Martha Walter, American, 1875-1976
Immigration, Ellis Island
Oil on canvas
36 1/8 x 40 inches
Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the U.S. as the United States’ busiest immigrant inspection station for over 60 years, from 1892 until 1954. Ellis Island was opened January 1, 1892. The island was greatly expanded with land reclamation between 1892 and 1934. Before that, the much smaller original island was the site of Fort Gibson and later a naval magazine. The island was made part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument in 1965 and has hosted a museum of immigration since 1990. More on Ellis Island
Martha Walter (March 19, 1875 – January 1976) was an American impressionist painter. A Philadelphia native, Walter studied art at the Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial Art from 1895–98 and at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia. She was taught by William Merritt Chase. She won the school’s Toppan Prize and Cresson Traveling Scholarship. In 1909 also she won the school’s Mary Smith Prize for the best painting by a resident female artist. On her scholarship she traveled to Spain Italy, the Netherlands and France. In France she received tuition from Rene Menard and Lucien Simon at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière.
She went on to teach art at Chase’s New York School of Art. More on Martha Walter
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