Molinari, takes part on Isola Madre (Stresa) and Verbania, on Maggiore Lake. The Red Forest: 416 ghost town in the world at the Milan Triennale curated by Luca Molinari and Francesco Clerici. More on Velasco Vitali

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