21 Works, Today, May 17th. is Martinus Rørbye’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #135

Martinus Rørbye (1803–1848)
A Party of Chess Players Outside a Turkish Coffeehouse and Barbershop, c. 1845

Oil on canvas
116.7 x 147.9 x 11.3 cm
National Gallery of Denmark

Martinus Christian Wesseltoft Rørbye (17 May 1803–29 August 1848) was a Danish painter, known both for genre works and landscapes. He was a central figure of the Golden Age of Danish painting during the first half of the 19th century.

Martinus Rørbye was born in Drammen in Norway on 17 May 1803. . He was not inclined to schooling, but in 1820 started his studies at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts at 17 years of age.

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Pieter COOPSE, Naval PC battle between English and Dutch 01 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings – With Footnotes, #112

Pieter Coopse (1642 - 1673)

Pieter COOPSE, (active Amsterdam 1668 – 1677) 

Naval PC battle between English and Dutch

Oak panel, three reinforced planks

70 x 108.5 cm – 27 1/2 X 42 3/4 IN.

Private collection

Pieter Coopse or Pieter Jansz. Coops (ca.1640, – 1673), was a Dutch Golden Age seascape painter and draughtsman from Hoorn in the Northern Netherlands.

According to the Netherlands Institute for Art History, he was a pupil of the seascape painter Ludolf Bakhuizen who resided at Hoorn in 1662-1663. He signed his name P.Coopse, sometimes with a second initial J for Jansz, but he seldom added a date. He painted marine subjects and landscapes, in the manner of Bakhuisen and Van de Velde, flourished about the year 1672. His pictures are generally of a small size, well composed, full of subject, and vigorously painted. There is a picture by him in the Gallery at Munich, which is attributed to Bakhuisen in the catalogue, though the name may be discovered on it: in England the dealers are more cautious; they remove it. Ploos van Amstel and others have given facsimiles of some of his drawings; but it is only recently that his own countrymen have discovered his merit as a painter in oil. More on Pieter Coopse

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01 Paintings, The amorous game, Part 20 – With Footnotes

Caspar Netscher, 1639 – 1684 The Hague


Oil on panel

15 by 12 1/2 in.; 38.1 by 31.8 cm

Private Collection

Scenes of love and gallantry dominate Caspar Netscher’s genre paintings of the mid-1660s. While most are politely circumspect or mildly flirtatious, The Seduction offers a more pointed representation of venal love.  Here, the elegant young woman standing at left assumes the role of the procuress: pointing insistently at her palm, she demands money from the young man seated before her.  He, in turn, dutifully offers up a gold coin in payment.  The second young woman, clad in a lustrous satin gown, is poised with pitcher and glass, ready to commence festivities the moment the transaction is completed.  On the carpet-covered table at right are a lute and an open songbook.  The amorous connotations of music in Dutch paintings are well documented: while the lute was capable of conveying a multitude of meanings, in this instance it was most likely included as a signifier of voluptuousness, luxury, and unchastity. More

Caspar Netscher (1639 – January 15, 1684) was a Dutch portrait and genre painter. He was a master in depicting oriental rugs, silk and brocade and introduced an international style to the Northern Netherlands. He was born in Heidelberg or Prague. Caspar was adopted, in Arnhem, by a rich physician named A. Tullekens. Owing to his great aptitude for painting he was placed under a local artist named Hendrick Coster. He then became a student of Ter Borch in Deventer. 

In 1658 he set out for Italy to complete his education, booking passage on a ship to Bordeaux with letters of introduction from Tullekens for his cousin Neny there. While in Bordeaux he met the mathematician and fountain designer Godijn, and married his daughter Margaretha Godijn on 25 November 1659, which halted his progress to Rome. In Bordeaux he toiled hard to earn a livelihood by painting small cabinet pictures. Fearing the persecutions of Protestants, after his son was born he moved back North to The Hague in 1662, and turned his attention to portrait-painting. 

It was in these that Netscher’s genius was fully displayed. The choice of these subjects, and the habit of introducing female figures, dressed in glossy satins, were imitated from Ter Borch; they possess easy yet delicate pencilling, brilliant and correct colouring, and pleasing light and shade; but frequently their refinement passes into weakness. The painter was gaining both fame and wealth when he began to suffer from gout and took to his bed, where he continued to paint lying down and died prematurely in 1684, in The Hague. More


Backhuysen, Ludolf, Dutch, 1630 – 1708

Ships in Distress off a Rocky Coast, c. 1667

Oil on canvas

114.3 x 167.3 cm (45 x 65 7/8 in.)

National Gallery of Art

The three cargo ships in this large painting are the type of wide-bellied, seagoing vessels used to transport much of the commodities that generated the wealth of the Dutch in the seventeenth century. Flying the red, white, and blue flag of the Dutch Republic. Each ship has already lost a mast, and flotsam bobbing in the steely gray water in the foreground reveals that at least one ship has been wrecked. All is not yet lost, as the sun breaks through the clouds. More on this painting

Ludolf Bakhuizen (28 December 1630 – 17 November 1708) was a German-born Dutch painter, draughtsman, calligrapher and printmaker. He was the leading Dutch painter of maritime subjects after Willem van de Velde the Elder and Younger left for England in 1672. He also painted portraits of his family and circle of friends.

Bakhuizen was born in Emden, East Frisia, and came to Amsterdam in about 1650, working as a merchant’s clerk and a calligrapher. He discovered so strong a genius for painting that he relinquished the business and devoted himself to art from the late 1650s, initially in pen drawings. He studied first under Allart van Everdingen and then under Hendrik Dubbels, two eminent masters of the time, and soon became celebrated for his sea-pieces, which often had rough seas.

During his life Bakhuizen was visited by Cosimo III de’ Medici, Peter the Great and also worked for various German princes. In 1699 he opened a gallery on the top floor of the famous Amsterdam townhall. After a visit to England he died in Amsterdam on 17 November 1708. More on Ludolf Bakhuizen

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