01 Painting by Orientalist Artists, Maurice Bouviolle’s MARKET DAY IN GHARDAÏA, with footnotes, #81

Maurice Bouviolle, (1893 – 1971)

Oil on canvas
50 X 65 CM (19 11/16 X 25 9/16 IN.)
Private collection

Ghardaïa is the capital city of Ghardaïa Province, Algeria. It is a major centre of date production and the manufacture of rugs and cloths. Divided into three walled sectors, it is a fortified town. 
The name of Ghardaïa has its origins in a female saint named Daïa who lived in a cave (ghār) in the area before it blossomed into a town inhabited by Ibadite Muslims who came to escape persecution from Fatimite Muslims in the north. More on Ghardaïa

Maurice Bouviolle, born in Beauvais on June 3, 1893, and died in Marseille on June 29, 1971, he was a French painter.
A student of the National School of Fine Arts in Paris in 1910, he worked in the workshops of Gabriel Ferrier and Henri Rousseau. He met the painter Maxime Maufra who encouraged him to go to Algeria in 1912. There then completed his military service in the 1st  regiment of Algerian riflemen of Blida . His orientalist paintings are numerous. He arrived in 1917 in Blida, his singular talent was noticed in 1921 at the Salon of Algerian and Orientalist artists in Algiers . He received theAbd-el-Tif Prize in 1921 (with Jean Bouchaud ). He exhibited his Market at Ghardaia at the Salon des artistes français in 1922, which earned him the silver medal, that definitely assured his success. He received the great artistic prize of Algeria in 1931 year of the Colonial Exhibition for which he realized dioramas , and the gilt medal was awarded in 1942 by the Union of Artists of North Africa.

Among his main themes, we find the region of M’zab , with a particular curiosity for people (place and market scenes of Ghardaïa , musicians, dancers Ouled Naïls ). Maurice Bouviolle was called the cantor of M’Zab . He left Algiers at the end of the Second World War . Struck with hemiplegia in 1961 , he still continues to paint views of Marseille where he had settled. More on Maurice Bouviolle

Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceMiddle East Artists365 Saints and 365 Days, also visit my Boards on Pinterest

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Author: zaidangallery

I search Art History for Beautiful works that may, or may not, have a secondary or unexpected story to tell. I then write short summaries that grow from my research. Art work is so much more when its secrets are exposed

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