Ignacio Zuloaga, MADEMOISELLE SOUTY 02 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, of the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #33

Ignacio Zuloaga

Ignacio Zuloaga, 1870 – 1945, SPANISH


Oil on canvas

190 by 120cm., 74¾ by 47¼in.

Private collection

Mlle. Souty was half Spanish, half French.

Zuloaga was introduced to Marcelle Souty by his friend the painter Jean-Gabriel Domergue, for whom she also modelled. Attracted to her distinctive, sophisticated elegance she became one of Zuloaga’s favourite models from 1914 until the early 1920s. In his catalogue raisonné Ferrari records at least five large scale finished portraits of her, the present work plus one of her standing dressed as a torero, one reclining clothed, one sitting holding a carnation, one dressed in black, and one reclining nude (bottom). More on this painting

Ignacio Zuloaga, in full Ignacio Zuloaga y Zabaleta (born July 26, 1870, Eibar, near Bilbao, Spain—died Oct. 31, 1945, Madrid) Spanish genre and portrait painter noted for his theatrical paintings of figures from Spanish culture and folklore.

The son of a successful metalworker, Zuloaga was a largely self-taught artist who learned to paint by copying Old Masters in the Prado Museum in Madrid. Beginning about 1890, he split his time between Paris and Spain. In Paris he became acquainted with the artists Paul Gauguin, Edgar Degas, and Auguste Rodin. Despite his contact with these prominent French artists, however, his main influences were the Spanish masters El Greco, Diego Velázquez, and Francisco de Goya.

Inspired by a visit to the Andalusia region of Spain in 1892, Zuloaga began to focus on subject matter from Spanish culture and folklore, such as bullfighters, peasants, and dancers. He used earthen colours almost exclusively and often placed his figures against dramatic landscapes. Zuloaga began to achieve international success with the painting Daniel Zuloaga and His Daughters, which was exhibited in 1899 and purchased by the French government for the Luxembourg Museum in Paris. About 1907 he became a popular society portraitist, an aspect of his career that brought him considerable wealth.

After spending much of his career working in Paris, Zuloaga settled permanently in Spain in 1924. His paintings were exhibited in a highly successful one-man show in New York City in 1925. He was awarded the grand prize for painting at the Venice Biennale in 1938. More on Ignacio Zuloaga

Madame Souty

Ignacio Zuloaga, 1870 – 1945, SPANISH

Madame Souty Reclining on a Sofa, c. 1921

Oil on canvas

Private collection

Painted in 1921, Zuloaga’s gloriously brazen depiction of Marcelle Souty reclining in the artist’s Paris studio is one of his most audacious portraits, and arguably his greatest painting of the nude. The work is a remarkable culmination of a series of large scale oils of the sitter that Zuloaga painted over a seven year period. More on this painting

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Author: zaidangallery

I search Art History for Beautiful works that may, or may not, have a secondary or unexpected story to tell. I then write short summaries that grow from my research. Art work is so much more when its secrets are exposed

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