21 Works, October 23rd. is Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer’s day, his art, illustrated with footnotes #225

Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer
Elegant Ladies on the Beach at Scheveningen, c. 1873

15.5 x 24 cm
Oil on canvas
Private collection

In the present work, two elegant ladies dressed in the latest fashions are seen taking a stroll on a sun-bleached stretch of beach. To this scene of leisured sophistication, Kaemmerer incongruously adds the remains of a rusty canon, pointed in the same direction, on an otherwise empty stretch of beach, suggesting the pair may be visiting a historic stretch of sand where a past naval battle was fought. More on this painting

Frederik Hendrik Kaemmerer (23 October 1839, The Hague — 4 April 1902, Paris) was a Dutch painter. He originally worked in the Romantic and Academic styles, but later became an Impressionist…

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22 Works, October 21st. is Domenico Zampieri’s day, his art, illustrated with footnotes #224

Domenichino (1581–1641) (after)
The Martyrdom of Saint Andrew

Oil on canvas
H 33.5 x W 43.5 cm
University of Edinburgh

Andrew is said to have been martyred by crucifixion at the city of Patras (Patræ) in Achaea. Early texts describe Andrew as bound, not nailed, and crucified on a cross of the form called crux decussata, now commonly known as a “Saint Andrew’s Cross”

Scene of the martyrdom of Saint Andrew with stuggling figures and a mounted figure on the left. This painting is a late seventeenth- or early eighteenth-century copy after an engraving of Domenichino’s fresco of this subject on the vault of Sant’Andrea della Valle in Rome, painted in 1622–1627. These frescoes were Domenichino’s most extensive Roman commission for which he vied with rival, Giovanni Lanfranco. Saint Andrew was martyred at Patras. He asked that he should be crucified on an ‘X’ shaped cross as he considered himself to be unworthy to die in the same manner as Jesus. More on this painting

Domenico Zampieri (October 21, 1581 — April 6, 1641), known by the diminutive Domenichino after his shortness, was an Italian Baroque painter of the Bolognese School of painters…

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16 Works, October 15th. is Juan Bautista Maíno’s day, his art, illustrated with footnotes #223

Fray Juan Bautista Maíno, Pastrana, 1581 – Madrid, 1649
Pentecost: the descent of the Holy Spirit

Oil on canvas
Private collection

When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. Divided tongues, as of fire, appeared among them, and a tongue rested on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages, as the Spirit gave them ability. More on this painting

Friar Juan Bautista Maíno, or Mayno (October 1581, Pastrana — 1 April 1649, Madrid) was a Spanish Baroque painter…

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13 Works, October 14th. is Albert Maignan’s day, his art, illustrated with footnotes #222

Albert Maignan
Les Voix du Tocsin (The Voices of the Warning Bell), c. 1888

Oil on canvas
Musée de Picardie, Amiens

The origin of this tableau is rooted in a trip Maignan took to inspect the bell of the Saint-Prix church, described with passionate detail in his journal. The genesis would take time, taking the artist from stages of euphoria to discouragement from 1882 to 1888, the year of its presentation at the Salon. Exhibited the following year at the Paris World Fair, it would be purchased by the French government and transferred for exhibition at the Museum of Picardie in 1892…

Albert Pierre René Maignan (14 October 1845–29 September 1908) was a French history painter and illustrator.

In 1864, he left his hometown to study law in Paris, earning his diploma in 1866. During his studies he also painted and took art lessons from Jules Achille Noël. He had his début at the Salon in 1867, and continued to exhibit there throughout his life. In 1868, he travelled extensively, painting in Rouen, Córdoba, Seville and at the Suez Canal before its opening. Upon his return, he found a position in the studios of Évariste Vital Luminais…

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21 Works, October 9th. is Évariste Vital Luminais’ day, his art, illustrated with footnotes #221

Evariste Vital Luminais

Oil on canvas
11 3/8 x 21 ¼ in. (29 x 54 cm.)
Private collection

A mermaid is a marine creature with the head and upper body of a female human and the tail of a fish. Mermaids appear in the folklore of many cultures worldwide. The first stories appeared in ancient Assyria. Mermaids can be benevolent or beneficent.

Évariste Vital Luminais (13 October 1821–10 or 15 May 1896) was a French painter. He is best known for works depicting early French history and is sometimes called “the painter of the Gauls”.

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29 Works, October 9th. is Benjamin West’s day, his art, illustrated with footnotes #220

Benjamin West, American, 1738-1820
Death on the Pale Horse, c. 1796

Oil on canvas
23 3/8 × 50 5/8 inches (59.4 × 128.6 cm)
Detroit Institute of Arts

The title of this painting is taken from the final book of the Bible, the Revelation of Saint John the Divine, which has often been interpreted as a symbolic description of warfare: “And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And Power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth to kill with the sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth” (Rev. 6:8).

In this horrifying chronicle of the destruction of humankind, the rugged irregular forms, the dramatic contrasts of light and dark, and the dynamism of the turbulent movement combine with the distorted faces and pitiful gestures of the dead and dying to convey a sense of terror. The violent furor exhibits a destructive dynamism that makes this one of the most awesome depictions of the methods by which a world may be annihilated.

In 1796, the year this work was painted, England was at war with revolutionary France, and West’s picture may have been intended to comment on what was happening, or was expected to happen, in the contemporary world. More on this painting

Benjamin West, PRA (October 10, 1738 — March 11, 1820) was a British-American artist who painted famous historical scenes such as The Death of Nelson (See below), The Death of General Wolfe (See below), the Treaty of Paris (See below), and Benjamin Franklin Drawing Electricity from the Sky…

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18 Works, October 9th. is Jean-Baptiste Regnault’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #219

Regnault, Jean-Baptiste
The wedding between Jerome Bonaparte and Catherine of Wurtemberg

Oil on canvas
Height: 4 m (13.1 ft); Width: 6.4 m (21.1 ft)
Palace of Versailles

Signature of the marriage contract of Prince Jérôme Bonaparte and Frédérique-Catherine of Wurtemberg. In the presence of the imperial family at the Tuileries, August 22, 1807

Depicted people: Caroline Bonaparte, Elisa Bonaparte, Hortense de Beauharnais, Jerome Bonaparte, Joseph Bonaparte, Josephine de Beauharnais, Julie Clary, Letizia Bonaparte, Louis-Alexandre Berthier, Louis Bonaparte, Napoleon, Pauline Bonaparte

Jean-Baptiste Regnault (9 October 1754–12 November 1829) was a French painter…

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10 Works, October 6th. is William D. Washington’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #218

William D. Washington (1833–1870)
The Burial of Latané, c. 1864

Oil on canvas
Height: 38 in (96.5 cm); Width: 48 in (121.9 cm)
The Johnson Collection, Spartanburg, South Carolina

In June 1862, twenty-nine-year-old Captain William Latané of the 9th Virginia Cavalry was the only Confederate killed during J. E. B. Stuart’s famous ride around Union general McClellan’s army during the Peninsula Campaign. After Latané’s death at Old Church in Hanover County, his brother John Latané removed the body to the Westwood plantation two miles away. The plantation’s white men were all away serving the Confederate army…

William Dickinson Washington (October 7, 1833 — December 1, 1870) was an American painter and teacher of art. He is most famous for his painting The Burial of Latané (See below), which became a symbol of the Lost Cause of the Confederacy in the years following the American Civil War, and for the work he did in establishing the fine arts program of the Virginia Military Institute…

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21 Works, October 5th. is Édouard Detaille’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #217

Jean-Baptiste-Edouard Detaille
The last charge of General Lasalle, killed at Wagram on July 6, 1809, c. 1912

Musée de l’Armée

Antoine-Charles-Louis, Comte de Lasalle (10 May 1775, Metz — 6 July 1809, Wagram) was a French cavalry general during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, often called “The Hussar General”. He first gained fame for his role in the Capitulation of Stettin. Over the course of his short career, he became known as a daring adventurer and was credited with many exploits. Eventually, he fought on every front and was killed at the Battle of Wagram. More on General Lasalle

Jean-Baptiste Édouard Detaille (5 October 1848–23 December 1912) was a French academic painter and military artist noted for his precision and realistic detail. He was regarded as the “semi-official artist of the French army”…

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19 Works, October 4th. is Maximilian Lenz’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #216

Maximilian Lenz (1860–1948)
Herbstgold, c. 1904

Oil with gold relief on canvas
102 x 230.5 cm
Private collection

Maximilian Lenz (4 October 1860, Vienna — 19 May 1948, Vienna) was an Austrian painter, graphic artist and sculptor. Lenz was a founding member of the Vienna Secession; during his career’s most important period, he was a Symbolist, but later his work became increasingly naturalistic. He worked in a variety of media, including oils, watercolours, lithography and metal reliefs…

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15 Works, October 3rd. is Luke Fildes’ day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #215

Luke Fildes (1843–1927)
A view of Venice, c 1876

Oil on canvas
23.5 x 36.5cm (9 1/4 x 14 3/8in)
Private collection

Sir Samuel Luke Fildes KCVO RA (3 October 1843[2] — 28 February 1927) was a British painter and illustrator born in Liverpool and trained at the South Kensington and Royal Academy Schools. He was the grandson of the political activist Mary Fildes…

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11 Works, October 2nd. is Willy Jaeckel’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #214

Willy Jaeckel
Portrait of a Girl with a Red Scarf, c. 1926

Oil on canvas
Berlin, Bröhan-Museum

Willy Jaeckel (10 February 1888, Breslau — 30 January 1944, Berlin) was a German Expressionist painter and lithographer.

Jaeckel’s father was a public lands manager and he originally intended to become a forest ranger, but poor health forced him to change his plans. From 1906 to 1908, he studied at the art school in Breslau, then enrolled at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts, under the direction of Otto Gußmann, an ornamental painter. In 1913, he moved to Berlin to work as a free-lance artist and became a member of the Berlin Secession in 1915. Four years later, he was elected a member of the Prussian Academy of Arts and became a teacher at the University of the Arts in 1925.

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15 Works, September 30th. is Jehan Georges Vibert’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #213

Jehan Georges Vibert (1840–1902)
The Schism, c. 1874

Oil on panel
38.1 x 53.6 cm
Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art

The scene is set in the reception room of a rich monastery hung with old tapestries, and features a tall bald jovial abbot on the left, and a his companion the cardinal, a small sallow man long grey hair. After a hearty lunch with much wine, the cardinal on the right has toasted a lifelong abbot bishop friend. However the effects of the wine begin to kick in and they end up bickering over an old theological dispute. So the reference books come out of the library and unable to agree, with one impulse, both falling back into their armchairs, remain seated back to back without speaking another word! More on The Schism

Jehan Georges Vibert or Jean Georges Vibert (30 September 1840–28 July 1902) was a French academic painter

He was born in Paris, the son of engraver and publisher Théodore Vibert, and grandson of the influential rose-breeder Jean-Pierre Vibert. He began his artistic training at a young age under the instruction of his maternal grandfather, engraver Jean-Pierre-Marie Jazet…

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21 Works, September 26th. is Théodore Géricault’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #211

Théodore Géricault (1791–1824)
Riderless Horse Race, c. 1817

Oil on canvas
Height: 45 cm (17.7 in); Width: 60 cm (23.6 in)
Louvre Museum

The Race of the Riderless Horses is based on a genuine event that Gericault witnessed, in which riderless Barbary horses were encouraged to race each other down the Via del Corso (corso meaning race). Barbary horses were feisty and spirited animals and the riderless beasts galloping down the street would be unbroken and sometimes entirely unused to the presence of people. Carnival in Rome would end with the racing, but after an unwary spectator was trampled and killed in 1874 the practise stopped and the carnival itself went into decline (until recently, Carnival was resurrected in 2008!). However, while the practice was still in its heyday, the horse-loving Gericault saw the spectacle and was awed by the demonstration of power and might as the horses surged past, fighting for supremacy. More on this painting

Jean-Louis André Théodore Géricault (26 September 1791–26 January 1824) was a French painter and lithographer, whose best-known painting is The Raft of the Medusa (See below). Although he died young, he was one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement…

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19 Works, September 25th. is Arthur Hacker’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #210

Arthur Hacker (1858–1919)
Lewis Waller (1860–1915), as Henry V (from ‘Henry V’), c. 1900

Oil on board
H 40.5 x W 32.4 cm
Royal Shakespeare Theatre

William Waller Lewis was an English actor and theatre manager, well known on the London stage and in the English provinces. More on William Waller Lewis

Henry V is a history play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written near 1599. It tells the story of King Henry V of England, focusing on events immediately before and after the Battle of Agincourt (1415) during the Hundred Years’ War. More on Henry V

Arthur Hacker RA (St Pancras, Middlesex, 25 September 1858–12 November 1919 Kensington, London) was an English classicist painter. Hacker introduced a strong element of French academic realism into British exhibitions. In the first decade of the twentieth century, he changed his approach to produce atmospheric landscapes and townscapes in a Post-Impressionist style. Occasionally, he also painted still life compositions focussing on flowers…

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13 Works, September 24th. is Edouard Hamman’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #209

Hamman, Eduard Jean Conrad. 1819-1888
Disillusion, c. 1851

Oil on canvas
65×71,5 cm
The State Hermitage Museum

Edouard Jean Conrad Hamman (24 September 1819 in Ostend — 30 March 1888 in Paris) was a Belgian painter and engraver who specialized in portraying scenes from the lives of famous artists, scholars and the nobility…

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21 Works, September 23rd. is Suzanne Valadon ‘s day, her story, illustrated with footnotes #208

Suzanne Valadon (Marie-Clémentine Valadon), (1865, France – 1938, France)
Le Lancement du filet/ Throwing the net, c. 1914

Oil on canvas
201 x 301 cm
Georges Pompidou Center, Paris, France

Presented at the Salon des Indépendants in 1914, the monumental academic panel irritated avant-garde critics. Arthur Cravan, who in issue five of his episodic review Now, writes an angry criticism of the Salon, violently attacks Suzanne Valadon (“[she] knows the little recipes well, but simplifying is not making simple, old bitch!”). Sentenced for defamation, he replied fiercely in a supplement to his review: “Contrary to my assertion, Ms. Suzanne Valadon is a virtue”. Le Lancement du Filet is Valadon’s latest work dedicated to the male nude. Subsequently, she devoted herself especially to an iconography centered on the nudes of women and children. More on this painting

Suzanne Valadon (23 September 1865–7 April 1938) was a French painter and artists’ model. In 1894, Valadon became the first woman painter admitted to the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts. She was also the mother of painter Maurice Utrillo…

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12 Works, September 20th. is Julius Exter’s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #207

Julius Exter (German, 1863–1939)
The dance legend, c. 1905

Oil on canvas
189.5 x 180 cm (74.6 x 70.9 in)
Private collection

Musa is such a passionate dancer that when she is not praying she is dancing, she is even dancing prayers. When she is dancing a prayer to the Holy Virgin, King David appears to her, dances with her and promises her that she will be allowed to dance in heaven forever, if she only renounce it now on earth. Your doubts are overcome by a heavenly melody. She lives solitary in her parents’ garden and even lets her feet be forged together with a chain. When she dies, nature becomes more beautiful, the sky opens up and Musa floats away dancing into eternal bliss. But this is disturbed only once, as the nine muses on a high heavenly holiday who, as pagan deities, languish in hell, are graciously invited. They start a chant out of gratitude. More on The dance legend

Julius Leopold Bernhard Exter (20 September 1863, Ludwigshafen — 16 October 1939, Übersee) was a German painter and sculptor. His work consists mostly of landscapes and portraits…

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19 Works, September 19th. is William Dyce”s day, his story, illustrated with footnotes #206

William Dyce, 1806-1864
King Joash Shooting “the Arrow of Deliverance”

Oil on canvas
76.3 x 109.5 cms | 30 x 43 ins
Kunsthalle, Hamburg

Elisha’s Final Prophecy: …16Then Elisha said to the king of Israel, “Put your hand on the bow.” So the king put his hand on the bow, and Elisha put his hands on the king’s hands. 17“Open the east window,” said Elisha. So he opened it and Elisha said, “Shoot!” So he shot. And Elisha declared: “This is the LORD’s arrow of victory, the arrow of victory over Aram, for you shall strike the Arameans in Aphek until you have put an end to them.” 18Then Elisha said, “Take the arrows!” So he took them, and Elisha said to the king of Israel, “Strike the ground!” So he struck the ground three times and stopped.… More on the Arrow of Deliverance

William Dyce FRSE RSA RA (19 September 1806 in Aberdeen — 14 February 1864) was a Scottish painter, who played a part in the formation of public art education in the United Kingdom, and the South Kensington Schools system. Dyce was associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and played a part in their early popularity

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01 Painting, The amorous game, Part 78 – With Footnotes

The Ages of Man

Oil on canvas
121.8 x 153.5cm (47 15/16 x 60 7/16in)
Private collection

Sir Anthony van Dyck, ( 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and Flanders. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years. He also painted biblical and mythological subjects, displayed outstanding facility as a draughtsman, and was an important innovator in watercolour and etching. The Van Dyke beard is named after him. More Sir Anthony van Dyck

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