09 CLASSIC WORKS OF ART, MARINE PAINTINGS – WITH FOOTNOTES, #49

Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973) 

THE LOFTY CLIPPER, CLAN MACFARLANE

oil on canvas

36 by 24 3/8 in. 91.4 by 61.9 cm

Private collection

The Clan MacFarlane was built by Russel & Co., for Thomas Dunlop & Sons and launched in 1881 from Greenock, Scotland.  The three-masted full-rigged iron ship was sunk with her crew by a cyclone when stationed at Noumea, New Caledonia in 1934.  The title of the present work is likely original, Dawson’s addition of “lofty” emphasizing both the ships’ sails and the somewhat unusual tall, vertical composition. More on The Clan MacFarlane

Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973) was a British painter who was renowned as a maritime artist. His most famous paintings depict sailing ships, usually clippers or warships of the 18th and 19th centuries. Montague was the son of a keen yachtsman and the grandson of the marine painter Henry Dawson (18111878), born in Chiswick, London. Much of his childhood was spent on Southampton Water where he was able to indulge his interest in the study of ships. For a brief period around 1910 Dawson worked for a commercial art studio in Bedford Row, London, but with the outbreak of the First World War he joined the Royal Navy. Whilst serving with the Navy in Falmouth he met Charles Napier Hemy (18411917), who considerably influenced his work. In 1924 Dawson was the official artist for an Expedition to the South Seas by the steam yacht St.George. During the expedition he provided illustrated reports to the Graphic magazine.

After the War, Dawson established himself as a professional marine artist, concentrating on historical subjects and portraits of deep-water sailing ships. During the Second World War, he was employed as a war artist. Dawson exhibited regularly at the Royal Society of Marine Artists, of which he became a member, from 1946 to 1964, and occasionally at the Royal Academy between 1917 and 1936. By the 1930s he was considered one of the greatest living marine artists, whose patrons included two American Presidents, Dwight D Eisenhower and Lyndon B Johnson, as well as the British Royal Family. Also in the 1930s, he moved to Milford-Upon-Sea in Hampshire, living there for many years. Dawson is noted for the strict accuracy in the nautical detail of his paintings which often sell for six figures.

The work of Montague Dawson is represented in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich and the Royal Naval Museum, Portsmouth. More on Montague Dawson

Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973) 

The Flying Cloud

Oil on canvas

20 x 30 in 50.8 x 76.2 cm

Private collection

Flying Cloud was a clipper ship that set the world’s sailing record for the fastest passage between New York and San Francisco, 89 days 8 hours. The ship held this record for over 100 years, from 1854 to 1989.[

Flying Cloud was the most famous of the clippers built by Donald McKay. She was known for her extremely close race with Hornet in 1853; for having a woman navigator, Eleanor Creesy, wife of Josiah Perkins Creesy who skippered Flying Cloud on two record-setting voyages from New York to San Francisco; and for sailing in the Australia and timber trades. More on Flying Cloud

Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973) was a British painter who was renowned as a maritime artist. His most famous paintings depict sailing ships, usually clippers or warships of the 18th and 19th centuries. Montague was the son of a keen yachtsman and the grandson of the marine painter Henry Dawson (18111878), born in Chiswick, London. Much of his childhood was spent on Southampton Water where he was able to indulge his interest in the study of ships. For a brief period around 1910 Dawson worked for a commercial art studio in Bedford Row, London, but with the outbreak of the First World War he joined the Royal Navy. Whilst serving with the Navy in Falmouth he met Charles Napier Hemy (18411917), who considerably influenced his work. In 1924 Dawson was the official artist for an Expedition to the South Seas by the steam yacht St.George. During the expedition he provided illustrated reports to the Graphic magazine.

After the War, Dawson established himself as a professional marine artist, concentrating on historical subjects and portraits of deep-water sailing ships. During the Second World War, he was employed as a war artist. Dawson exhibited regularly at the Royal Society of Marine Artists, of which he became a member, from 1946 to 1964, and occasionally at the Royal Academy between 1917 and 1936. By the 1930s he was considered one of the greatest living marine artists, whose patrons included two American Presidents, Dwight D Eisenhower and Lyndon B Johnson, as well as the British Royal Family. Also in the 1930s, he moved to Milford-Upon-Sea in Hampshire, living there for many years. Dawson is noted for the strict accuracy in the nautical detail of his paintings which often sell for six figures.

The work of Montague Dawson is represented in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich and the Royal Naval Museum, Portsmouth. More on Montague Dawson

Joseph Giunta, (1911–2001) 

Seascape Rockport

Oil on wood panel

20 x 30 in.

Private collection

Rockport is a town in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States. Rockport is located approximately 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Boston at the tip of the Cape Ann peninsula. It is directly east of Gloucester and is surrounded on three sides by the Atlantic Ocean.

Before the coming of the English explorers and colonists, Cape Ann was home to a number of Native American villages, inhabited by members of the Agawam tribe. Samuel de Champlain named the peninsula “Cap Aux Isles” in 1605, and his expedition may have landed there briefly. By the time the first Europeans founded a permanent settlement at Gloucester in 1623, most of the Agawams had been killed by diseases caught from early contacts with Europeans. More on Rockport

Joseph Giunta (1911–2001) was a Canadian painter whose career spanned over 70 years. He was born in Montreal and began painting at the age of 14. He studied the arts at the Monument National and at the École des Beaux-Arts de Montréal. Giunta also studied in Boston, France and Italy. Throughout his career, Giunta’s style evolved into 4 major styles: Figuration (1931–1958), Gestural Abstraction (1958–1975), Geometric and Baroque Constructions (1971–1989), Organic Collage-Paintings (1974–2001).

Over the course of more than 60 years, Giunta participated in a host of solo and group exhibitions, including at Quebec City’s Zanettin Gallery in 1965 and 1973, as well as at the Quebec Pavilion at the Osaka World’s Fair in 1970.

In 2001, the year of his death, a major exhibit at the Maison de la culture Frontenac in Montreal, along with the release of filmmaker Pepita Ferrari’s Joseph Giunta: A Silent Triumph, served to pay a tribute to the artist, repositioning Giunta within the artistic scene in Quebec and Canada. More on Joseph Giunta 

MARY ELIZABETH PRICE, American (1877-1965) 

Village Queen

Oil on board

9 1/2 x 16 inches

Private collection

Mary Elizabeth Price (March 1, 1877 – February 19, 1965), also known as M. Elizabeth Price, was an American Impressionist painter. She was an early member of the Philadelphia Ten, organizing several of the group’s exhibitions. She steadily exhibited her works with the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the National Academy of Design, and other organizations over the course of her career. She was one of the several family members who entered the field of art as artists, dealers, or framemakers. More on Mary Elizabeth Price

Frederick Judd Waugh, American (1861-1940) 

Seascape with Breaking Waves

Oil on board

13 1/4 x 19 3/4 inches

Private collection

Frederick Judd Waugh (September 13, 1861 in Bordentown, New Jersey – September 10, 1940) was an American artist, primarily known as a marine artist. During World War I, he designed ship camouflage for the U.S. Navy, under the direction of Everett L. Warner.

Waugh was the son of a well-known Philadelphia portrait painter, Samuel Waugh. He studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts with Thomas Eakins, and at the Académie Julian in Paris, with Adolphe-William Bouguereau. After leaving Paris, he moved to England, residing on the island of Sark in the English Channel, where he made his living as a seascape painter.

In 1908, Waugh returned to the U.S. and settled in Montclair Heights, New Jersey. He had no studio, until art collector William T. Evans offered him one in exchange for one painting a year. In later years, he lived on Bailey Island, Maine, and in Provincetown, Massachusetts. 

In 1918, Waugh was recommended to serve as a camouflage artist (or camoufleur) for the U.S. Navy, as a member of the Design Section of its marine camouflage unit (Behrens 2002, 2009). That section was located in Washington, D.C., and was headed by American painter Everett L. Warner (Warner 1919). More on Frederick Judd Waugh

Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell, R.S.A., R.S.W.,1883-1937

NORTH WIND, IONA (THE BATHER)

Oil on panel

36.9 by 45.1cm., 14½ by 17¾in.

Private collection

It was unusual for Cadell to include figures in his Iona paintings, but here he has placed a woman clad in a white dress which flutters in the sea-breeze and gives a beautifully animated element echoing the rolling waves in the bay beyond. Mauve, sea-greens and brilliant blues give a vibrancy to the picture and are wholly Colourist in their harmonies and contrasts. North Wind, Iona depicts the North shore, painted amongst the rocks that form the west boundary of the sands at Chalbha, where we catch a glimpse of the uninhabited island of Lunga, partly hidden by the rocky islet of Eilean Chalbha. More on this painting

Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell RSA (12 April 1883 – 6 December 1937) was born in Edinburgh, and educated at the Edinburgh Academy. From the age of 16 he studied in Paris at the Académie Julian, where he was in contact with the French avant-garde of the day. While in France, his exposure to work by the early Fauvists, and in particular Matisse, proved to be his most lasting influence. After his return to Scotland, he was a regular exhibitor in Edinburgh and Glasgow, as well as in London.


Cadell spent much of his adult life in Scotland and had little direct contact with many of the new ideas that were being developed abroad. He therefore tended to use subjects and environments that were close at hand – landscapes, fashionable Edinburgh New Town house interiors, still life and figures in both oil and watercolour. He is particularly noted for his portraits of glamorous women whom he painted in a loose, impressionistic manner. He enjoyed the landscape of Iona enormously, which he first visited in 1912 and features prominently in his work. 


During World War I he served in the 9th Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the 9th Royal Scots regiments. More on Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell

John Duncan Fergusson, R.B.A., 1874-1961

THERMICE, HARLECH BEACH, c. 1926 “Thermice, Harlech”

Watercolour and coloured chalks over pencil

27.5 by 33.5cm., 10¾ by 13¼in.

Private collection

Harlech is a seaside resort and small town on the Cardigan Bay coastline in Gwynedd, West Wales. Nestling in the foothills of Snowdonia the town sits on the edge of the Bay of Cardigan looking westward toward the Llyn peninsula. Harlech is renowned for it’s medieval fortress, Harlech Castle, built by the English King Edward 1 in the 13th century in his attempt to subdue the rebellious Welsh. The castle dominates the small town and is visible for miles around standing sentinel over Cardigan Bay. After almost a thousand years, the sea has abandoned the Castle and has left it stranded high and dry on its rocky promontory almost a mile from the present shoreline. More on Harlech

John Duncan Fergusson, (b Leith , 9 Mar. 1874; d Glasgow, 30 Jan. 1961). Scottish painter (mainly of landscapes and figure subjects) and occasional sculptor, the best known of the Scottish Colourists. From about 1895 he made regular visits to Paris and he lived there 1907–14. His early work was Whistlerian and he then came under the influence of Manet, but by 1907 he had adopted the bold palette of Fauvism and became the most uncompromising adherent to the style among British artists (Blue Beads, 1910, Tate, London). More on John Duncan Fergusson

Jimmy Lawlor 

Lady with hat

“Australia is a vast, mostly empty continent.  The large population areas all cling to the coastlines.  I live within walking distance of beautiful, white, sandy beaches at the edge of the Indian Ocean.  I can look out to sea and realise that the next landfall to the west is the island of Madagascar, 7,000 miles away (11,000km).  I would like to say that I love reclining in a giant shell, pondering the wonders of nature and wearing an amazing shell hat, but that would be a lie.” Jimmy Lawlor 

Jimmy Lawlor was born in Wexford. He now lives in Westport, in the magnificent West of Ireland. Lawlor has been exhibiting for over 20 years.

His work is based not only on the Irish sense of humour, but on the vivid realisation that the old way of life will have vanished by our next generation.

His work takes elements from his surroundings and mixes them with the people of the place, in their environment and doing what they love best. In their own way, they have helped create the atmosphere around them, whether they be farmers, business people, students or otherwise.

Sarah Vermeersch, France

Hooked

Photography

31.5 H x 31.5 W x 0.4 in

Private collection

Sarah Vermeersch studied art and photography in Brussels, then moved briefly to London before settling in the south of France. After years of exploring different areas of photography from portraits to street reportage as well as music videos and documentaries, Sarah started working on illustrations of classic mythology which led her to new adventures creating images reminiscent of paintings within the photographic medium. Inspired often by fairytales and myths, sometimes just by idioms or turns of phrase, Sarah’s images conjure an imaginary world behind the curtain of the real, to illustrate dreams and nightmares, love of life, fear of death, reach and grasp. More on Sarah Vermeersch

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06 CLASSIC WORKS OF ART, MARINE PAINTINGS – WITH FOOTNOTES, #50

JOHN WHORF, American (1903-1959) 

Fisherman’s Moons

Watercolor and gouache on paper

14 1/2 x 21 inches (sight)

Private collection

The best times to fish are when the fish are naturally most active. The Sun, Moon, tides, and weather all influence fish activity. For example, fish tend to feed more at sunrise and sunset, and also during a full moon  More on Fisherman’s Moons

John Whorf, 1903 – 1959, was a prolific American painter. Born and raised in Winthrop, Massachusetts, Whorf began his artistic education with informal studies with his father, Harry C. Whorf, a graphic designer. John’s mother, took an active interest in the development of their children’s creative pursuits. Whorf began his formal training in the Boston atelier of Sherman Kidd and at the Museum School, where he studied drawing with Philip Leslie Hall and painting with William James. 

Whorf spent summers in Provincetown, Massachusetts, which proved to have a significant influence on the development of his style. In 1919, Whorf traveled to France, Spain, Portugal, and Morocco, at which point he began to shift his focus away from oil painting and almost exclusively to watercolors. 

In the 30’s, Whorf had permanently settled in Provincetown. Whorf enjoyed depicting a side of the summer resort town that vacationers seldom experienced, finding poetry in Cape Cod’s off-season beauty. 

His paintings may be found in numerous prestigious museum collections, among them the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, D.C., The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, New York and The Art Institute of Chicago in Illinois, as well as in the Pitti Palace in Florence, Italy and the National Museum in Stockholm, Sweden. More John Whorf

WILLIAM BRADFORD, American (1823-1892) 

Ship Off the Coast of Labrador 

Oil on canvas backed by panel

9 x 14 inches

Private collection

Labrador is the continental part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. It comprises the mainland portion of the province, separated from the island of Newfoundland by the Strait of Belle Isle. It is the largest and northernmost geographical region in Atlantic Canada. More on Labrador

In 1813 the governor of Newfoundland, gave an order that allowed people to settle at will on the island. Prior to that declaration, English fishermen, under the control of the powerful West Country merchants, had come to Newfoundland each spring, returning to England each fall with their fish. Although they were primarily seeking cod, records of the day indicate that better than 25 species of fish were taken on those voyages. More on offshore fishing

William Bradford, (born April 30, 1823, Fairhaven, Mass., U.S.—died April 25, 1892, New York City), U.S. marine painter whose pictures attracted much attention by reason of their novelty and colour effects.

He was a Quaker and a self-taught artist, painting the ships and the marine views he saw along the coasts of Massachusetts, Labrador, and Nova Scotia; he went on several Arctic expeditions with Isaac Hayes and was the first American painter to portray the frozen regions of the north. Bradford was a member of the National Academy of Design, New York City. More on William Bradford

RICHARD HAYLEY LEVER, American (1876-1958) 

Fishing Fleet – Broadstairs England, 1903 

Oil on canvas

10 x 13 inches

Private collection

Broadstairs is a coastal town on the Isle of Thanet in the Thanet district of east Kent, England, about 80 miles (130 km) east of London. Broadstairs is one of Thanet’s seaside resorts, known as the “jewel in Thanet’s crown”. The town’s crest’s Latin motto is Stella Maris (“Star of the Sea”). The name derives from a former flight of steps in the chalk cliff, which led from the sands up to the 11th-century shrine of St Mary on the cliff’s summit.

A fishing settlement developed in the vicinity of the shrine in the 14th century. This came to be called “Broadstairs”. Charles Culmer, son of Waldemar, is supposed to have reconstructed the stairs in 1350. More on Broadstairs

RICHARD HAYLEY LEVER, American (1876-1958) see below

RICHARD HAYLEY LEVER, American (1876-1958) 

The Old Lighthouse and Fleets of St. Ives, c. 1915

Oil on canvas

50 x 60 inches

Private collection

St Ives is a seaside town that lies north of Penzance and west of Camborne on the coast of the Celtic Sea. In former times it was commercially dependent on fishing. St Ives was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1639. St Ives has become renowned for its number of artists. It was named best seaside town of 2007 by The Guardian newspaper. More on St Ives

RICHARD HAYLEY LEVER, American (1876-1958) see below

RICHARD HAYLEY LEVER, American (1876-1958) 

Lighthouse with Boats 

oil on panel, unsigned. 

12 x 15 3/4 inches

Private collection

Richard Hayley Lever (28 September 1875 – 6 December 1958) was an Australian-American painter, etcher, lecturer and art teacher. He excelled in painting classes at Prince Alfred College under James Ashton and on leaving school continued to study under Ashton at his Norwood art school. He was a charter member of the Adelaide Easel Club in 1892.

Lever left to England in 1899 to further his career in painting. He moved to St. Ives, a fishing port and artistic colony on the Cornish coast. In St. Ives, Lever shared a studio with Frederick Waugh, and studied painting techniques under the Impressionists Olsson and Algernon Talmage. Lever also painted in the French port villages of Douarnenez and Concarneau, Brittany, directly across the English Channel from St. Ives.

Lever arrived in New York City in 1912 and painted views of the Hudson River, Times Square and Central Park. Upon discovering the American east coast, he painted in Gloucester, MA for several summers and at Marblehead, MA. From 1919 to 1931, Lever taught art classes at the Art Students League of New York where he maintained a Gloucester studio and often traveled to paint on Nantucket and Martha’s Vineyard. In 1924, Lever was commissioned to paint a portrait of the presidential yacht, Mayflower, which was subsequently presented to President Calvin Coolidge in the Cabinet Room of the White House. 

In later life, Lever was inflicted with arthritis in his right hand, which prevented him from further travel and forced him to concentrate on still-life subjects instead. As his arthritis advanced, he taught himself to paint with his left hand. However, following the death of his wife Aida in 1949, Lever was confined to his home, where he continued to paint from 1953 until his death. More on Richard Hayley Lever

GUY CARLETON WIGGINS, American (1883-1962) 

“Summer Morning” Gloucester 

Oil on board

16 x 12 inches 

Private collection

Gloucester, on Cape Ann in Essex County, Massachusetts, in the United States. It is part of Massachusetts’ North Shore.  An important center of the fishing industry and a popular summer destination, Gloucester consists of an urban core on the north side of the harbor and the outlying neighborhoods. More on Gloucester

Guy Carleton Wiggins NA (February 23, 1883 – April 25, 1962) was an American artist who became famous for his paintings of New York City’s snowy streets, landmarks and towering skyscrapers during winter. In 1883 the young Wiggins was born into an artistic family; his father Carleton Wiggins was an accomplished artist who gave his son his first training as a painter. Later he enrolled in architectural school, but changed direction by entering the National Academy of Design to study painting. 

He was born in Brooklyn and made his residence in New York City, a city which often provided subjects for his paintings, as The Metropolitan Tower (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York); Washington Square in Winter (Richmond Art Museum, Indiana); Columbia Circle, Winter (National Gallery of Art, Washington); and Riverside Drive (1915).

Throughout Wiggins’ career, he painted in an impressionistic style. He traveled New England painting streams, fields and woodlands capturing on canvas the various seasons of the year. He became one of the youngest members of the Old Lyme Art Colony of Old Lyme, Connecticut, and painted alongside his father, Carleton, Childe Hassam, and Frank Vincent DuMond. Wiggins taught art in New York and Connecticut and enjoyed a long and successful career as a painter.

He died in 1962 while on vacation in St. Augustine, Florida, aged 79. His body was returned home to Connecticut and he is buried in Lyme. His work can be seen in several major museums, including The Art Institute of Chicago, Brooklyn Museum, and Smithsonian American Art Museum. More on Guy Carleton Wiggins

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03 CLASSIC MARINE PAINTINGS BY WINSLOW HOMER – WITH FOOTNOTES, #54

Winslow Homer, (American, Boston, Massachusetts 1836–1910 Prouts Neck, Maine)

The Gulf Stream, c.1899

Oil on canvas

28 1/8 x 49 1/8 in. (71.4 x 124.8 cm)

The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Homer painted this dramatic scene of imminent disaster. A man faces his demise on a dismasted, rudderless fishing boat, sustained by only a few stalks of sugarcane and threatened by sharks and a distant waterspout. He is oblivious to the schooner on the left horizon, which Homer later added to the canvas as a sign of hopeful rescue. Some art historians have read The Gulf Stream as symbolic, connecting it with the period’s heightened racial tensions. The painting has also been interpreted as an expression of Homer’s presumed sense of mortality and vulnerability following the death of his father. More on The Gulf Stream

Winslow Homer, (American, Boston, Massachusetts 1836–1910 Prouts Neck, Maine)

The Life Line, c. 1884

Oil on canvas

28 3/4 × 44 5/8 in, 73 × 113.3 cm

Philadelphia Museum of Art

One of the great popular and critical successes of the artist’s career, the painting engages age-old themes of peril at sea and the power of nature, while celebrating modern heroism and the thrill of unexpected intimacy between strangers thrown together by disaster.

The Life Line draws on the traditional shipwreck scenario–mountainous waves, wind and spray, a helpless vessel, and a desperate human struggle–with an original, modern perspective. More on this painting

Winslow Homer (February 24, 1836 – September 29, 1910) was an American landscape painter and printmaker, best known for his marine subjects. He is considered one of the foremost painters in 19th-century America and a preeminent figure in American art.


Largely self-taught, Homer began his career working as a commercial illustrator.[1] He subsequently took up oil painting and produced major studio works characterized by the weight and density he exploited from the medium. He also worked extensively in watercolor, creating a fluid and prolific oeuvre, primarily chronicling his working vacations. More on Winslow Homer

Winslow Homer, (American, Boston, Massachusetts 1836–1910 Prouts Neck, Maine)

The Fog Warning / Halibut Fishing, c. 1885

Oil on canvas

76.83 × 123.19 cm (30.2 × 48.5 in)

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Homer spent 1881–82 in Cullercoats, England. Both a fishing village and an artists’ colony, Cullercoats provided Homer with profound themes: the arduous lives of fishermen and their families. Shortly after returning to the United States late in 1882, he settled in Prout’s Neck, Maine, similarly both a fishing community and a pleasant summer resort, where he painted the local population and their work. The Fog Warning is one of three paintings he produced at Prout’s Neck in 1885 describing the lives of the North Atlantic fishermen. More on this painting

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04 CLASSIC WORKS OF ART, MARINE PAINTINGS – WITH FOOTNOTES, #57

Charles Edward Dixon, 1872 – 1934

Greenwich , 1905

Watercolour heightened with bodycolour

20.5 x 27 cm

Private collection

Greenwich is located within the Royal Borough of Greenwich, to which it lends its name. Notable for its maritime history and for giving its name to the Greenwich Meridian and Greenwich Mean Time. 

The town became a popular resort in the 18th century. The maritime connections of Greenwich were celebrated in the 20th century, with the siting of the Cutty Sark and Gipsy Moth IV next to the river front, and the National Maritime Museum in the former buildings of the Royal Hospital School in 1934. Greenwich formed part of Kent until 1889 when the County of London was created. More on Greenwich

Charles Edward Dixon (8 December 1872 – 12 September 1934) was a British maritime painter of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, whose work was highly successful and regularly exhibited at the Royal Academy. Several of his paintings are held by the National Maritime Museum and he was a regular contributing artist to magazines and periodicals. He lived at Itchenor in Sussex and died in 1934. More on Charles Edward Dixon

Ralph Hedley, (British, 1851-1913)

Working on the Tyne, Newcastle, 1905

Oil on canvas

40-1/2 x 50 inches (102.9 x 127 cm)

Private collection

Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England. The city developed around the Roman settlement Pons Aelius and was named after the castle built in 1080 by Robert Curthose, William the Conqueror’s eldest son. The city grew as an important centre for the wool trade in the 14th century, and later became a major coal mining area. The port developed in the 16th century and, along with the shipyards lower down the River Tyne, was amongst the world’s largest shipbuilding and ship-repairing centres. More on Newcastle

Ralph Hedley (31 December 1848 – 14 June 1913) was a realist painter, woodcarver and illustrator, best known for his paintings portraying scenes of everyday life in the North East of England.
Born in Gilling West near Richmond, North Yorkshire, Ralph and his parents moved to Newcastle upon Tyne around 1850, on the wave of industrial opportunity. Aged about 13, he was apprenticed to Thomas Tweedy in his carving workshops, simultaneously studying art and design at the ‘Government school’ in Newcastle, and attending evening classes at the Life School under William Bell Scott. At the age of 14 he was awarded a bronze medal by government’s Department of Art and Science.

After concluding his apprenticeship, Hedley established a successful woodcarving business, whilst also producing lithographs for the local press and taking every opportunity to work as an artist. He had the first of many paintings accepted for exhibition at the Royal Academy in 1879. Joining with Henry Hetherington Emmerson and Robert Jobling, they founded the Bewick Club which encouraged and exhibited the work of the local artists of the North East, staging the first exhibition in 1884. More on Ralph Hedley

Charles Malfroy, (French, 1862-1951)

Vue de Martigues

Oil on canvas

24 x 36-1/4 inches (61.0 x 92.1 cm)

Private collection

Martigues is a commune northwest of Marseilles. It is part of the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region on the eastern end of the Canal de Caronte.


Nicknamed the “Provençale Venice”, Martigues is a point of passage between the Mediterranean Sea and the Sea of Martigues, close to the Côte d’Azur. More on Martigues

Charles Malfroy, (French, 1862-1951) was an accomplished French artist who specialized in coastal, marine and landscape painting. He was born in Lyon on the 27th March 1862 and was the father of noted marine artist Henry Malfroy (1895-1942). After completing his formal art training at the Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Malfroy embarked on his artistic career with exhibitions at the Salon in Lyon beginning in 1881.             

Charles Malfroy was an impressionist painter in the manner of important Marseille artist, John Baptiste Olive.  He was the observer of effects of light rendered with both freshness and decision combined with a subtle use of colour. 


Charles Malfroy is in the post-impressionist lineage of Jean-Baptiste Olive . Attracted by the light of the Mediterranean ports, he excels in views of the Côte d’Azur and Bouches-du-Rhône , in particular the port of Martigues . He also painted some paintings of Venice. More on Charles Malfroy

Joaquín Sorolla, 1863 – 1923, SPANISH

TARDE TORMENTOSA (STORMY AFTERNOON), b. 1904

Oil on canvas

48 by 78cm., 19 by 30¾in.

Private collection

Beneath a leaden sky, fishing boats lie grounded on the sand. Either it is the end of the day and the fisherman are preparing to go home, or the day’s fishing has been called off due to the rough sea. One of a series of increasingly spontaneous scenes of the beach at Valencia, the freedom of execution and liveliness of spirit that the work exhibits are qualities that go to the heart of Sorolla’s aesthetic and account for the artist’s enduring popularity. More on this painting

Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (27 February 1863 – 10 August 1923) was a Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the sunlight of his native land. More on Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida

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04 CLASSIC WORKS OF ART, MARINE PAINTINGS – WITH FOOTNOTES, #56

J. M. W. Turner,  (1775–1851)

The Fish Market at Hastings Beach, c. 1810

Oil on canvas

Height: 908.05 mm (35.75 in). Width: 1,206.5 mm (47.5 in).

Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art,  Kansas City, Missouri

Hastings is a town and borough in East Sussex on the south coast of England. It gives its name to the Battle of Hastings, which took place in 1066. The town later became one of the medieval Cinque Ports, and a popular seaside resort in the 19th century with the coming of the railway. Hastings is a fishing port with a beach-based fishing fleet.

The fishing fleet is Europe’s largest beach-launched fishing fleet and has recently won accreditation for its sustainable methods. The fleet has been based on the same beach, below the cliffs at Hastings, for at least 400, possibly 600, years. Its longevity is attributed to the prolific fishing ground of Rye Bay nearby.  More on Hastings

 

Joseph Mallord William Turner, RA (baptised 14 May 1775 – 19 December 1851) was an English Romanticist landscape painter. Turner was considered a controversial figure in his day, but is now regarded as the artist who elevated landscape painting to an eminence rivalling history painting.

Although renowned for his oil paintings, Turner is also one of the greatest masters of British watercolour landscape painting. He is commonly known as “the painter of light” and his work is regarded as a Romantic preface to Impressionism. More on Joseph Mallord William Turner

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jean Baptiste Olive, (1848-1936) 

Landing in heavy weather 

Oil on canvas; signed lower left 

23 5/8 x 36 3/16 in.

Private collection

Jean-Baptiste Olive (July 31, 1848 – 1936) was a French painter. The son of a wine merchant. Étienne Cornellier, a decorator, encouraged him to register at École des beaux-arts de Marseille. There he received several awards including, in 1871, the live model class’s first prize. While training as a decorator, he painted many scenes of Marseille, its Vieux-Port, its islands, and its seashore. In 1874 he travelled to Italy, mainly to Genoa and Venice. He occasionally participated in some of Provence’s exhibitions at the time.


From 1874 onward he exhibited repeatedly at Salon de Paris and was awarded several prizes there. In 1881 he became a member of Société des Artistes Français. In 1882 he relocated to Paris. 


In 1930, aged 82, he was awarded the Léon Bonnat prize. More on Jean-Baptiste Olive

Louise d’Aussy Pintaud 

Port of Luerca, 1967 

Oil on canvas 

90 x 59 cm 

Private collection

The main village of Luarca is known locally as the White Village because its gracefulness

and tidiness. Luarca was a very important whaling port which brought a lot of wealth to the area. The port of Luarca is the Centre of Giant Squid which is one of the largest and most important collections of cephalopods of the world. Luarca (Valdes) is also home to some of the best beaches in Asturias. More on Port of Luerca
Louise d’Aussy-Pintaud, 1900-1990 was a painter and sculptor. She was born in Bordeaux, France in 1900. Her primary areas of focus were nudes, landscapes, and busts. She exhibited at the Salon des Artistes Français in Paris from 1934.

D’Aussy-Pintaud began painting under the influence of her grandfather, an avid – albeit amateur – painter. She becam a student of sculptor M. A. Seysse, also in Bordeaux. Later, she would study under painter and mentor Biloul while attending the Gustave Moreau School in Paris.

Her earlier work is her best known, for her ability to observe the naked form in a refined and what has been described as an even chaste manner. D’Aussy-Pintaud’s painting of figures is classic and purist, while the very expressive backgrounds and landscapes are handled with expressionistic vigor.

Her work was exhibited in the Salon des Artistes Français between 1934 and 1942. In 1944, D’Aussy-Pintaud would ultimatlely settle with her husband in the city of Ciboure (Lapurdi) until the time of her death in 1990. More on Louise d’Aussy-Pintaud

Augustus Koopman, (American, 1869-1914)

Le petit bateau à la voile/ The small sailing boat, c. 1904

Oil on canvas

32 x 39-1/2 inches (81.3 x 100.3 cm)

Private collection

Augustus B. Koopman (1869-1914), American,  is known for painting scenes of France and the American West. As part of a large community of American expatriate artists in turn-of-the century Paris, Koopman spent a great deal of time at the coast in Etaples near Belgium, where the great Eugene Boudin frequented. It is along this coast that Koopman painted many scenes of the marine activities and people at their roles.

The first steps of his art education took him through the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, and then on to several Parisian groups. While in France, he did travel widely to other countries, but he recorded his belief that the Boulogne coast of Northern France was the most picturesque in the world. He would rather late in his cut-short life and career, visit the Grand Canyon, and his painting of it is in the Santa Fe Railroad Collection, while several of his images are in the collections of the Congressional Library and New York Public libraries.  More on Augustus Koopman

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04 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings – With Footnotes, #55

Charles Edward Dixon

‘Victory Opening Fire’ at Trafalgar, 1907

Watercolour

18 x 28 cm

Private collection

The Battle of Trafalgar was fought on the 21st of October 1805 off Cape Trafalgar on the Spanish coast, between the combined fleets of Spain and France and the Royal Navy. It was the last great sea action of the period. 

As HMS Victory cleared the French ship she came within range of the Neptune which fired her broadside into the Victory damaging the foremast and bowsprit. Captain Hardy ordered the helm over to bring Victory alongside the Redoubtable which was on her starboard side, and as the guns came to bear she fired her starboard broadside into the French ship. More on The Battle of Trafalgar

Charles Edward Dixon (8 December 1872 – 12 September 1934) was a British maritime painter of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, whose work was highly successful and regularly exhibited at the Royal Academy. Several of his paintings are held by the National Maritime Museum and he was a regular contributing artist to magazines and periodicals. He lived at Itchenor in Sussex and died in 1934. More on Charles Edward Dixon

Thomas Bush Hardy

Shipping scene in calm seas

Watercolour

Private collection

Thomas Bush Hardy (1842, Sheffield – 1897, Maida Vale, London) was a British marine painter and watercolourist. As a young man he travelled in the Netherlands and Italy. In 1884 Hardy was elected a Member of the Royal Society of British Artists. He exhibited with the Society and also at the Royal Academy.

His paintings feature coastal scenes in England and the Netherlands, the French Channel ports and the Venetian Lagoon.

Hardy had nine children. His son Dudley Hardy was a painter, illustrator and poster designer. His daughter Dorothy received an MBE after working as a nurse in the First World War. He died on 15 December 1897 in Maida Vale, London. More on Thomas Bush Hardy

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, (1824–1898)

Young Girls on the Edge of the Sea, c. 1879

Oil on canvas

61 × 46 cm (24 × 18.1 in)

Musée d’Orsay

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes (14 December 1824 – 24 October 1898) was a French painter best known for his mural painting, who came to be known as ‘the painter for France’. He became the co-founder and president of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts, and his work influenced many other artists, notably Robert Genin. Puvis de Chavannes was a prominent painter in the early Third Republic. Émile Zola described his work as “an art made of reason, passion, and will” More on Pierre Puvis de Chavannes 

Sir William Russell Flint, R.A., P.R.W.S., 1880-1969

SHRIMPING

Watercolour

33 by 24cm., 13 by 9½in.

Private collection

Shrimping is the activity of catching shrimps for eating; using a cheap butterfly net and scraping along the sides of piers or docks and through the sand.

Sir William Russell Flint (4 April 1880 – 30 December 1969) was a Scottish artist and illustrator who was known especially for his watercolour paintings of women. He also worked in oils, tempera, and printmaking. He was born in Edinburgh then educated at Daniel Stewart’s College and Edinburgh Institution. From 1894 to 1900 Flint apprenticed as a lithographic draughtsman while taking classes at the Royal Institute of Art, Edinburgh. From 1900 to 1902 he worked as a medical illustrator in London while studying part-time at Heatherley’s Art School. He furthered his art education by studying independently at the British Museum. 

Flint was elected president of Britain’s Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours (now the Royal Watercolour Society) in 1936 to 1956, and knighted in 1947. More on Sir William Russell Flint

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03 CLASSIC MARINE PAINTINGS – WITH FOOTNOTES, #53

Marc-Aurèle Fortin, ARCA (1888-1970)

“Port de Montréal”,  c. 1928

Watercolour

9″ × 9¾”

Private collection

The Port of Montreal is a port and transshipment point on the St. Lawrence River in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. On the Saint Lawrence Seaway 1,600 kilometres inland from the Atlantic Ocean, it is on the shortest direct route from Europe and the Mediterranean to North America. It is an international container port that services Toronto and the rest of Central Canada, the U.S. Midwest, and the U.S. Northeast.


The port originated in the historic area now known as the Old Port of Montreal. Over the years, the Port of Montreal expanded eastward along the waterfront. The site is now a cultural gem and a major tourist attraction, having been enhanced with museums, restaurants, shops and water-related activities. More on the port of Montreal

Marc-Aurèle Fortin (March 14, 1888 – March 2, 1970) was a Québécois painter, born in 1888 in Ste-Rose, Quebec. He studied art in Montreal and worked at the Montreal Post Office, and at an Edmonton bank. He studied art abroad. He was known for painting watercolour landscapes of the St. Lawrence Valley. He travelled around the St. Lawrence Valley by bicycle. Fortin believed that “Canadian artists should take their inspiration from the countryside and progress towards a national art… We should excel in landscapes, exactly as the French do”.

He was part of the first Atelier exhibition at Henry Morgan Galleries in April 1932 together with Atelier founder John Goodwin Lyman, André Biéler, and Edwin Holgate. Fortin was exhibited by Galerie L’Art français from the 1940s.

His works are displayed at the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts in Montreal. He was a member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. He died in 1970. More Marc-Aurèle Fortin

Richard Hayley LeverAmerican (1876-1958) 

“The Old Lighthouse and Fleets of St. Ives” 

Oil on canvas

50 x 60 inches 

Private collection

St Ives (Cornish is a seaside town, civil parish and port in Cornwall. The town lies north of Penzance and west of Camborne on the coast of the Celtic Sea. In former times it was commercially dependent on fishing. St Ives was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1639. St Ives has become renowned for its number of artists. It was named best seaside town of 2007 by The Guardian newspaper.More on St Ives

Richard Hayley Lever(b Adelaide, Australia 1876; d Mount Vernon, New Hampshire 1958) Australian-born American painter. In 1900 Hayley Lever traveled to England to study art, and shortly thereafter studied at the Academie Julian in Paris where Van Gogh was a major influence. Around 1912 Lever moved to America and began gaining wide recognition as an important artist. Lever is known for his marine scenes, and once in America he maintained a studio in Gloucester, Massachusetts to paint coastal life. From 1919 to 1931 Lever taught at the Art Students League New York City; and in 1933 was made full Academician at the National Academy in New York City. In 1935 Lever became the director of the Studio Arts Club in Mount Vernon, New York. During his lifetime he was

awarded numerous medals for his artistic achievements including gold and silver from the National Academy. More on Richard Hayley Lever

William James Glackens, (1870-1938)

“Bathers,” 1914 

Oil on board

16 1/2 x 22 5/8 inches 

Private collection

William James Glackens (b Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1870; d New York, New York, 1938) began his career as an illustrator for the Philadelphia Press. He was encouraged to study at The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts by Robert Henri. Following a trip to Europe he settled in New York City in 1895. Glackens became a member of The Eight; the revolutionary group of realist artists led by Henri; and established a studio on Washington Square South, where he devoted himself to painting the parks and city squares of New York. His success as a professional artist began with the now-legendary exhibition entitled simply “The Eight,” held at the Macbeth Gallery in New York. Around 1908 Glackens began developing a more Impressionistic style that included both assertive color as well as feathery brushstrokes reminiscent of the technique of Renoir. Glacken began depicting seaside resorts as early as 1908 in Cape Cod, but his most impressive works of this type were painted in Bellport, Long Island. He painted his most successful Impressionist works from 1911 until 1916 while spending his summers on the south shore of Bellport; there he developed a fully Impressionist technique, a painting style that he had become familiar with when traveling to Paris in 1912. In 1925 Glackens embarked on an eight-year sojourn to Paris with Robert Henri, Elmer Schofield and his family. Significantly, Glackens did not enroll in a Parisian art academy as so many fellow American painters did, and instead focused completely on his independent work. More on William James Glackens

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