Roger de Valerio, pseudonym of Roger Laviron , born in Lille on May 16, 1886 and died in Paris on April 16, 1951 was a French illustrator , poster designer and painter.
de Valerio studied architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris . From 1911 to 1914 he worked as artistic director for the newspaper Le Matin . From 1917 to 1924, he joined the Salabert music publisher for which he produced more than 2,000 covers. In 1926, he was artistic advisor to Devambez , for whom he produced a few posters, then in 1932 he took over the management of the newspaper Le Rire.
From 1936 to 1940, he was associate director of Editions Perceval. In 1933, he taught at the technical school of advertising.
In 1940, he decided to retire to Belle-Île-en-Mer to devote himself to painting — especially nudes and still lifes of flowers — and then to book illustration.
For the magazine L’Art vivant d’october 1926, he declares “The first quality of a poster is to be seen and read […]. All means are good, the end justifies the means. More on Roger de Valerio…
The Battle of Zama in the summer of 202 BC marked the end of the power of the great Hannibal Barca. With its greatest son, also Carthage should be at a virtual end. True, it should limp on for some time, but with its defeat at the end of the Second Punic War it no longer was a significant power.
Zama also marks the pinnacle in the career of the outstanding Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio, whose reforms to the Roman army made him legendary.
In 204 BC, after fourteen years of war, Roman troops landed in North Africa with the goal of directly attacking Carthage…
The Gunpowder Plot of 1605, or the Jesuit Treason, was a failed assassination attempt against King James I of England and VI of Scotland by a group of provincial English Catholics led by Robert Catesby.
The plan was to blow up the House of Lords during the State Opening of England’s Parliament on 5 November 1605, as the prelude to a popular revolt in the Midlands during which James’s nine-year-old daughter, Princess Elizabeth, was to be installed as the Catholic head of state. Catesby may have embarked on the scheme after hopes of securing greater religious tolerance under King James had faded, leaving many English Catholics disappointed. His fellow plotters were John Wright, Thomas Wintour, Thomas Percy, Guy Fawkes, Robert Keyes, Thomas Bates, Robert Wintour, Christopher Wright, John Grant, Ambrose Rookwood, Sir Everard Digby and Francis Tresham. Fawkes, who had 10 years of military experience fighting in the Spanish Netherlands in suppression of the Dutch Revolt, was given charge of the explosives…
The Temple of Jupiter is a colossal Roman temple, the largest of the Roman world, situated at the Baalbek complex in Heliopolis Syriaca (modern Lebanon). The temple served as an oracle and was dedicated to Jupiter Heliopolitanus.
It is not known who commissioned or designed the temple, nor exactly when it was constructed. Work probably began around 16 BC and was nearly complete by about AD 60. It is situated at the western end of the Great Court of Roman Heliopolis, on a broad platform of stone raised another 7 m (23 ft) above the huge stones of the foundation, three of which are among the heaviest blocks ever used in a construction. Cultic activity had long taken place at the site; the temple presumably replaced an earlier one, possibly using the same foundation.
It was the biggest temple dedicated to Jupiter in all the Roman Empire. The columns were 19.9 meters high with a diameter of nearly 2.5 meters: the biggest in the classical world. It took three centuries to create this colossal temple complex. More on the Temple of Jupiter…
Arthur J. Meadows (1843–1907) was born within a family of painters. His father James Meadows, Sr. instilled in him a technical appreciation for accurate coastal views of Europe, and young Arthur set out to see and paint as many as he could find.
Traveling extensively throughout England, Holland and France, Meadows also took to the Mediterranean Ocean and the various sights and locales of Italy, Greece and the islands. He excelled in capturing local color and detail all within a soft, subtle palette that offers peaceful realism and emotional content to his artworks.
Meadows was very successful financially with his art in his lifetime and gifted works to many private individuals and other artists that he befriended. His upper society lifestyle enabled him to be quite active in early humanitarian efforts, and he was involved in the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society in the mid-Victorian Age. More on Arthur J. Meadows…
Lehnin Abbey (German: Kloster Lehnin) is a former Cistercian monastery in Lehnin in Brandenburg, Germany. Founded in 1180 and secularized during the Protestant Reformation in 1542, it has accommodated the Luise-Henrietten-Stift, a Protestant deaconesses’ house since 1911. The foundation of the monastery in the newly established Margraviate of Brandenburg was an important step in the high medieval German Ostsiedlung; today the extended Romanesque and Gothic brickstone buildings, largely restored in the 1870s, are a significant part of Brandenburg’s cultural heritage. More on Lehnin Abbey
Born in Gunzburg an der Donau in 1898, Max Baur was instantly captivated by the natural landscapes of his local surroundings — in particular the land around the Sanssouci Palace in Potsdam.
Baur’s first monograph was published in 1937, and after moving his family to the south of Germany in an effort to escape the worst of the war, he opened an ‘atelier of photography’ in 1953. From this point his work grew more expansive, as he began to document German cities and buildings with the same serene eye he applied to his natural landscapes.
Baur was reproachful of the label ‘photographer,’ preferring instead to describe himself as a ‘painter of light.’ Taking just the briefest look at his work, as petals dance brightly off the surface and trees develop a crisply shadowed frame, it is not difficult to see why. More on Max Baur
Dorothea of Caesarea (died ca. 311) is a 4th-century virgin martyr who was executed at Caesarea Mazaca. Evidence for her actual historical existence or acta is very sparse. She is called a martyr of the Diocletianic Persecution, although her death occurred after the resignation of Diocletian himself…
The Madonna and Child or The Virgin and Child is often the name of a work of art which shows the Virgin Mary and the Child Jesus. The word Madonna means “My Lady” in Italian. Artworks of the Christ Child and his mother Mary are part of the Roman Catholic tradition in many parts of the world including Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, South America and the Philippines. Paintings known as icons are also an important tradition of the Orthodox Church and often show the Mary and the Christ Child. They are found particularly in Eastern Europe, Russia, Egypt, the Middle East and India. More on The Madonna and Child
Leonard of Noblac (or of Limoges or Noblet; also known as Lienard, Linhart, Leonhard, Léonard, Leonardo, Annard) (died 559 AD), is a Frankish saint closely associated with the town and abbey of Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, in Haute-Vienne, in the Limousin (region) of France.
According to unreliable sources, he was a courtier who was converted by St. Remigius, refused the offer of a See from his godfather, King Clovis I, and became a monk at Micy. He lived as a hermit at Limoges and was rewarded by the king with all the land he could ride around on a donkey in a day for his prayers, which were believed to have brought the Queen through a difficult delivery safely. He founded Noblac monastery on the land so granted him, and it grew into the town of Saint-Leonard. He remained there evangelizing the surrounding area until his death. He is invoked by women in labor and by prisoners of war because of the legend that Clovis promised to release every captive Leonard visited. More on Leonard
Saint Ursula (Latin for “little female bear”) is a Romano-British Christian saint. Because of the lack of definite information about her and the anonymous group of holy virgins who accompanied her and on some uncertain date were killed at Cologne, they were removed from the Roman Martyrology and their commemoration was omitted from the General Roman Calendar when it was revised in 1969.
Her legend, is that she was a princess who, at the request of her father King Dionotus of Dumnonia in south-west Britain, set sail to join her future husband, the pagan governor Conan Meriadoc of Armorica, along with 11,000 virginal handmaidens. After a miraculous storm brought them over the sea in a single day to a Gaulish port, Ursula declared that before her marriage she would undertake a pan-European pilgrimage. She headed for Rome with her followers and persuaded the Pope, Cyriacus, and Sulpicius, bishop of Ravenna, to join them. After setting out for Cologne, which was being besieged by Huns, all the virgins were beheaded in a massacre. The Huns’ leader fatally shot Ursula with a bow and arrow in about 383. More Saint Ursula
Venetian school (art). From the later part of the 15th century, Venice had a distinctive, thriving and influential art scene. Beginning with the work of Giorgione (c. 1477–1510), and the workshop of Giovanni Bellini (c. 1430–1516), major artists of the Venetian school included Titian (1489–1576), Tintoretto (1518–1594), Veronese (1528–1588) and the Bassano (1510–1592). Considered to bring a primacy of color over line, this tradition was seen to contrast with the Mannerism then prevalent in the rest of Italy, and the Venetian style is viewed as having had a great influence on the subsequent development of painting. More on Venetian school
Nikolaos Gyzis (1 March 1842–4 January 1901) was considered one of Greece’s most important 19th-century painters. He was most famous for his work Eros and the Painter (See below), his first genre painting. It was auctioned in May 2006 at Bonhams in London, being last exhibited in Greece in 1928. He was the major representative of the so-called “Munich School”, the major 19th-century Greek art movement…
Ionia is the name given during ancient times to the central region of Anatolia ’s Aegean shore in Asia Minor, present-day Turkey, one of the most important centres of the Greek world. On the islands and cities of Ionia the style of pottery was not as rigorously geometric as it was in the Dorian ceramic from the continent. Some Ionian schools of archaic pottery such as Corinth and Rhodes were highly influence by Eastern styles, the so called Orientalizing style. More on Ionian Pottery
Edwin Longsden Long RA (12 July 1829 – 15 May 1891) was an English genre, history, biblical and portrait painter. Long was born in Bath, and was educated at Dr. Viner’s School in Bath. Adopting the profession of a painter, Long came to London and studied in the British Museum. He was subsequently a pupil in the school of James Mathews Leigh in Newman Street London, and practiced first as a portrait artist painting Charles Greville, Lord Ebury and others.
Long made the acquaintance of John Phillip RA, and accompanied him to Spain, where they spent much time. Long was greatly influenced by the paintings of Velasquez and other Spanish masters, and his earlier pictures, such as ‘La Posada’ (1864) and ‘Lazarilla and the blind beggar’ (1870), were painted under Spanish influence. His first important pictures were ‘The Suppliants’ (1872) and ‘The Babylonian marriage market’ (both subsequently purchased by Thomas Holloway). In 1874, he visited Egypt and Syria, and subsequently his work took a new direction. He became thoroughly imbued with middle-eastern archaeology and painted oriental scenes like ‘The Egyptian Feast’ (1877), ‘The Gods and their makers’ (1878) etc.
Long was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1870 and an academician (RA) in 1881. His pictures suited the taste and appealed to the religious sentiment of a large portion of the public, and their popularity was increased by a wide circulation of engravings. He consequently determined to exhibit his next pictures in a separate gallery of his own in Bond Street, London and there in 1883, and the following years, his ‘Anno Domini’ and ‘Zeuxis at Crotona’ met with great commercial success.
Long died from pneumonia resulting from influenza, at his home, “Kelston” in Netherhall Gardens, Hampstead, on 15 May 1891, in his sixty-second year. He was buried in West Hampstead Cemetery. More on Edwin Longsden Long
This is one of Waterhouse’s earlier works, and reflects his fascination with the exotic. The woman in this picture appears to be a witch or priestess, endowed with magic powers. Her dress and general appearance is highly eclectic, and is derived from several sources: she has the swarthy complexion of a woman of middle-eastern origin; her hairstyle is like that of an early Anglo-Saxon; her dress is decorated with Persian or Greek warriors. In her left hand she holds a crescent-shaped sickle, linking her with the moon and Hecate. With the wand in her right hand she draws a protective magic circle round her. Outside the circle the landscape is bare and barren; a group of rooks or ravens and a frog — all symbols of evil and associated with witchcraft — are excluded. But within its confines are flowers and the woman herself, objects of beauty. More on this painting
John William Waterhouse (April 6, 1849 — February 10, 1917) was an English painter known for working in the Pre-Raphaelite style. He worked several decades after the breakup of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, which had seen its heyday in the mid-nineteenth century, leading to his sobriquet “the modern Pre-Raphaelite”. Borrowing stylistic influences not only from the earlier Pre-Raphaelites but also from his contemporaries, the Impressionists, his artworks were known for their depictions of women from both ancient Greek mythology and Arthurian legend…
Giovanni Battista Torriglia was an Italian painter of genre subjects. He was born in Genoa but his artistic training took place in Florence. He devoted himself to painting scenes of life in the countryside. Themes of charming peasants were in great demand in Italy and throughout Europe towards the end of the 19th Century. Torriglia was particularly adored for his warm and sympathetic view of the wholesomeness of peasant family life. His multi-figured compositions display great visual details enriched further by strong narrative elements.
Commissions to decorate the interior of churches in the towns of Sester Levante, Monte Figogna and Salviolan reinforced the popularity of his work. More on Giovanni Battista Torriglia
Rumors became rife as 40,000 soldiers and 10,000 sailors were gathered in French Mediterranean ports. A large fleet was assembled at Toulon: 13 ships of the line, 14 frigates, and 400 transports. To avoid interception by the British fleet under Nelson, the expedition’s target was kept secret. It was known only to Bonaparte himself, his generals…
Louis Icart Laurent Justin , born in 1888 in Toulouse and died in 1950 in Paris , is a painter, engraver and illustrator.
Impressed by its designer, his aunt made the move to Paris: she showed his work to the House Valmont, milliner to the Belle Époque . Louis Icart was then introduced in the illustration media for the fashion press. He drew for periodic Theatrical Reviews and for home catalogs and couture .
Trained in carving, he presented his original works to the Salon comedians. His portraits of women, Parisian, began to appeal to the public.
He was a pilot during the First World War. He flew in several air missions, but did not stop drawing…
Wilhelm Kotarbiński (born 30 November 1848, Nieborów; died 4 September 1921, Kiev) was a Polish Symbolist painter of historical and fantastical subjects who spent most of his working life in Ukraine. He began his studies at the Warsaw School of Art from 1867 to 1871. Afterward, he enrolled at the University of Warsaw, urged on by his parents who were opposed to an artistic career, but stayed for only a short time before borrowing money from his uncle and moving to Italy. The following year, he was able to arrange a stipend from the Imperial Society for the Encouragement of the Arts and enrolled at the Accademia di San Luca, where he studied with Francesco Podesti until 1875, living in poverty and barely surviving a case of typhoid…
“A Modernist, William Henry Clapp is one of the monarchs of Canadian Impressionism. Indifferent as an artist to the emotional elements implicit in everyday experience, he extolled landscapes and the human figure — specifically the nude. In painting these works, he observed the phenomena of light on the generative forces of the organic world. The body is only a detail, an iconography, subordinate to the pattern in which light and shade govern vision. Immersed in golden quietude, Clapp’s art is all the more credible because of its objective truth — an art of passive reverie that has inspired all Impressionists since Renoir who are preoccupied with light and colour to the exclusion of human issues.”A signature of his works, Clapp’s setting is diaphanous and diffused. Mauves and violets blend with rosy white to form his model’s supple flesh. The eye is attracted by the sensuous application of colour, a hazy softness that tempts and beguiles us. The artist gazes back at the viewer, catching us in our intrigue of this Andromeda, against a backdrop of deep yellow. More on William Henry Clapp…
Maximilian I (1459–1519), Holy Roman emperor from 1493 to 1519, began the restoration of the power of the Hapsburgs. His intense interest in the arts and in public display earned him a place in legend as well as history…
Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (15 July 1606–4 October 1669) was a Dutch painter and etcher. He is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art and the most important in Dutch history. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age when Dutch Golden Age painting dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative, and gave rise to important new genres in painting…
The most significant battle of the Great Sioux War of 1876, The Battle of Little Bighorn involved the combined forces of the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes versus the 7th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army. Commonly known as Custer’s Last Stand, the conflict resulted in a devastating loss for the United States and the death of the former Civil War general Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer. More on this painting Gayle Porter Hoskins (July 20, 1887 – January 14, 1962) was an American illustrator. Hoskins began his training at the Chicago Art Institute and later studied under Howard Pyle in Wilmington, Delaware.
He was born in Brazil, Indiana to William “Pica” Thompson Hoskins, a sheet-music dealer, and Madge Porter Hoskins in 1887. The family moved to Denver, Colorado five years later. About 1901, he began publishing cartoons in the Denver Post. Three years later his mother died and the family moved back east to Chicago. Hoskins then studied at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago and studied under Charles Francis Browne, Frank Phoenix, Thomas Wood Stevens, and John Vanderpoel. He began working for Marshall Field and Company as a mural designer and published illustrations in Redbook in 1907.
Howard Pyle invited Hoskins to study at Pyle’s school in Wilmington in 1907. Hoskins studied there until 1910 under Pyle and later under Frank Schoonover. He became a nationally known illustrator by 1918 publishing in Harper’s Weekly, Good Housekeeping, Liberty, Saturday Evening Post, Cosmopolitan, and other magazines.
For financial reasons he began working for pulp magazines after the Crash of 1929. His illustrations appeared on the covers of Western Story, Complete Stories, Top-Notch, Sure-Fire Western, Super Western, and Western Trails. After 1938 he stopped publishing in the pulps, preferring portraits and historical subjects instead. More on Gayle Porter Hoskins