09 CLASSIC WORKS OF ART, MARINE PAINTINGS – WITH FOOTNOTES, #42

Hernando Gonzalo Villa,  (American 1881-1952) 

The Men

Ol on canvas,

25″ x 18″

Private collection

Hernando Gonzalo Villa (born 1881, died 1952) was a prominent commercial artist and muralist whose work primarily depicted Native Americans, Mexican vaqueros, California missions, Spanish colonialists, and coastal views.

Villa was born in Los Angeles to Esiquia and Miguel de Villa. His parents came to Los Angeles as children from Baja California in 1846 when the area was still part of Mexico. He graduated from the Los Angeles School of Art and Design in 1905. Villa established himself as a commercial artist, illustrating magazines as well as a variety of artwork ranging from sheet music covers to newspaper advertisements, and a poster for the 1933 World’s Fair in Chicago.

Villa also executed easel paintings throughout his career which he showed primarily in California. He  was also a celebrated muralist who created murals for Tally’s New Broadway Theater in Los Angeles in 1916, the New Rialto Theater in Phoenix in 1921, and Citizen Bank in Los Angeles in 1926. Villa won a gold medal for a mural exhibited at the Panama-Pacific International Exhibition in 1915. More on Hernando Gonzalo Villa

Johannes Holst

The Siam in choppy Sea, c. 1936

Oil on canvas

70,5 x 100 cm

Private collection

The Siam, a fairly speedy ship of 745 tons, made four consecutive voyages to Auckland from 1865 till 1868, in command of Captain William Ashby. She was a favourite ship with passengers, and the whole of her berthing accommodation was taken up both on the outward and homeward passages. 

The ship was unfortunate in striking severe gales on all the outward passages. More on THE SIAM

Johannes Holst, (October 22, 1880 in Hamburg-Altenwerder – July 5, 1965 in Hamburg)Influenced by the profession of his father,  he was a skipper,  and by the closeness to Elbe and sea, Johannes became interested in shipping at an early age.

He completed an apprenticeship as an ornamental painter at the studio of Julius and Hinrich Lüdders.


At first he painted fishing boats, his later works were of sailing ships and steamers on the high seas. Stormy weather at sea are characteristical for his paintings. Holst created works of very high quality in a realistic manner of painting. The ships painted by him show every detail. The water is also depicted very realistically.


Holst was a very active artist and was tasked by many shipowners to paint portraits of their ships because of his high quality works. Portraits of sailing ships, for the shipping company F. Laeisz in Hamburg et al., form the main part of his complete works that consists of about 1000 paintings. The paintings of Holst are especially valued in northern Germany. More on Johannes Holst

Roger Rosary

The Pourquois-Pas? in Greenland

Oil on canvas

50,5 x 65 cm

Private collection

The Pourquoi Pas ? IV was the fourth ship built for Jean-Baptiste Charcot. She completed the second Charcot expedition of the Antarctic regions from 1908 to 1910. Charcot died aboard when she was wrecked on 16 September 1936, off the coast of Iceland. Of the forty men on board, only one survived.

In September 1936, returning from the mission to Greenland, and after carrying out a survey mission, the Pourquoi-Pas ? IV stopped at Reykjavík to re-provision on 13 September. They set out for Saint-Malo two days later, on 15 September, but on 16 September the ship was caught in a violent cyclonic storm and lost on the reefs of Álftanes at Mýrar.  More on The Pourquoi Pas ?

Roger Chapelet (25 September 1903 – 30 June 1995) was a French maritime painter, born in Versailles, France. He discovered his maritime passion boarding the Rollo in 1927, where his brother was a radio operator in the port of Marseilles. This was the beginning of his painting career at sea. He would then make a series of paintings in various ports: Le Havre, Antwerp, and Rotterdam. He sailed for the first time in 1929 to explore new horizons, and he boarded sailing boats to paint the fishermen on the banks of Newfoundland and Greenland. In the 1930s, he became the painter of the main French naval armaments, and in 1936, he was named Peintre de la Marine and became a member of the Naval Academy. During World War II, Chapelet served on the transatlantic convoys between 1939 and 1940. From 1942 to 1945, he served as commissioner of the navy in the Mediterranean, and in 1946, in Indochina. Meanwhile,he continued to paint different military operations and naval battles. He returned to civilian life after the war, and he became the painter of several ship companies: Mixed Company, Paquet, Compagnie Générale Transatlantique, National Navigation Company, etc. Chapelet died in Montpon-Ménestérol, France on 30 June 1995.


Along with Marin-Marie and Albert Brenet, Chapelet is considered one of the three great 20th century painters of the French Navy. More on Roger Rosary

Mary Blood Mellen, 1819 – 1886

Ship Leaving Harbor by Moonlight (Castine Harbor) 

Oil on canvas 

16 1/8 x 22 inches

Private collection

Castine is a town in Hancock County in eastern Maine, USA, which served from 1670 to 1674 as the capital of Acadia. Castine is the home of Maine Maritime Academy, a four-year institution that graduates officers and engineers for the United States Merchant Marine and marine related industries. 

During the 17th and early 18th century, New France defined the Kennebec River as the southern boundary of Acadia, which put Castine within Acadia. The town is named after Jean-Vincent d’Abbadie de Saint-Castin. More on Castine

Mary Blood Mellen, 1819 – 1886 is most known as a collaborative artist and friend to American Luminist master Fitz Henry Lane. Her known works are mostly of the greater Gloucester, Massachusetts region, although she studied art early in Sterling, Mass. Married at 21 to Rev. Charles Mellen in 1840, Mellen would visit family living in Gloucester and is known to have worked there alongside Lane, both in emulating his style and directly collaborating on at least one painting, a Maine coastal view which is signed by both, in the permanent collection of the Cape Ann Museum. 

For years thought of principally as Lane’s student, it has been suggested that there was more of a professional equilibrium between the two artists, as their paintings as early as 1860 show strong similarities, and that Lane traveled with Mellen to paint a scene of her family’s home in Sterling. More works have been discovered, some unsigned, and attributed to both Mellen and/or Lane. While she followed his original luminist style, she was to become a marine master in her own right, painting on through the and one of very few women to paint 19th Century marine works. More on Mary Blood Mellen

WILLIAM SADLER II (C.1782-1839)

The Mouth of the Liffey with the Poolbeg Lighthouse and Shipping

Oil on panel

34.5 x 54.5cm

Private collection

The present work is an atmospheric panorama ranging from the north of Dublin city on the right with it’s church spires over to south county Dublin on the extreme left, with views of Killiney and Dalkey and the Sugarloaf Mountain beyond. The main concentration however is on the myriad of ships that are heading into or exiting Dublin port. Sadler conveys the busyness of the channel leading into the city and the River Liffey, with an anchored coastal trader in the foreground and nearby a British naval frigate heading into port. Numerous other large sailing ships are evident further into the port area. 

The architectural landmarks are accurate, as you’d expect with the artist, whose skill in describing the topography of the city is well regarded. The Poolbeg Lighthouse is prominent, standing as it does at the end of the four kilometer long Great South Wall. Also visible is the Pigeon House Fort, built around the time of the 1798 Rebellion and which housed an armory, magazine, stores, a hospital and quarters for officers and men. A little further in several domes are visible, perhaps amongst them, the Custom??s House on the Liffey quays. More on this painting

William Sadler II (c.1782 – 1839) was an Irish painter, the son of the portrait painter and engraver William Sadler. Two of his sons became painters, the eldest being William Sadler III. Sadler, who grew up in Dublin, exhibited his paintings between 1809 and 1821 in the city. In 1828 and 1833 he exhibited at the Royal Hibernian Academy. Sadler also taught painting and one of his pupils was James Arthur O’Connor.

Sadler lived at a number of different addresses before settling in Manders’ Building, Ranelagh, where he died in December 1839.

Sadler was greatly influenced by Dutch genre painting. More on William Sadler II

Mihály Zichy, (1827-1906)

Lifeboat, c. 1847

Oil on canvas

Height: 135 cm (53.1 in). Width: 190 cm (74.8 in).

Hungarian National Gallery

Mihály Zichy (October 15, 1827 in Zala, Hungary – February 28, 1906 in St. Petersburg, Russia) was a Hungarian painter and graphic artist.

Zichy was a significant representative of Hungarian romantic painting. During his law studies in Pest from 1842, he attended Jakab Marastoni’s school as well. In Vienna he was Waldmüller’s pupil in 1844. “Lifeboat”, his first major work, comes from this time. On Waldmüller’s recommendation, he became an art teacher in St. Petersburg. He swore allegiance to freedom by painting the portrait of Lajos Batthyány, the first Hungarian prime minister, in 1849. From 1850 onwards, he worked as a retoucher, but he also did pencil drawings, water colours and portraits in oil. His erotic drawings have a particular warm intensity in which both members of the couple seem equal partners. He settled down in Paris in 1874.

In 1881 he was in Tbilisi, Georgia, where he started working on illustrations for “The Knight in the Panther’s Skin” at the request of the Georgian intelligencia. He painted 35 pictures in total. The publishing commission of the work of “The Knight in the Panther’s Skin” chose 27 pictures to be included in the publication. The painter refused to take payment for the works, so impressed was he by the poem itself. Instead, he gifted the works to the Georgian people. More on Mihály Zichy

William Skilling, after Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida, British/American (18?? – 1964)

Afternoon on the Beach (Beach at Zarauz), c. circa 1955

Oil on Canvas

48 x 60 in. (121.92 x 152.4 cm)

Private collection

Zarautz is a coastal town located in central Gipuzkoa, in Spain. It is bordered by Aia to the east and the south and Getaria to the west. It’s located about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) west of San Sebastián. As of 2014, Zarautz has a population of 22,890, which usually swells to about 60,000 in the summer.

The Palace of Narros, located adjacent to Zarautz’s 2.8 km long beach, is where Queen Isabella II and Fabiola of Belgium once spent their summer holidays. The beach is known for being the longest in the Basque Country and one of longest of the Cantabrian cornice. More on Zarautz

William Skilling, British/American (18?? – 1964) was a California artist known for portrait and landscape painting, he served in World War I and then settled in San Francisco where he died on April 8, 1964. He also did copies of work by artists including Edward Hicks, Parson Fisher and Giuseppe Arcimboldo. More on William Skilling

Lena Luckey, Prague, Czech Republic

By Land and Sea

Mixed Media on Canvas

30″ x 48″

Private collection

Lena Luckey, born in Prague, Czech Republic, traveled throughout Europe, Northern Africa and Indonesia where she was exposed at an early age to diverse cultures. Lena’s travels were not always pleasant – much of her traveling was done during an extremely tumultuous period of her life – and it was only ten years ago that Lena finally found the balance in her life and her ability to express her deepest emotions through her artistic process (Lena is self-taught). Her life experiences are reflected in the diversity of subjects, styles, textures and colors in her artwork. More on Lena Luckey

Howard Chesner Behrens, (August 20, 1933 – April 14, 2014) 

Summer stroll

Oil on canvas

41.5 x 47.5 in. (105.4 x 120.6 cm.)

Private collection

Howard Chesner Behrens (August 20, 1933 – April 14, 2014) was American popular artist whose original works of art are sold in fine art galleries, at auction on cruise ships, and at Costco. Behrens’ limited and open editions are sold internationally. Behrens was also one of the top-selling artists on Princess Cruises.

Behrens was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1933. He grew up near Washington, DC. He began drawing at age seventeen after being confined to bed following a sledding accident. His formal education in art was at the University of Maryland, College Park, where he earned a master’s degree in painting and sculpture. Behrens was hired by the United States Government Printing Office, where his father was employed as a printer, and worked there for the next seventeen years. Behrens resided in Potomac, Maryland and died on April 14, 2014 after a long battle with Parkinson’s Disease. More on Howard Chesner Behrens

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10 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings – With Footnotes, #38

Charles Dixon

Off Tilbury, c. 1912

Waterclor on paper on canvas

28.3×77.3 cm

Private collection

Tilbury is a town in the borough of Thurrock, Essex, England. It was established in the late 19th century, on land that was mainly part of Chadwell St Mary. It contains a 16th century fort and an ancient cross-river ferry. Tilbury has a major deep-water port which contributes to the local economy.

Tilbury’s history is closely connected with its geographical location. Its counterpart on the south bank of the River Thames, Gravesend, has long been an important communications link, and it was there that a cross-river ferry was connected, mainly due to the narrowness of the river at this point. More on Tilbury

Charles Edward Dixon (8 December 1872 – 12 September 1934) was a British maritime painter of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, whose work was highly successful and regularly exhibited at the Royal Academy. Several of his paintings are held by the National Maritime Museum and he was a regular contributing artist to magazines and periodicals. He lived at Itchenor in Sussex and died in 1934. More on Charles Edward Dixon

 

ADOLFO GIRÁDEDEZ Y PEÑALVER, (SPAIN, 1840-1920) 

PORT IN CADIZ

Oil on canvas

60 x 100 cm 

Private collection

Cádiz is a city and port in southwestern Spain. It is the capital of the province of Cádiz, one of eight which make up the autonomous community of Andalusia.

Cádiz, the oldest continuously inhabited city in Spain and one of the oldest in western Europe, was founded by the Phoenicians. Cádiz is sometimes counted as the most ancient city still standing in Western Europe. and has been a principal home port of the Spanish Navy since the accession of the Spanish Bourbons in the 18th century.

Christopher Columbus sailed from Cádiz on his second and fourth voyages and the city later became the home port of the Spanish treasure fleet. Consequently, it became a major target of Spain’s enemies. The 16th century saw a series of failed raids by Barbary corsairs; the greater part of the old town was consumed in a major fire in 1569; and in April, 1587, a raid by the Englishman Francis Drake occupied the harbor for three days

In 1596, it was captured by another English fleet, this time under the Earls of Essex and Nottingham. They burned much of it before leaving with their booty. A third English raid was mounted against the city in 1625 by George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham, and Edward Cecil, but the attempt was unsuccessful. During the Anglo-Spanish War, Admiral Robert Blake blockaded Cádiz from 1655 to 1657. In the 1702 Battle of Cádiz, the English attacked again under George Rooke and James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde, but they were repelled after a costly siege. More on Cádiz

CLAYS Paul Jean, (1819 – 1900)

“Entrance of the port of Flushing”

Oil on board of mahogany 

51×40.5cm.

Private collection

The maritime history of Vlissingen, Flushing, goes back many centuries. Even in the 13th century the port of Vlissingen had a bustling trade in skins, salt, herring, tar and wool. In the same century Vlissingen was also infamous for its privateering and piracy.

One of the oldest harbours is the ‘Voorhaven’. This harbour, dug in the Middle Ages, is still intact and is currently used by the pilot boats. The Nije, Engelse or Vissershaven dates from 1455. Privateering, trade and crafts made Vlissingen a flourishing town in the sixteenth century, while the slave trade too played an important role. The ships of Vlissingen sailed around the world and contributed to the global power of the Seven United Provinces.

The Golden Age was followed by a deep point in Vlissingen’s history. During the Napoleonic occupation Vlissingen became a poor and destitute town. At the end of the nineteenth century the situation improved when the Dutch Government decided to dig the canal through Walcheren, build two inner harbours and the outer harbour and construct the railway line between Vlissingen and Bergen op Zoom. More on Flushing

Paul Jean Clays (27 November 1819 – 10 February 1900), Belgian artist, was born at Bruges, and died at Brussels. In 1851 he made his debut at the Paris Salon and, while he tried to stay in the mainstream, his art was heralded by those who were looking for a change to more realism.

In 1852 he moved to Antwerp where he lived from 1852 to 1856; it was during this period that his fortunes began to improve.

In 1856 he and his family moved to Brussels where he became a prolific artist, specializing in scenes along the Scheldt. He exhibited a number of works at the Exposition Universelelle of 1867 and the critic Burger-Thoré described him as one of the greatest marine painters of the time.

In 1868 he became a member of the Société Libre des Beaux-Arts, a society founded to help promote the works of artists who were interested in their individual interpretations of nature. He was a frequent exhibitor at the many exhibition halls in Europe and exhibited many pieces at the Paris Salon. More on Paul Jean Clays

Kovalev, Peter, (Russia, 20th century)

Two-Master in Distress

Oil on canvas

135.0 x 94.5 cm.

Private collection

WILLIAM PIERCE STUBBS, (AMERICAN, 1842-1909) 

THE SCHOONER ALICIA B. CROSBY 

Oil on canvas

26 1/2 x 42 in

Private collection

William Pierce Stubbs (1842–1909) or W.P. Stubbs was a marine painter in the Boston, Massachusetts, area in the 19th century. Examples of his work are in the Bostonian Society; Cape Ann Museum; and Peabody Essex Museum. He also lived in Bucksport, Maine. More on William Pierce Stubbs

Medvey, Heinrich von, (years active 1935 – 1980, Berlin),

Pirates of the Mediterranean Sea, c. 1952

Oil on hardboard

18.0 x 24.0 cm

Private collection

LORENZO GHIGLIERI,  (Oregon, born 1931)

Native American war party in two canoes with sails employed, c. 1976

OIL ON CANVAS 

30″ x 40″

Private collection

LORENZO GHIGLIERI,  (Oregon, born 1931), born in America of Italian, French and German immigrants, Lorenzo Ghiglieri grew up in a rich ethnic culture on the fringe of Los Angeles .  After receiving extensive formal training, Lorenzo took it upon himself to study the Old Masters, especially deriving influence from Rembrandt, Velazquez and Corot.  At the age of seventeen, he was honored with a prestigious art scholarship, but was interrupted serving duty on a U.S. destroyer during the Korean War.  He received his first commission as a combat illustrator from the United States Government.  At twenty-two, Lorenzo was working as an illustrator on various national accounts in New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles through an international advertising agency.

Lorenzo’s work graces the walls of the most prestigious establishments in the world. His sculptures and paintings have been presented to Pope John Paul II at The Vatican in Rome, President Ronald Reagan at the White House, Mikhail Gorbachev of the Kremlin and King Juan Carlos of the Royal Palace in Madrid. Tiger Woods, Luciano Pavarotti and General Schwartzkopf are a few others who take pride in their ownership of a Lorenzo Ghiglieri sculpture.

In 1994, Lorenzo sculpted the “Official American Bald Eagle” in bronze, silver, and gold, now on display at the White House and part of their permanent collection.  Later, he was commissioned to complete the “Timeline of Liberty,” a historical bronze piece documenting the forefathers of liberty from ancient Greece to modern times.  Lorenzo continues to create the aesthetics of great architecture in modern times. More on LORENZO GHIGLIERI

John Singer Sargent

Girl fishing at San Vigilio, c. 1913

Oil on canvas

49.5 x 71.1 cm. (19.5 x 28 in.)

 Private Collection

Sargent would become increasingly less interested in executing the society portraits for which he was famous and would take refuge in trips to the Alps, Venice and the Mediterranean with members of his family. San Vigilio is a small fishing village on a point at the southern end of Lake Garda in Italy and this painting was executed in 1913 on his last European sojourn before the outbreak of World War I. Sargent would travel with a variety of veils and shawls and the like to dress his “models” on such trips. “The woman in the present painting, possibly Jane de Glehn,” More on this painting

John Singer Sargent (January 12, 1856 – April 14, 1925) was an American artist, considered the “leading portrait painter of his generation” for his evocations of Edwardian era luxury. During his career, he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2,000 watercolors, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. His oeuvre documents worldwide travel, from Venice to the Tyrol, Corfu, the Middle East, Montana, Maine, and Florida.

His parents were American, but he was trained in Paris prior to moving to London. Sargent enjoyed international acclaim as a portrait painter, although not without controversy and some critical reservation; an early submission to the Paris Salon, his “Portrait of Madame X”, was intended to consolidate his position as a society painter, but it resulted in scandal instead. From the beginning his work was characterized by remarkable technical facility, particularly in his ability to draw with a brush, which in later years inspired admiration as well as criticism for a supposed superficiality. His commissioned works were consistent with the grand manner of portraiture, while his informal studies and landscape paintings displayed a familiarity with Impressionism. In later life Sargent expressed ambivalence about the restrictions of formal portrait work, and devoted much of his energy to mural painting and working en plein air. He lived most of his life in Europe. More John Singer Sargent

SCHREIBER, PETER CONRAD, 1816 – 1894

Young fisherman on a beach before Capri. 

Oil on canvas. 

66 x 144 cm. 

 Private Collection

Peter Konrad Schreiber (born 11 August 1816 in Fürth , died 17 February 1894 in Nuremberg ) was interested in drawing early on. His father soon encouraged him by means of targeted instruction. He made great strides at the Nuremberg Academy of Fine Arts under Albert Christoph Reindel, who discovered the extraordinary talent of Schreiber, and gave the boy a further education in 1835, Academy in Berlin.

Schreiber belonged to the private circle of pupils of Professor Wilhelm Ferdinand Schirmer In Berlin, In 1839 he moved to Rome, where he created numerous landscape imprints and an extensive sketchbook. The impressions of Italy shaped his whole life. 

In 1842 Schreiber returned to Fürth. Starting from the school year 1844/45 , Schreiber becomes “Fachlehrer of the drawing art” at the Latin school at the Egidien-Gymnasium in Nuremberg. In 1847 he was married in second marriage to the Juliane Karoline Elise Krieg (1829-1894). On February 23, 1874 , he stopped drawing because of increasing eye weakness.”  However, he continued to paint. His last known and dated work is from 1892. More on Peter Konrad Schreiber 

Maggi Hambling

Wave Breaking (detail), March, 2007

Oil on canvas

122 x 183 cm © The Artist

Maggi Hambling CBE (born 23 October 1945 in Sudbury, Suffolk) is a British contemporary painter and sculptor. Hambling first studied art under at the Amberfield School in Nacton. She then studied at the East Anglian School of Painting and Drawing from 1960, then at Ipswich School of Art (1962–64), Camberwell (1964–67), and finally the Slade School of Art, graduating in 1969.

In 1995, she was awarded the Jerwood Painting Prize. In the same year she was awarded an OBE for her services to painting, followed by a CBE in 2010. Hambling’s celebrated series of North Sea paintings have continued since late 2002.

Portraits form part of Hambling’s oeuvre, with several works in the National Portrait Gallery, London. Women feature prominently in her portrait series. Her wider body of work is held in many public collections including the British Museum, Tate Collection, National Gallery, Scottish Gallery of Modern Art and the Victoria and Albert Museum. More on Maggi Hambling 

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08 CLASSIC WORKS OF ART, MARINE PAINTINGS – WITH FOOTNOTES, #39

Charles Edward Dixon, (British, 1872-1934)

‘Oak, Hemp, and Powder, Trafalgar, 1805′ , c. /1920’ (lower right)

Gouache

118.5 x 241cm (46 5/8 x 94 7/8in)

Private collection

The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).

Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under the French Admiral Villeneuve in the Atlantic off the southwest coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar, in Caños de Meca. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost. It was the most decisive naval battle of the war, conclusively ending French plans to invade England.

The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the eighteenth century and was achieved in part through Nelson’s departure from the prevailing naval tactical orthodoxy.

Nelson was shot by a French musketeer during the battle and died shortly after, becoming one of Britain’s greatest war heroes. Villeneuve was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Admiral Federico Gravina, the senior Spanish flag officer, escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle. Villeneuve attended Nelson’s funeral while a captive on parole in Britain. The Battle of Trafalgar

Charles Edward Dixon (8 December 1872 – 12 September 1934) was a British maritime painter of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, whose work was highly successful and regularly exhibited at the Royal Academy. Several of his paintings are held by the National Maritime Museum and he was a regular contributing artist to magazines and periodicals. He lived at Itchenor in Sussex and died in 1934. More on Charles Edward Dixon

Charles Edward Dixon, (British, 1872-1934)

The Trafalgar off Greenwich , 1932

Watercolour and bodycolour

52 x 75.5cm

Private collection

Greenwich is located within the Royal Borough of Greenwich, to which it lends its name. Notable for its maritime history and for giving its name to the Greenwich Meridian and Greenwich Mean Time. 

The town became a popular resort in the 18th century. The maritime connections of Greenwich were celebrated in the 20th century, with the siting of the Cutty Sark and Gipsy Moth IV next to the river front, and the National Maritime Museum in the former buildings of the Royal Hospital School in 1934. Greenwich formed part of Kent until 1889 when the County of London was created. More on Greenwich

 

Charles Edward Dixon, (British, 1872-1934), see above

 

Hayley Lever, 1876 – 1958

GLOUCESTER HARBOR

Oil on canvas laid down on Masonite

13 by 16 inches, (33 by 40.6 cm)

Private collection

Gloucester, on Cape Ann in Essex County, Massachusetts, in the United States. It is part of Massachusetts’ North Shore.  An important center of the fishing industry and a popular summer destination, Gloucester consists of an urban core on the north side of the harbor and the outlying neighborhoods. More on Gloucester

 

Richard Hayley Lever (28 September 1875 – 6 December 1958) was an Australian-American painter, etcher, lecturer and art teacher. Lever was born in Bowden, South Australia. He excelled in painting classes at Prince Alfred College, and on leaving school continued to study at his Norwood art school. He was a charter member of the Adelaide Easel Club in 1892.

An inheritance was sufficient for Lever to finance a trip to England in 1899 to further his career in painting. He moved to St. Ives. The town’s reputation as a centre for marine painting. He studied painting techniques under the Impressionists Olsson and Algernon Talmage. Lever also painted in the French port villages of Douarnenez and Concarneau, Brittany.

In late 1904 Lever made a trip back to Adelaide, where he staged several exhibitions, painted seascapes and taught. In 1906 he returned to Europe 

In 1911, an Impressionist painter, persuaded Lever to move to America, saying he would have greater success there. From 1919 to 1931, Lever taught art classes at the Art Students League of New York. Lever went to Pittsburgh in 1922 as an art juror for the Carnegie International exhibition.

In 1924, Lever was commissioned to paint a portrait of the presidential yacht, Mayflower, which was subsequently presented to President Calvin Coolidge. By 1930, Lever had moved to Caldwell, New Jersey, staying there until 1938, when he moved to Mount Vernon, New York. While living in New York, Lever painted marines and landscapes in New Jersey, Vermont, New England, New York and the Canadian Maritimes. Throughout his life, he traveled and painted extensively, including Nova Scotia and Grand Manan Island in Canada, the Bahamas and Florida, while often returning to Europe. In 1933, Hayley was named Director of the Green Mountains summer art school at Smugglers Notch, Stowe Vermont. Lever also taught painting classes at the Forum School of Art in Bronxville, New York from 1934 to 1935. More on Richard Hayley Lever

 

Louis Charles Moeller, 1855 – 1930

DISCUSSING THE CATCH

Oil on canvas

12 by 16 inches, (30.5 by 40.6 cm)

Private collection

Louis Charles Moeller (born in New York City, 5 August 1855; died in Weehawken, New Jersey, 1930) was a United States genre painter. He was the son of a decorative painter, with whom he served a three years’ apprenticeship. He then studied painting in New York, and in Munich. His meager resources obligated him to return from Munich back home to New York in 1883, where he again devoted himself to decorative painting.

The year of his return, he sent “A Girl in a Snow-Storm” to the National Academy of Design. His second work, “Puzzled,” gained him the Hallgarten Prize, and election as an associate to the National Academy in 1884. He was made a National Academician in 1895. More on Louis Charles Moeller

 

William Trost Richards, 1833 – 1905

EBBING TIDE, c. 1891

 oil on canvas

20 1/2 by 40 1/2 inches, (52.1 by 102.9 cm)

Private collection

William Trost Richards (June 3, 1833 – November 8, 1905) was an American landscape artist. He was associated with both the Hudson River School and the American Pre-Raphaelite movement. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Between 1850 and 1855 he studied part-time with the German artist Paul Weber while working as designer and illustrator of ornamental metalwork. Richards first public showing was part of an exhibition in New Bedford, Massachusetts, organized by artist Albert Bierstadt in 1858.

In 1862 he was elected honorary member of the National Academy of Design and Academician in 1871. In 1863, he became a member of the Association of the Advanced of Truth in Art, an American Pre-Raphaelite group. In 1866, he departed for Europe for one year. Upon his return and for the following six years he spent the summers on the East Coast.

In the 1870s, he produced many acclaimed watercolor views of the White Mountains, several of which are now in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Richards exhibited at the National Academy of Design from 1861 to 1899, and at the Brooklyn Art Association from 1863 to 1885. He was elected a full member of the National Academy in 1871.

He died on April 17, 1905 in Newport, Rhode Island. More on William Trost Richards

 

Francis Augustus Silva, 1835 – 1886

LATE AFTERNOON

Oil on canvas

18 by 30 inches, (45.8 by 76.2 cm)

Private collection

Francis Augustus Silva, 1835 – 1886; was born in New York City in 1835. Silva never received formal training as an artist but manifested artistic talent from an early age. At thirteen he exhibited ink drawings at the Annual Fair of the American Institute of the City of New York. He set up his first studio in 1858, but his career as a painter was put on hold when he joined the New York militia and served in the Civil War. In 1868, Silva was discharged from the military. The same year, he had his first exhibit at the National Academy of Design, which marked the start of his painting career. 

Throughout most of the 1870s Silva kept a studio in New York City and took frequent painting trips along the East Coast. He developed his brand of dramatically lit, atmospheric Luminism from painting marine subjects  His fondness for harbor views surrounding his native city was evidenced in the boat and shipwreck scenes of Brooklyn and Long Island he exhibited at the Brooklyn Art Association exhibitions (1869–1885). Around 1880 Silva moved to Long Branch, New Jersey but kept a studio in the famous Tenth Street Studio Building in New York City. He painted scenes along the New Jersey coasts until his death in 1886. More on Francis Augustus Silva

 

Francis Augustus Silva, 1835 – 1886

EARLY MOONRISE, CONEY ISLAND

Oil on canvas

12 by 20 inches

(30.5 by 50.8 cm)

Private collection

Francis Augustus Silva, 1835 – 1886, see above

 

Emil Carlsen, 1853 – 1932

BREAKERS, c. 1908

Oil on canvas

28 by 34 inches, (71.1 by 86.3 cm)

Private collection

Soren Emil Carlsen (October 19, 1853 – January 2, 1932, New York City, U.S.) was an American Impressionist painter who emigrated to the United States from Denmark. He became known for his still lifes. In an era when many artists succumbed to the pressure resulting from The Armory Show to follow modernistic “developments” Carlsen remained faithful to his inborn aesthetic sense. Later in his career Carlsen expanded his range of subjects and becoming known for landscapes and marines as well.

During his long career he won many of the most important honors in American art and was elected to membership in the National Academy of Design. For more than forty years he was also a respected teacher in Chicago, San Francisco and New York. More on Soren Emil Carlsen

Acknowledgement: Sotheby’s, and others

Images are copyright of their respective owners, assignees or others

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08 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings – With Footnotes, #37

Thomas Somerscales, 1842-1927

A SHIP OF THE LINE 100 YEARS AGO, c. 1900

Oil on canvas

70 by 106cm., 27½ by 42in.

Private collection

The author Alex Hurst commented, the ship’s hull paint suggests she is a little earlier than 1800, however she has double dolphin strikers which were not introduced into the British Navy until around 1900. Somerscales depicts the ship hove to with her main yards backed as whalers approach. In the distance, another ship can be seen with her ‘stun’-sails’ – the additional sails seen extended outside the normal sail plan – set. These were almost obsolete by the twentieth century. More on this painting

Thomas Jacques Somerscales (born in Kingston upon Hull on 29 October 1842; died 27 June 1927) was an English marine painter. He is also considered a Chilean painter as he began his career there and many of his landscapes evoke the region.

His father was a shipmaster, who sketched, and his uncle was an amateur painter. However he had no formal training as an artist and originally became a teacher in the Royal Navy. He also traveled around the Pacific and while teaching in Valparaíso he started working as a professional painter. By 1893 he was still referred to as a “little known artist” but had gained some praise. More on Thomas Jacques Somerscales

 

Thomas Bush Hardy

Blake and Von Tromp in the Straits of Dover, May 1652 , 1873

Watercolour

72 x 125cm; 28¼ x 49in

Private collection

Relations with England became increasingly strained after the Navigation Act (1651), which was passed to restrict Dutch trade with British possessions, while much resentment was also caused by the English claim to sovereignty over the seas.

A skirmish with Adm. Robert Blake off Dover in May 1652 resulted in the First Anglo-Dutch War, which marked a crisis in the rivalry between England and the Netherlands as carriers of world trade. Although Von Tromp was unable to stir the English admirals to action later in the year—for which he was censured by the Dutch authorities, who even kept him from his command for some months—he defeated Blake off Dungeness in December. But the English fleet was superior to the Dutch; Tromp was unable to continue his successes and lost the three-day battle between Portland and Calais (March 1653), as well as the Battle of Gabbard in June. Tromp was killed in the battle off Terheijde near Scheveningen. More on this battle

 

Thomas Bush Hardy (1842, Sheffield – 1897, Maida Vale, London) was a British marine painter and watercolourist. As a young man he travelled in the Netherlands and Italy. In 1884 Hardy was elected a Member of the Royal Society of British Artists. He exhibited with the Society and also at the Royal Academy.

His paintings feature coastal scenes in England and the Netherlands, the French Channel ports and the Venetian Lagoon.

Hardy had nine children. His son Dudley Hardy was a painter, illustrator and poster designer. His daughter Dorothy received an MBE after working as a nurse in the First World War. He died on 15 December 1897 in Maida Vale, London. More on Thomas Bush Hardy

 

Albert Goodwin, RWS (British, 1845-1932)

‘We were the first that ever did burst into that silent sea’, c. 1917/18′

Watercolour with scratching out 

36.5 x 53.3cm (14 3/8 x 21in).

Private collection

The title and subject of this work seem to have been inspired by an excerpt from The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge. More on this painting

Albert Goodwin RWS (1845–1932) was a notable English landscape painter specialising in watercolours. His work shows the influences of Turner and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.


Goodwin was born in Maidstone in Kent. After leaving school he became an apprentice draper. His exceptional artistic ability was recognised at an early age and he went on to study with the Pre-Raphaelite artists Arthur Hughes and Ford Madox Brown.


At the age of 15 his first painting was exhibited at the Royal Academy. He became an associate member of the Royal Watercolour Society (RWS) in 1876. He was championed by famed art critic John Ruskin who took him on a tour of Europe, where he made many sketches from nature which were later turned into watercolours. 


Goodwin was a prolific artist, producing over 800 works and continuing to paint well into his eighties. His wide variety of landscape subjects reflected his love of travel and show the influence of Turner. In later works he developed experimental techniques such as using ink over water color to achieve atmospheric lighting effects. His works are also an important record of social history. More on Albert Goodwin 

A. Felgate, (British 19th Century) 

The U.S. Frigate Sabine 

Watercolor on paper

10-1/4 x 14 in (26 x 35.5 cm)

Private collection

 

The first USS Sabine was a sailing frigate built by the United States Navy in 1855. The ship was among the first ships to see action in the American Civil War. In 1862, a large portion of the USS Monitor crew were volunteers from the Sabine.


She was built at the New York Navy Yard. Her keel was laid in 1822, but she was not launched until 3 February 1855. During this period, she underwent various alterations, the most extensive being a lengthening of her hull by twenty feet. Built essentially from Brandywine plans, she was commissioned on 23 August 1858, Capt. Henry A. Adams in command. More on the USS Sabine

Terrick Williams, 1860-1936

THE QUAYSIDE, CONCARNEAU

Oil on canvas

35.5 by 61cm., 14 by 24in.

Private collection

Concarneau (meaning Bay of Cornwall) is a commune in the Finistère department of Brittany in north-western France.

The town has two distinct areas: the modern town on the mainland and the medieval Ville Close, a walled town on a long island in the centre of the harbour. Historically, the old town was a centre of shipbuilding. The Ville Close is connected to the town by a bridge and at the other end a ferry to the village of Lanriec on the other side of the harbour. More on Concarneau

John Terrick Williams RA (20 July 1860 – 20 July 1936). Williams was born in Liverpool, England, the son of a businessman. He was educated at Kings College School, London. Determination to become an artist he move to Europe and studied under Charles Verlat in Antwerp and later at the Académie Julian and Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant, William-Adolphe Bouguereau and Tony Robert-Fleury in Paris.

Williams focussed on landscape and marine subjects and painted in oil, pastel and watercolour. He travelled extensively and his impressionistic, luminous paintings sought the transient effects of light and reflections in Venice, St. Tropez, Paris, Brittany and St. Ives.

He was elected a member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours in 1904. His work was regularly exhibited at the Royal Academy from 1891. He was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy (A.R.A.) on 18 November 1924, a Royal Academician (R.A.) on 14 February 1933, and a Senior R.A. on 1 January 1936. In 1933 he was also elected President of the RI. He died on his birthday in 1936 aged 76. After his death a memorial exhibition was held at the Fine Art Society in 1937. More on John Terrick Williams

Edward Seago, R.W.S., 1910-1974

THAMES BARGES ON THE ORWELL

Oil on board

36 by 51cm., 14 by 20in.

Private collection

The River Orwell flows through the county of Suffolk in England. Its source river, above the tidal limit at Stoke Bridge, is known as the River Gipping. It broadens into an estuary at Ipswich where the Ipswich dock has operated since the 7th century and then flows into the North Sea at Felixstowe after joining with the River Stour at Shotley. The large Orwell Bridge carries the A14 trunk road over the estuary to the south of Ipswich. More on The River Orwell

Edward Brian Seago, 1910–1974; was a British painter, writer, and illustrator, born in Norwich. He was confined to bed for much of his childhood, had little formal education, and was mainly self-taught as an artist. From 1928 to 1933 he travelled with circuses in Britain and abroad, and he wrote three illustrated books on the circus in the 1930s. However, he became best known for landscapes and portraits.

During the Second World War he served as a camouflage officer and after being invalided from the army in 1944 he was invited by Field Marshal Alexander to paint scenes of the Italian campaign in 1945. In 1953 he was appointed an official Coronation artist and in 1956–7 he accompanied the Duke of Edinburgh on a world tour.  More Seago

Frank Duveneck, 1848 – 1919

The Wharf at Gloucester Harbor , 1917

oil on canvas

 28″ x 36″

Private collection

Some of the first settlers in Gloucester used the Seven Seas Wharf for the processing of fish to be shipped to England, and South America in exchange for salt, clothing and other essentials of daily life. Gloucester men had exchanged salt fish for molasses in the West Indies. They then made rum on this wharf from the molasses. Much of the rum was then shipped to England for finished manufactured goods that the early colonists needed. Some of the supporting beams of this wharf were once main masts of old fishing schooners and clipper ships joined together by treenails (oaken pegs) ten inches long. More on The Wharf at Gloucester Harbor

 

Frank Duveneck, (born October 9, 1848, Covington, Kentucky, U.S.—died January 3, 1919, Cincinnati, Ohio), American painter, sculptor, and art teacher who helped awaken American interest in European naturalism. At age 21 Duveneck studied in Germany with Wilhelm Dietz at the Munich Academy and was greatly influenced by the works of Frans Hals, Rembrandt, and Peter Paul Rubens. His success was immediate, and in 1871 he won a medal from the Bavarian Royal Academy. Fellow artists and critics responded to his bold, vital brushstrokes and strong contrasts of light and dark. Two years later, he arranged his first solo exhibition in Munich, further establishing his international reputation.

After returning to the United States in 1873 and settling in Cincinnati, Ohio, Duveneck burst upon the American scene with an exhibition in Boston in 1875. His work was characterized by dark, earthy colours and broad, painterly brushwork clearly reminiscent of the European masters Duveneck admired. Both the writer Henry James and the artist William Morris Hunt championed Duveneck’s art. Although emboldened by this response, Duveneck returned to Munich and sent works to exhibitions in the United States. More Frank Duveneck

 

GEZA/GORDON MARICH ( Canadian 1913 – 1982 )

 Fishing Hut on Rocky Coast

Oil on canvas

16″ x 20″ (40.64 x 50.8 cm.)

Private collection

Gordon Geza Marich was born in Hungary in 1913. He studied art in Budapest and emigrated to Canada in 1957. It is generally accepted that his death occurred in 1975, although some conflicting reports indicate that he died in 1985.  Widely collected, Marich painted many different subjects, including the city center of Montreal, Quebec. Its tables are displayed in the National Museum of Art in Budapest galleries in Ottawa and Toronto, and in private collections around the world. His work evolved towards abstraction, including the extensive use of a palette knife. More on Gordon Geza Marich

Bernardus Johannes Blommers, (Dutch, 1845-1914)

Bringing in the catch 

Watercolour and bodycolour

35.3 x 53.0cm (13 7/8 x 20 7/8in)

Private collection

Bernardus Johannes (Bernard) Blommers (30 January 1845 in The Hague – 12 December 1914 in The Hague) was a Dutch etcher and painter of the Hague School.

He learned lithography early in his career, and then studied at the Hague Akademie under Johan Philip Koelman until 1868. His early paintings were mostly genre works depicting fishermen and their wives, heavily influenced by Jozef Israëls. The later works (from about 1890) are more loosely painted, although maritime and genre scenes remained the primary subject matter. His work was critically successful during his lifetime, being sought after by English, Scottish and American collectors. Blommers was also active as a teacher; among his pupils was the American painter Caroline van Hook Bean, who became his daughter-in-law in 1913. More on Bernardus Johannes

 

Henri Matisse, 1869 – 1954

The Bay of Nice, c.  1918

Oil on canvas

71 x 90 cm

Private Collection

The Promenade des Anglais is a promenade along the Mediterranean at Nice, France. It extends from the airport on the west to the Quai des États-Unis on the east, a distance of approximately 7 km. 

Starting in the second half of the 18th century, the English aristocracy took to spending the winter in Nice, enjoying the panorama along the coast. In 1820, when a particularly harsh winter up north brought an influx of beggars to Nice, some of the English proposed a useful project for them: the construction of a walkway along the sea.

The city of Nice, intrigued by the prospect of a pleasant promenade, greatly increased the scope of the work. The Promenade was first called the Camin deis Anglés. After the annexation of Nice by France in 1860 it was rechristened La Promenade des Anglais. More on Nice

Henri-Émile-Benoît Matisse (31 December 1869 – 3 November 1954) was a French artist, known for both his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter.

Matisse is commonly regarded, along with Pablo Picasso, as one of the artists who best helped to define the revolutionary developments in the visual arts throughout the opening decades of the twentieth century, responsible for significant developments in painting and sculpture. Along with Picasso, Matisse helped to define and influence radical contemporary art in the 20th century. Although he was initially labelled a Fauve, by the 1920s he was increasingly hailed as an upholder of the classical tradition in French painting. His mastery of the expressive language of colour and drawing, displayed in a body of work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art. More on Henri Matisse

Sara Roberts, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Into The Void, c. 2017

Oil on Canvas.

33.9 H x 25.2 W x 1 in

Private Collection

Sara Roberts graduated with a Bachelor of Visual Arts  in Printmedia in 2011 and recently finished her Masters of Fine Arts in Painting at Sydney College of the Arts. She is an Australian visual artist who works primarily in oil paint. Often meditating on specific locations, her work reflects memories of places that she has been, interwoven with more idyllic and imagined elements of the environment. Born in Sydney and having grown up in Mexico, France, Sweden and Poland, the feeling of being foreign in an unfamiliar land was an influential one. Her oil paintings come to life through a constant process of accumulation and reduction: thoughtful yet fluid in her approach, she may patiently revisit the same painting again and again, adding and removing layers over time. More on Sara Roberts

Acknowledgement: Sotheby’sSaatchi Art, and others


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10 CLASSIC WORKS OF ART, MARINE PAINTINGS – WITH FOOTNOTES, #36

Brian Coole, b. 1939

USS Franklin Enters New York Harbor

Oil on Board

15″ x 22 1/2″, frame 23″ x 29″

Private collection

USS Franklin of the United States Navy was a 74-gun ship of the line. Built in 1815, she was the first vessel to be laid down at the Philadelphia Navy Yard.

Franklin sailed on her first cruise on 14 October 1817, when under the command of Master Commandant H. E. Ballard she proceeded from Philadelphia to the Mediterranean. Subsequently she was designated flagship of the Mediterranean Squadron, cruising on that station until March 1820. She returned to New York City on 24 April 1820.

From 11 October 1821 until 29 August 1824 she served as flagship on the Pacific Squadron. Franklin was laid up in ordinary until the summer of 1838 when she was ordered to Boston as a receiving ship. She continued in this capacity until 1852 at which time she was taken to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, razed and broken up. More on the USS Franklin 

Brian Coole, born in Edgeware, Middlesex, England, February 14th 1939. Irish parentage, strongest affiliation USA. Still living.

Entirely self-taught. Visits to public museums and galleries give his claimed influences of William Wyllie through a spectrum ranging to Rembrandt and Canaletto, although in the US, his work is compared to that of Fitz Hugh Lane.

Was commissioned, in 2001 to paint Three historical ship portraits for The Royal Naval Museum (United Kingdom)”” for permanent display. More on Brian Coole

Thomas Thompson, 1877 – 1917

The U. S. Ship Franklin, with a View of the Bay of New York, c. 1820s or 1830s

Oil on canvas

30 x 65 in. (76.2 x 165.1 cm)

Metropolitan Museum

The U. S. Ship Franklin, see above

Thomas John “Tom” Thomson (August 5, 1877 – July 8, 1917) was an influential Canadian artist of the early 20th century. He directly influenced a group of Canadian painters that would come to be known as the Group of Seven, and though he died before they formally formed, he is sometimes incorrectly credited as being a member of the group itself. Thomson died under mysterious circumstances on Canoe Lake in Algonquin Park. More on Thomas Thompson

Brian Coole, b. 1939

Battle of USS Constitution vs HMS Guerriere

Oil on board

22″ x 27″, frame 31″ x 36″

Private collection

The first major naval encounter of the War of 1812 took place between the USS Constitution, commanded by Captain Isaac Hull, and the HMS British Guerriere, commanded by Captain Dacres. The two ships were both rated as frigates and carried similar armaments. The British captain was sure of victory, and before the encounter he was reported to have said- “There is a Yankee Frigate: in forty five minutes she is surely ours take her and I promise you four months pay.”

As the two ships approached each other, the British kept up a steady fire of long-range cannon fire. The early shell bounced off the hull of the Constitution without causing any damage. It is said that a cry went up “hurrah- her sides are made of iron!”- Thus her name soon became “Old Ironside”. When the two ships were 25 feet apart, Hull gave the order to open fire. The cannon hit the Geurrier with devastating effect. Within a short time all the masts of the Guerriere were down and Dacres had no choice but to surrender. While the victory of the Constitution militarily was a modest success, its political effect was substantial. It solidified support from New England for the war effort and countered the poor war news coming from the Canadian front. More on the USS Constitution defeated the HMS Guerriere 

Brian Coole, see above

 

Pierre Bonnard, (1867 – 1947)

Signac et ses amis en barque/ Signac and Friends Sailing, c. 1924

Oil on canvas

24×20 inches 

Kunsthaus Zürich – Zurich Switzerland

Pierre Bonnard (3 October 1867 — 23 January 1947) was a French painter and printmaker, as well as a founding member of the Post-Impressionist group of avant-garde painters Les Nabis. Bonnard preferred to work from memory, using drawings as a reference, and his paintings are often characterized by a dreamlike quality. The intimate domestic scenes, for which he is perhaps best known, often include his wife Marthe de Meligny.

Bonnard has been described as “the most thoroughly idiosyncratic of all the great twentieth- century painters”, and the unusual vantage points of his compositions rely less on traditional modes of pictorial structure than voluptuous color, poetic allusions and visual wit. Identified as a late practitioner of Impressionism in the early 20th century, Bonnard has since been recognized for his unique use of color and his complex imagery. More on Pierre Bonnard

 

Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida, 1863 – 1923

Bulls in the Sea

Oil, canvas

131 cm (51.57 in.), Width: 190 cm (74.8 in.)

Private collection

Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (27 February 1863 – 10 August 1923) was a Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the sunlight of his native land. More on Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida

 

Karen Tarlton, b. 1965

 Nyhavn, Copenhagen

Oil on canvas

16×20

Private collection

Nyhavn (New Harbour) is a 17th-century waterfront, canal and entertainment district in Copenhagen, Denmark. Stretching from Kongens Nytorv to the harbour front just south of the Royal Playhouse, it is lined by brightly coloured 17th and early 18th century townhouses and bars, cafes and restaurants. The canal harbours many historical wooden ships. More on Nyhavn 

Karen Tarlton was born in 1965 in Riverside, California. During childhood, her family moved frequently, finally settling in beautiful Lake Tahoe. Even as a child, Karen saw beauty in everything and spent many hours drawing and painting the world around her. She attended The University of California at Davis, where she took her very first art classes. Karen began her art career after her husband joined the Air Force and they traveled from city to city for 23 years. Traveling greatly influenced her art; she has painted every place they lived.

“In every aspect of every painting there are two things that are important to me: The first is the power of expression, style and quality, and the second is that my art needs to make people happy. .” – Karen Tarlton. More on Karen Tarlton

 

Dorie Cook

Pilgrim

Acrylic on masonite

18″ x 24″.

Private collection

The Pilgrim was a sailing brig (180 tons, 86.5 feet (26.4 m) long) engaged in the California hide trade of the early 19th century. Although just one among many other ships engaged in the business, the Pilgrim was immortalized by one of her sailors, Richard Henry Dana, Jr., who wrote the classic account Two Years Before the Mast about its 1834 voyage between Boston and California.

The Pilgrim was built in 1825 for Boston owners Bryant, Sturgis & Co., and went down in a fire at sea in 1856. More on The Pilgrim 

Dorie Cook. Traveling between the west and east coast of the United States has allowed Dorie Cook’s passion to broaden further with diverse locations to put paint to canvas. She has studied under several master artists: Joseph Mugnaini, printmaker, author and professor of drawing at Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles, California; Milford Zornes, nationally acclaimed watercolorist; Sergei Bongart, internationally acclaimed Russian impressionist; Corinne Hartley, internationally recognized impressionist and sculptor.

Painting in a variety of styles and mediums over the years has broadened the color and design in her work. Medium of choice is oils, but Dorie is equally proficient in watercolor, acrylics, pen and ink, and printmaking. More on Dorie Cook

Dorie Cook

The Bostonian

Acrylic on masonite

18″ x 24″

Private collection

The Bostonian was a 1033 Ton ship, built at East Boston in 1854 by Donald McKay; a Canadian-born American designer and builder of sailing ships.

Marzena Bis, (b. 1987)

Sea II, c. 2017

Oil on canvas

80 x 80 cm

Private collection

Marzena Bis  (born 1987) , is active/lives in Poland. 

Mariusz Brzyzek,  (b. 1984)

Boads, c. 2017

Acrylic on canvas

80 x 90 cm

Private collection

Mariusz Brzyzek,  (b. 1984), is a graduate of the Cracow Film School, specializing in film animation. He has always been interested in painting, drawing and music. In painting, the most appreciates street / urban art. By contrast, he was never a man working in these circles. However, the work of artists of this genre is a significant source of inspiration for him. He loves paintings that primarily function as decorative, but also give a lot to think of, and allow a moment to ponder. More on Mariusz Brzyzek

Katarzyna Srodowska, (b. 1971)

Fishing rods, c. 2017

Oil on canvas

90 x 130 cm

Private collection

Katarzyna Srodowska is a Polish visual artist who was born in 1971. Several works by the artist have been sold at auction, including ‘Untitled’ sold at Desa Unicum ‘Young Polish Artists’ in 2017.

ARTIST STATEMENT: “My paintings are created to be looked at. To me, a painting is not obliged to anything. It does not need to present the world, nor pretend anything. It just needs to be as it is, make us willing to look at it and be with, or on the contrary, attract us but make it impossible to be in its constant presence. It needs to be the colour, the light and the matter. An emotion tied to its perception.” More on Katarzyna Srodowska 

Katarzyna Srodowska (b. 1971)

Fishing rods, c. 2017

Detail

Katarzyna Srodowska (b. 1971), see above

This time I have tried to add some contemporary artists. It has been a challenge finding any pertinent biographical information.

Images are copyright of their respective owners, assignees or others

We do not sell art prints, framed posters or reproductions. Ads are shown only to compensate the hosting expenses.

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15 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings – With Footnotes, #35

Leslie Arthur Wilcox, British, 1904-1982 

The USS ‘United States’ Engaging the HMS ‘Macedonian’ , c. 1977

Oil on canvas 

24 x 36 inches

Private collection

The battle between these two frigates was fought near Madeira on October 25, 1812, the ‘United States’ being commanded by Steven Decater. After a long, bloody battle, the ‘United States’ captured the ‘Macedonian’ and escorted her to Newport, the first British warship ever brought into an American harbor. The British frigate was later recommissoned by the US Navy as the USS ‘Macedonian’ and remained in service until 1836. More on this painting

Leslie Arthur Wilcox, RI, RSMA (13 March 1904 – 11 January 1982) was an eminent British artist known mainly as a marine artist working in oils. He was also a watercolourist, illustrator, poster artist, marine model-maker and author. He was for some years Honorary Secretary of the Royal Society of Marine Artists and a member of the Royal Institute of Painters in Water Colours. His works are in many collections around the world, including the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, and the Royal Collection. He wrote and illustrated two books on maritime history: Mr Pepys’ Navy (1966 G. Bell & Sons Ltd., London) and Anson’s Voyage (1969 G. Bell & Sons, Ltd., London). More on Leslie Arthur Wilcox

Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973) 

The Torrens in California Waters

oil on canvas

28 × 42 in

Private collection

Torrens (1875 – 1910) was a clipper ship designed to carry passengers and cargo between London and Port Adelaide, South Australia. She was the fastest ship to sail on that route

It is likely that the vessel was named in honour of Colonel Robert Torrens, a principal exponent of the economic benefits of nineteenth-century colonial trade. 

The Torrens was aimed at the upper end of the market – accommodation was first and second class passengers only. Apart from the crew, she carried “a surgeon, a stewardess and a good cow”

She lost her foremast and main topmast in 1891, and while being refitting in Pernambuco a fire broke out on board. On the evening of 11 January 1899 she struck an iceberg some 40 km south west of the Crozet Islands and limped into Adelaide dismasted, with her bow stoved in. In 1906 the Torrens was sold for £1,500 (she cost £27,257 to build) to an Italian shipping line, but after running her ashore, she was sent to the shipbreakers. They were however so taken by her aesthetic appearance that they refused to break her up, and repaired her instead. But it was not long before she again ran aground. She was finally broken up at Genoa in 1910. More on the Torrens 

Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973) was a British painter who was renowned as a maritime artist. His most famous paintings depict sailing ships, usually clippers or warships of the 18th and 19th centuries. Montague was the son of a keen yachtsman and the grandson of the marine painter Henry Dawson (18111878), born in Chiswick, London. Much of his childhood was spent on Southampton Water where he was able to indulge his interest in the study of ships. For a brief period around 1910 Dawson worked for a commercial art studio in Bedford Row, London, but with the outbreak of the First World War he joined the Royal Navy. Whilst serving with the Navy in Falmouth he met Charles Napier Hemy (18411917), who considerably influenced his work. In 1924 Dawson was the official artist for an Expedition to the South Seas by the steam yacht St.George. During the expedition he provided illustrated reports to the Graphic magazine.

After the War, Dawson established himself as a professional marine artist, concentrating on historical subjects and portraits of deep-water sailing ships. During the Second World War, he was employed as a war artist. Dawson exhibited regularly at the Royal Society of Marine Artists, of which he became a member, from 1946 to 1964, and occasionally at the Royal Academy between 1917 and 1936. By the 1930s he was considered one of the greatest living marine artists, whose patrons included two American Presidents, Dwight D Eisenhower and Lyndon B Johnson, as well as the British Royal Family. Also in the 1930s, he moved to Milford-Upon-Sea in Hampshire, living there for many years. Dawson is noted for the strict accuracy in the nautical detail of his paintings which often sell for six figures.

The work of Montague Dawson is represented in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich and the Royal Naval Museum, Portsmouth. More on Montague Dawson

 

James E. Buttersworth, 1817 to 1894.

The Clipper Ship “Flying Cloud” off the Needles, Isle of Wight, 1859-1860.

Oil on canvas

The Needles is a row of three distinctive stacks of chalk that rise about 30m out of the sea off the western extremity of the Isle of Wight, United Kingdom, close to Alum Bay, and part of Totland, the westernmost Civil Parish of the Isle of Wight. The Needles Lighthouse stands at the outer, western end of the formation. Built in 1859, it has been automated since 1994.

The formation takes its name from a fourth needle-shaped pillar called Lot’s Wife, that collapsed in a storm in 1764. The remaining rocks are not at all needle-like, but the name has stuck. More on The Needles

 

The Flying Cloud of 1851 was the most famous of the extreme clippers built by Donald McKay in East Boston, Massachusetts. The Flying Cloud was purchased at launching by Grinnell, Minturn & Co., of New York, for $90,000, which represented a huge profit for Train & Co. Within six weeks she sailed from New York and made San Francisco ’round Cape Horn in 89 days, 21 hours under the command of Captain Josiah Perkins Creesy. In the early days of the California Gold Rush, it took more than 200 days for a ship to travel from New York to San Francisco.. On the 31st of July, during the trip, she made 374 miles in 24 hours. In 1853 she beat her own record by 13 hours, a world beating record that stood for 136 years, until 1989 when the breakthrough-designed sailboat Thursday’s Child completed the passage in 80 days, 20 hours.

James Edward Buttersworth (British/American, 1817-1894)

The American clipper ship Flying Cloud, c. 1854

Oil on canvas

20 x 30 in

Private collection

The American clipper ship Flying Cloud, Scudding in a Gale of Wind off Cape Horn

on her record-breaking voyage to San Francisco around Cape Horn in 89 days, April 20th 1854.

Apparently, Flying Cloud and her record breaking passage between New York and San Francisco was one of James E. Buttersworth’s favorite clipper ship subjects. In addition to this one, and the one sold at these sale rooms last year [Bonhams, Important Maritime Paintings & Decorative Arts, January 2013, Sale 20482, Lot 113] (below), the one listed in the Grassby book, Ship, Sea & Sky, and another one listed in the Schaefer (further down) book makes four paintings, all the same size and period, circa 1854. More on this painting

Cape Horn, named after the city of Hoorn in the Netherlands, is the southernmost headland of the Tierra del Fuego archipelago of southern Chile, and is located on the small Hornos Island. Although not the most southerly point of South America, Cape Horn marks the northern boundary of the Drake Passage and marks where the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans meet.

For decades, Cape Horn was a major milestone on the clipper route, by which sailing ships carried trade around the world. The waters around Cape Horn are particularly hazardous, owing to strong winds, large waves, strong currents and icebergs; these dangers have made it notorious as a sailors’ graveyard.

The need for ships to round Cape Horn was greatly reduced by the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914. More on Cape Horn

James Edward Buttersworth (British/American, 1817-1894)

The clippership Flying Cloud coming out of a hurricane, circa 1855

Oil on canvas

20 x 30 in. (50.8 x 76.2 cm.)

Private collection

The Flying Cloud’s achievement was remarkable under any terms. But, was all the more unusual because her navigator was a woman, Eleanor Creesy. She was one of the first navigators to exploit the insights of Matthew Fontaine Maury, most notably the course recommended in his Sailing Directions. With her husband, ship captain Josiah Perkins Creesy More on Flying Cloud

James Edward Buttersworth (British/American, 1817-1894)

The Clipper “Flying Cloud” off Cape Horn, circa 1855

Oil on board 

Height: 50.8 cm (20 in.), Width: 76.2 cm (30 in.) 

Private collection

Cape Horn, see above

James E. Buttersworth, 1817 to 1894, see below

Raymond A. Massey 

Flying Cloud Entering Hong Kong 1851

Print, Edition: 250

26 1/2″ x 21″

Private collection

Victoria Harbour is a natural landform harbour situated between Hong Kong Island and Kowloon in Hong Kong. The harbour’s deep, sheltered waters and strategic location on the South China Sea were instrumental in Hong Kong’s establishment as a British colony and its subsequent development as a trading centre. More on Victoria Harbour

Born in Newscastle-on-Tyne, England, Raymond A. Massey is a self-taught artist who came to the United States when he was 10 and made his home in Buffalo, New York since the age of 14. A member of the Nautical Research Guild, he was elected an artist member of the American Society of Marine Artists, which was established in 1978 to encourage the preservation and appreciation of maritime history through art. 

Massey’s works have appeared in numerous art shows and galleries from coast-to-coast in the United Stares, and Canada. 

He is also published a number of books, and once wrote about historic Buffalo for the Buffalo Courier Express and illustrated historic Buffalo features in that newspaper. More on Raymond A. Massey 

 

Johan-Barthold Jongkind, 1819-1891. Paris.

Dutch landscape with a caulking barge, c. 1857.

Louvre

Johan Barthold Jongkind (3 June 1819 – 9 February 1891) was a Dutch painter and printmaker. He painted marine landscapes in a free manner and is regarded as a forerunner of Impressionism. Jongkind was born in the Netherlands. Trained at the art academy in The Hague, in 1846 he moved to Montparnasse in Paris, France where he studied under Eugène Isabey and François-Édouard Picot. Two years later, the Paris Salon accepted his work for its exhibition, and he received acclaim from critic Charles Baudelaire and later on from Émile Zola. He was to experience little success, however, and he suffered bouts of depression complicated by alcoholism.

Jongkind returned to live in Rotterdam in 1855, and remained there until 1860. Back in Paris, in 1861 he rented a studio on the rue de Chevreuse in Montparnasse where some of his paintings began to show glimpses of the Impressionist style to come. In 1862 he met in Normandy, in the famous ferme Saint-Siméon in Honfleur, with some of his artist friends, such as Alfred Sisley, Eugène Boudin, and the young Claude Monet, to all of whom Jongkind served as a mentor. Monet later referred to him as “…a quiet man with such a talent that is beyond words” and credited the “definitive education” of his own eye to Jongkind. In 1863 Jongkind exhibited at the first Salon des Refusés. He was invited to participate in the first exhibition of the Impressionist group in 1874, but he declined. He died in 1891 in Saint-Égrève. More

 

Thomas Buttersworth, Jr. (1807-1842), British

Yachting off Torquay

Oil on canvas

12 x 16 in

Private collection

Torquay  is a seaside town in Devon, England, part of the unitary authority area of Torbay. The town’s economy was initially based upon fishing and agriculture, but in the early 19th century it began to develop into a fashionable seaside resort, initially frequented by members of the Royal Navy during the Napoleonic Wars while the Royal Navy anchored in the bay. Later, as the town’s fame spread, it was popular with Victorian society. Renowned for its healthful climate, the town earned the nickname the English Riviera.

The writer Agatha Christie was born in the town and lived there during her early years and there is an “Agatha Christie Mile”, a tour with plaques dedicated to her life and work. More on Torquay

Thomas Buttersworth, Jr. (1807-1842), was named after his father, the well known marine painter Thomas Buttersworth Senior (1766-1841), who was to have a considerable influence on his son’s painting career.

There exist few details about Thomas Junior’s private life. What is known is that in the late 1830’s he was living with his wife Gertude in Lambeth, and in early 1838 his daughter, also Gertrude, was born.

The family had moved to Greenwich by 1841, and this is where their son, also named Thomas, was born in March of that year. Thomas Buttersworth Junior died in Greenwich on November 25, 1842 at the very early age of thirty five. More on Thomas Buttersworth, Jr. 

 

C. HJALMAR (CAPPY) AMUNDSEN (American, Long Island, 1911-2010)

Dock scene

Oil on canvas

20”h, 26”w

Private collection

 

J.J. Enwright (pseudonym for Hjalmar “Cappy” Amundsen) was born Caspar Hjalmar Emerson III in  New York City in 1911, and in 1946 legally changed his name to Hjalmar Amundsen in honor of his great-uncle, explorer Roald Amundsen, who located the magnetic center of the South Pole the year his great-nephew was born. 

He was in his early twenties when he first began painting.  Amundsen loved the sea, and had a lifelong interest in sailing and fishing.  While growing up, Hjalmar and his father would drive to the East End of Long Island, and he’d go out in a fishing boat.  Later he bought a small boat and went out sailing and fishing as often as he could.  

As an adult, the young artist moved back to New York and spent time painting in and around Gloucester and Provincetown, Massachusetts.  In his early career, he is believed to have created up to 275 paintings a year over a period of six years under the name of Enwright, and it is now believed that J.J. Enwright and Hjalmar Amundsen is one and the same artist. 

In 1946 he moved to Sag Harbor, Long Island, New York. He opened a studio and lived in the same building, becoming a well-liked figure in the community.  He painted waterfront images, sailing ships, fishing boats, and the New England coastline. 

Cappy lived a bohemian lifestyle, making a living with his painting, but by the 1980s  times had become tough, and it was through the initiative of friends and the community that his house was restored.  He died in Brookhaven Memorial Hospital on January 18, 2001. More on  “Cappy” Amundsen

19th Century British school

Upper reaches of the River Thames, c. 1913

Oil on canvas

14ins x 18ins

Private collection


19th Century British school – Oil painting – Upper reaches of the River Thames with a lighter to foreground and barges and masted vessels.


The River Thames is a river that flows through southern England, most notably through London. At 215 miles (346 km), it is the longest river entirely in England and the second longest in the United Kingdom. The lower reaches of the river are called the Tideway, derived from its long tidal reach up to Teddington Lock. It rises at Thames Head in Gloucestershire, and flows into the North Sea via the Thames Estuary. The Thames drains the whole of Greater London. More on The River Thames 


English school, dominant school of painting in England throughout the second half of the 18th century and the first half of the 19th. Its establishment marked the rise of a national tradition that began with the emergence of native artists whose works were no longer provincial but rivaled continental art in quality and ended by exercising considerable influence on the course of European painting. More on English school

TOMMASO DE SIMONE (Italian, c.1805-1888)

American ship in harbor, c. 1875

For ”Lewis L. Squire”, 

Gouache

18-1/2”h, 26-1/4”w. (Fine Art)

Private collection

Tomaso De Simone (c.1805-1888) was a Neapolitan port painter; and is considered to be one of the most important ship portraitists who practiced in the Italian seaport cities. The father of noted sea painter Antonio de Simone, Tomaso specialized in oils, the majority depicting warships and merchant vessels.

The architectural properties of Tomaso de Simone’s paintings are exceptional. His hull shapes have fullness and flexibility, his rigging shows a wealth of detail. His portrait of the American continental navy frigate constellation was proven so accurate that it was used as a guide for restoration of the ship, still afloat today in Baltimore. 

Although not as prolific as his son, the works of Tomaso de Simone are arguably more important. In recent years, their value has increased dramatically as they become more rare and sought after by important museums and private collectors world wide. More on Tomaso De Simone

Louis Papaluca (Italian, 1890-1934)

M.Y. Happy Days, N.Y.Y.C. In Memory of First Voyage 1928

Watercolor

16ins x 27.5ins

Private collection

“M.Y. Happy Days, N.Y.Y.C. In Memory of First Voyage 1928″” – is a study of The New York Yacht Clubs steam yacht Happy Days in the Bay of Naples with Vesuvius to background.

Louis Papaluca (Italian, 1890-1934)

Beryl R.Y.S.

Gouache

23 x 15 in.

Private collection

CHARLES ROSNER (American, Long Island, 1894-1975)

Clipper Ship Golden Eagle

Oil on canvas

24”h, 30”w.

Private collection

The U.S. Golden Eagle was an extreme clipper, built at Medford, Massachusetts, and launched on November 9, 1852. She weighed 1121 tons, had a length of 192 feet, a beam of 36 feet, a 22-foot depth of hold, a gilded eagle on the wing figurehead. 

She made a total of eight voyages from the East Coast around the Horn to San Francisco, the first out of Boston, the others out of New York. On the homeward leg of the last of these voyages, she sailed from San Francisco for Howland`s Island, where she loaded a cargo of guano, and from which she sailed about November 20, 1862, bound for Cork, for orders. On February 21, 1863 she was attacked and burned by the Confederate commerce raider CSS Alabama. Her owners, E. M. Robinson, of New Bedford, and John A. McGaw, of New York, claimed, and were allowed, insurance in the amount of $56,000 for the vessel, $30,000 for freight, and $27,522 for cargo. More on the Golden Eagle

Charles Rosner (German-American, 1894-1975) developed a fascination for sailing vessels while a child on holiday in various German seaports. He also served aboard them, accumulating five Cape Horn passages during his ocean career. After WW I he emigrated to Canada and thence to America, where his affinity for the sea propelled him into a commitment as a full-time marine painter of historic sailing vessels and other sea-faring subjects. More on Charles Rosner

Joaquin Sorolla (Soroia), 1863 – 1923

Walking along the seashore, c. 1911

Oil on Canvas

Joaquin Sorolei House Museum, Madrid

In the painting Sorolla depicted his wife Clotilde and eldest daughter Maria. “Walking along the seashore”. Soria worked on the canvas in Valencia in 1909. He has just returned to Spain from America, where his personal exhibitions in New York, Buffalo and Boston were held with great success and where he created about 20 portraits, Including the then US President Taft . 

The women are graceful, dressed in elegant white dresses and fashionable shoes. The images are completed by beige hats, decorated with flowers, and a white umbrella, which is held by the older woman (Clotilde). More on this painting

Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (27 February 1863 – 10 August 1923) was a Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the sunlight of his native land. More on Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida

Fabienne Delacroix

Bord de l’eau à Dieppe

Acrylic on Board

8.5″x6.5″

Private collection

Dieppe is a coastal community in the Arrondissement of Dieppe in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northern France. 

A port on the English Channel, at the mouth of the Arques river. Dieppe also has a popular pebbled beach, a 15th-century castle and the churches of Saint-Jacques and Saint-Remi. More on Dieppe

 

Fabienne Delacroix is the youngest child of the master naïf painter Michel Delacroix. She began to paint at the age of ten, working along side her father in his studio. Her talent was evident almost immediately. At twelve years old, her paintings were exhibited in a gallery in Carmel, California where the work completely sold out. In 2004, Fabienne began exhibiting on her own, and while her work can be linked stylistically to her father’s, she is very much an artist in her own right. She has a mastery of light and color that is similar to that of French Impressionists. Until recently, Fabienne was known mainly for her seascapes and pastoral landscapes. Fabienne continues to paint the French countryside, seaside and sometimes even Boston with her signature flair. She currently lives and works in Paris, France. More on Fabienne Delacroix

Naïve art is recognized, and often imitated, for its childlike simplicity and frankness.[4] Paintings of this kind typically have a flat rendering style with a rudimentary expression of perspective. More on Naïve art

Fabienne Delacroix

la jetée de Trouville

Acrylic on Board

10.5″x13.75″

Private collection

Trouville-sur-Mer, commonly referred to as Trouville, is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

Trouville-sur-Mer borders Deauville. This village of fishermen is a popular tourist attraction in Normandy.

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10 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings – With Footnotes, #34

Montague Dawson, 1890 – 1973

Ships That Pass

oil on canvas

28.25 x 42 in

Private collection

Montague Dawson RMSA, FRSA (1890–1973) was a British painter who was renowned as a maritime artist. His most famous paintings depict sailing ships, usually clippers or warships of the 18th and 19th centuries. Montague was the son of a keen yachtsman and the grandson of the marine painter Henry Dawson (18111878), born in Chiswick, London. Much of his childhood was spent on Southampton Water where he was able to indulge his interest in the study of ships. For a brief period around 1910 Dawson worked for a commercial art studio in Bedford Row, London, but with the outbreak of the First World War he joined the Royal Navy. Whilst serving with the Navy in Falmouth he met Charles Napier Hemy (18411917), who considerably influenced his work. In 1924 Dawson was the official artist for an Expedition to the South Seas by the steam yacht St.George. During the expedition he provided illustrated reports to the Graphic magazine.

After the War, Dawson established himself as a professional marine artist, concentrating on historical subjects and portraits of deep-water sailing ships. During the Second World War, he was employed as a war artist. Dawson exhibited regularly at the Royal Society of Marine Artists, of which he became a member, from 1946 to 1964, and occasionally at the Royal Academy between 1917 and 1936. By the 1930s he was considered one of the greatest living marine artists, whose patrons included two American Presidents, Dwight D Eisenhower and Lyndon B Johnson, as well as the British Royal Family. Also in the 1930s, he moved to Milford-Upon-Sea in Hampshire, living there for many years. Dawson is noted for the strict accuracy in the nautical detail of his paintings which often sell for six figures.

The work of Montague Dawson is represented in the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich and the Royal Naval Museum, Portsmouth. More on Montague Dawson

Edward William Cooke, 1811 – 1880

DUTCH FISHING BOATS IN CHOPPY COASTAL WATERS

Oil on canvas

54 x 79cm

Private collection

Edward William Cooke, R.A., F.R.S., F.Z.S., F.S.A., F.G.S. (27 March 1811 – 4 January 1880) was an English landscape and marine painter, and gardener. Cooke was born in Pentonville, London. He was raised in the company of artists. He was a precocious draughtsman and a skilled engraver from an early age, displayed an equal preference for marine subjects and published his “Shipping and Craft”  a series of accomplished engravings  when he was 18, in 1829. Cooke began painting in oils in 1833, and first exhibited at the Royal Academy and British Institution in 1835, by which time his style was essentially formed.

He went on to travel and paint with great industry at home and abroad, indulging his love of the 17th-century Dutch marine artists with a visit to the Netherlands in 1837. He returned regularly over the next 23 years, studying the effects of the coastal landscape and light, as well as the works of the country’s Old Masters, resulting in highly successful paintings. He went on to travel in Scandinavia, Spain, North Africa and, above all, to Venice. In 1858, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Honorary Academician. . More Edward William Cooke

Willem van de Velde the Younger, LEIDEN 1633 – 1707 LONDON

THE ENGLISH ROYAL YACHT MARY ABOUT TO FIRE A SALUTEc. 1660

Oil on canvas

126.5 x 178 cm.; 49 3/4  x 70 in.

Private collection

 King Charles II’s Royal Yacht Mary, the subject of this picture, occupies the centre of the composition, about to fire a salute. The Master can be seen ringing a bell to give the order, and the gunner (wearing a fisherman’s hat) can be seen with his lighted spill held aloft. The yacht is moored by its starboard anchor, while a sailor holds the stock of the port anchor, which is unshipped, perhaps as he prepares to stow it. The foresail is up and the mainsail is gathered, ready to be released, and it looks as if the Mary is making ready to depart. Her salute is presumably in answer to one fired by the unidentified Dutch ship beyond and to the left. Further Dutch ships are to be seen in the distance to the centre, including one flying the flag of the Fore Squadron, and another the flag and pennant of an Admiral of the Main. Nearer, to the right, is the Amsterdam ship Hollandia, her stern towards the viewer, smoke visible above her deck suggesting that she to her stern towards the viewer, smoke visible above her deck suggesting that she too has just fired a salute. Beyond the Hollandia is an unidentified ship with a haloed saint on her tafferel.

Van de Velde depicted the Mary in several other paintings, though never so prominently as here. More on this painting

Willem van de Velde the Younger (bapt. 18 December 1633; died 6 April 1707) was a Dutch marine painter. A son of Willem van de Velde the Elder, also a painter of sea-pieces, he was instructed by his father, and afterwards by Simon de Vlieger, a marine painter of repute at the time, and had achieved great celebrity by his art before he came to London. By 1673 he had moved to England, where he was engaged by Charles II, at a salary of £100, to aid his father in “taking and making draughts of sea-fights”, his part of the work being to reproduce in color the drawings of the elder Van de Velde. He was also patronized by the Duke of York and by various members of the nobility. More on Willem van de Velde the Younger

Willem van de Velde the Younger, LEIDEN 1633 – 1707 LONDON

THE ENGLISH ROYAL YACHT MARY ABOUT TO FIRE A SALUTE, c. 1660

Detail

Willem van de Velde the Younger (bapt. 18 December 1633; died 6 April 1707) was a Dutch marine painter. A son of Willem van de Velde the Elder, also a painter of sea-pieces, he was instructed by his father, and afterwards by Simon de Vlieger, a marine painter of repute at the time, and had achieved great celebrity by his art before he came to London. By 1673 he had moved to England, where he was engaged by Charles II, at a salary of £100, to aid his father in “taking and making draughts of sea-fights”, his part of the work being to reproduce in color the drawings of the elder Van de Velde. He was also patronized by the Duke of York and by various members of the nobility. More on Willem van de Velde the Younger

Edward William Cooke, 1811 – 1880

DUTCH FISHING BOATS IN CHOPPY COASTAL WATERS

Detail

Edward William Cooke, see above

HAYLEY LEVER, 1876 – 1958

Returning Fisherman, The Jetties, Manasquan, NJ, c. 1938

Oil on canvas 

30 by 36 inches (76.2 by 91.4 cm)

Private collection

The Manasquan Inlet is an inlet that connects the Atlantic Ocean with the Manasquan River, in the state of New Jersey. Passage to Bay Head Harbor and the Barnegat Bay is possible via the Point Pleasant Canal.

The Manasquan inlet historically had always been shallow, which made it difficult for large boats to navigate. When the Point Pleasant Canal was dug in 1926, the Manasquan river’s water rapidly flowed through the man-made opening disrupting the natural flow of the river, this caused the inlet to completely close with sand for several years. In 1930 work begun to reopen the inlet. The Army Corps of Engineers put up temporary piers and began building jetties. The jetties were constructed with rock excavation from the Second Avenue Subway in Manhattan. The inlet was officially reopened on August 29, 1931. More on The Manasquan Inlet

 

Richard Hayley Lever (28 September 1875 – 6 December 1958) was an Australian-American painter, etcher, lecturer and art teacher. He excelled in painting classes at Prince Alfred College under James Ashton and on leaving school continued to study under Ashton at his Norwood art school. He was a charter member of the Adelaide Easel Club in 1892.

Lever left to England in 1899 to further his career in painting. He moved to St. Ives, a fishing port and artistic colony on the Cornish coast. In St. Ives, Lever shared a studio with Frederick Waugh, and studied painting techniques under the Impressionists Olsson and Algernon Talmage. Lever also painted in the French port villages of Douarnenez and Concarneau, Brittany, directly across the English Channel from St. Ives.

Lever arrived in New York City in 1912 and painted views of the Hudson River, Times Square and Central Park. Upon discovering the American east coast, he painted in Gloucester, MA for several summers and at Marblehead, MA. From 1919 to 1931, Lever taught art classes at the Art Students League of New York where he maintained a Gloucester studio and often traveled to paint on Nantucket and Martha’s Vineyard. In 1924, Lever was commissioned to paint a portrait of the presidential yacht, Mayflower, which was subsequently presented to President Calvin Coolidge in the Cabinet Room of the White House.

In later life, Lever was inflicted with arthritis in his right hand, which prevented him from further travel and forced him to concentrate on still-life subjects instead. As his arthritis advanced, he taught himself to paint with his left hand. However, following the death of his wife Aida in 1949, Lever was confined to his home, where he continued to paint from 1953 until his death. More on Richard Hayley Lever

Irma Stern (1894 – 1966)

Madeira Scene, 1931

Gouache

28.5 x 22 cm

Private collection

Madeira is a Portuguese archipelago situated in the north Atlantic Ocean, southwest of Portugal. Its total population was estimated in 2011 at 267,785. The capital of Madeira is Funchal, located on the main island’s south coast.

Madeira was claimed by Portuguese sailors in the service of Prince Henry the Navigator in 1419 and settled after 1420. The archipelago is considered to be the first territorial discovery of the exploratory period of the Portuguese Age of Discovery, which extended from 1415 to 1542. More on Madeira

Irma Stern (1894, Schweizer-Reneke, Transvaal – 23 August 1966, Cape Town, South Africa) was born in Schweizer-Reneke, a small town in the Transvaal. Her father was interned in a concentration camp by the British during the South African War because of his pro-Boer leanings. Irma and her younger brother, Rudi, were thus taken to Cape Town by their mother. After the war, the family returned to Germany and constant travel. This travel would influence Irma’s work.

Irma Stern, (1894 – 1966)

Boats, Madeira, c. 1951

Gouache and charcoal on paper

37 x 27.5 cm

Private collection

In 1913 Stern studied art in Germany at the Weimar Academy. She was associated with the German Expressionist painters of this period. She held her first exhibition in Berlin in 1919. In 1920 Stern returned to Cape Town with her family where she was first derided and dismissed as an artist before becoming an established artist by the 1940s.

In 1926 she married Dr Johannes Prinz, her former tutor, who subsequently became professor of German at the University of Cape Town. They were divorced in 1934.

Irma Stern travelled extensively in Europe and explored Southern Africa, Zanzibar and the Congo region. These trips provided a wide range of subject matter for her paintings and gave her opportunities to acquire and assemble a collection of artifacts. In 1931 she visited Madeira and Dakar, Senegal, in 1937 and 1938. These expeditions resulted in a wealth of artistic creativity and energy as well as the publication of two illustrated journals; Congo published in 1943 and Zanzibar in 1948.

The Irma Stern Museum was established in 1971 and is the house the artist lived in for almost four decades. She moved into The Firs in Rondebosch in 1927 and lived there until her death. Several of the rooms are furnished as she arranged them while upstairs there is a commercial gallery used by contemporary South African artists. More on Irma Stern

Liza Yashyna, Russia

«Evening»

Oil on canvas

35.4 H x 23.6 W x 0.8 in

Private collection

Elizabeth Yashyna was born on 2-nd of August 1987 in Simferopol (Ukraine) in artists’ family. In 2007 graduated from Crimean College of Art of N.S. Samokish. In 2013 graduated from Kiev National Academy of Fine Art and Architecture (Faculty of Sacred and Monumental Art; studio of N.A. Storozhenko). Exhibition activity began in 2003 – held more than 30 personal and group exhibitions. Member of National Union of Artists of Ukraine and National Union of Artists of Russia. Works are presented in private collections in France, Italy, USA, Hungary, Montenegro, Australia, Russia, Ukraine and others. Since 2008 – member of the Creative Union of Professional Artists of Russia. Since 2013 – Member of the Creative Union of Professional Artists of Ukraine. More on Elizabeth Yashyna

FRANK MYERS BOGGS, 1855 – 1926

Fish Market, Copenhagen, c. 1924

Oil on canvas 

22 1/8 by 20 1/8 inches (56.1 by 51.1 cm)

Private collection

Copenhagen, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a regional centre of power with its institutions, defences and armed forces. More on Copenhagen 

Frank Myers Boggs (* 6. December 1855 in Springfield , Ohio ; † August 8, 1926 in Meudon , Hauts-de-Seine )  was active, and naturalized in France .  He was a painter of urban landscapes, marine. Watercolorist , engraver , draftsman.

Mixing tonalist and impressionist elements, Frank Myers Boggs forged a novel artistic style at the juncture of fin-de-siècle American and European traditions. Born in Ohio, Boggs trained at the École des Beaux-Arts under Jean Léon Gerôme and spent the majority of his life in Paris. There, he accomplished the rare feat of gaining prominence in both the French and American art worlds. By the end of his life, Boggs had essentially transformed himself into a French impressionist: he became a French citizen in 1923 and earned the French Legion of Honor three years later. 

Boggs won a prize from the American Art Association in 1884 and silver medals from the Paris Universal Exposition of 1889 and the Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893. His paintings are now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Brooklyn Museum of Art, and Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, as well as the Réunion des Musées Nationaux of Paris, Luxembourg Museum, and Museum of Nantes in France. More on Frank Myers Boggs

Anders Zorn, 1860 – 1920

Summer Entertainment/ Sommarnoje, c. 1886

Watercolor, paper

76 x 54 cm

Private Collection

Anders Leonard Zorn (18 February 1860 – 22 August 1920) was one of Sweden’s foremost artists. He obtained international success as a painter, sculptor and etcher. From 1875 to 1880 Zorn studied at the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts in Stockholm. Members of Stockholm society approached him with commissions. Zorn traveled extensively to London, Paris, the Balkans, Spain, Italy and the United States, becoming an international success as one of the most acclaimed painters of his era. It was primarily his skill as a portrait painter that gained Zorn international acclaim based principally upon his incisive ability to depict the individual character of his model. At 29, he was made a Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur at the Exposition Universelle 1889 Paris World Fair. More Anders Leonard Zorn

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