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11 Classic Works of Art, Marine Paintings – With Footnotes, #28

Pierre Bonnard , French, 1867 – 1947

The Port Of Cannes, Le Port de Cannes, c. 1926 – 1927

Oil, canvas

Private Collection

Cannes is a city located on the French Riviera. It is a commune of France located in the Alpes-Maritimes department, and host city of the annual Cannes Film Festival, Midem, and Cannes Lions International Festival of Creativity. .

Pierre Bonnard , French, 1867 – 1947

The Port Of Cannes, Le Port de Cannes, c. 1920

Oil, canvas

Private Collection

In the 10th century, the town was known as Canua. The name may derive from “canna,” a reed. Canua was probably the site of a small Ligurian port, and later a Roman outpost on Le Suquet hill, suggested by Roman tombs discovered here. Le Suquet housed an 11th-century tower which overlooked swamps where the city now stands. Most of the ancient activity, especially protection, was on the Lérins Islands and the history of Cannes is closely tied to the history of the islands.

An attack by the Saracens in 891, who remained until the end of the 10th century, devastated the country around Canua. The insecurity of the Lérins islands forced the monks to settle on the mainland, at the Suquet. Construction of a castle in 1035 fortified the city by then known as Cannes, and at the end of the 11th century construction was started on two towers on the Lérins islands. One took a century to build.

Around 1530, Cannes detached from the monks who had controlled the city for hundreds of years and became independent.

During the 18th century, both the Spanish and British tried to gain control of the Lérins Islands but were chased away by the French. The islands were later controlled by many, such as Jean-Honoré Alziary, and the Bishop of Fréjus. They had many different purposes: at the end of the 19th century, one served as hospital for soldiers wounded in the Crimean War. More on Cannes

Pierre Bonnard, French, 1867 – 1947

The Port of Cannes, 1927

Oil on canvas

41 x 65 cm

National Gallery of Canada

Pierre Bonnard (3 October 1867 — 23 January 1947) was a French painter and printmaker, as well as a founding member of the Post-Impressionist group of avant-garde painters Les Nabis. Bonnard preferred to work from memory, using drawings as a reference, and his paintings are often characterized by a dreamlike quality. The intimate domestic scenes, for which he is perhaps best known, often include his wife Marthe de Meligny.

Bonnard has been described as “the most thoroughly idiosyncratic of all the great twentieth- century painters”, and the unusual vantage points of his compositions rely less on traditional modes of pictorial structure than voluptuous color, poetic allusions and visual wit. Identified as a late practitioner of Impressionism in the early 20th century, Bonnard has since been recognized for his unique use of color and his complex imagery. More

 

Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida – 1899

The Net, c. 1899

Oil on canvas

Height: 50 cm (19.69 in.), Width: 69 cm (27.17 in.)

Private collection

Joaquín Sorolla y Bastida (27 February 1863 10 August 1923) was a Spanish painter. Sorolla excelled in the painting of portraits, landscapes, and monumental works of social and historical themes. His most typical works are characterized by a dexterous representation of the people and landscape under the sunlight of his native land. More

Charles Dixon, 1872 -1934

The Battle of Trafalgar, c. 1903

Watercolour and bodycolour

88.9 x 180.3cm (35 x 71in)

Private collection

The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a naval engagement fought by the British Royal Navy against the combined fleets of the French and Spanish Navies, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).

Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under the French Admiral Villeneuve in the Atlantic off the southwest coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar, in Caños de Meca. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost. It was the most decisive naval battle of the war, conclusively ending French plans to invade England.

The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the eighteenth century and was achieved in part through Nelson’s departure from the prevailing naval tactical orthodoxy. 

Nelson was shot by a French musketeer during the battle and died shortly after, becoming one of Britain’s greatest war heroes. Villeneuve was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Admiral Federico Gravina, the senior Spanish flag officer, escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle. Villeneuve attended Nelson’s funeral while a captive on parole in Britain. The Battle of Trafalgar

Charles Edward Dixon (8 December 1872 – 12 September 1934) was a British maritime painter of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, whose work was highly successful and regularly exhibited at the Royal Academy. Several of his paintings are held by the National Maritime Museum and he was a regular contributing artist to magazines and periodicals. He lived at Itchenor in Sussex and died in 1934. More

William Lee Hankey, (1869–1952) RWS,RI,ROI,RE,NS

CANNES, PORT ET SUQUET

Oil on canvas

61.5 x 74cm

Private collection

Le Suquet, sometimes called Mont-Chevalier, is the oldest district of Cannes , its “old town”, situated on a hill west of the bay , Old Port. Lord Brougham played his part to speed up the creation of a port at the foot of the Suquet . For a hundred years, the fishermen demanded a dike to protect themselves from the labech, the south-west wind which can trigger fierce storms. Bewitched by the site, the benefactor intervened with King Louis-Philippe. The grateful city erected a statue in 1898 to this providential man.

But it was another Englishman, the Prince of Wales, Albert Edward, the eldest son of Queen Victoria and future Edward VII, who laid the first stone of the pier which bears his name in 1898. Before being crowned, the Prince of Wales had made Cannes his headquarters, More Suquet

William Lee Hankey (1869–1952) RWS,RI,ROI,RE,NS was a British painter and book illustrator. He specialised in landscapes, character studies and portraits of pastoral life, particularly in studies of mothers with young children.

He was born in Chester and worked as a designer after leaving school. He studied art in the evenings at the Chester School of Art, then at the Royal College of Art. Later in Paris he became influenced by the work of Jules Bastien-Lepage, who also favoured rustic scenes depicted in a realistic but sentimental style. He first exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1896 and was President of the London Sketch Club from 1902 to 1904. He stayed in France in the early 1900s, painting many of his works in Brittany and Normandy. From 1904 until well after World War I he maintained a studio at the Etaples art colony.

It was Hankey’s black and white and coloured etchings of the people of Étaples, which gained him a reputation as ‘one of the most gifted of the figurative printmakers working in original drypoint during the first thirty years of the 20th century’. One that is particularly striking for its stylistic presentation was “The Refugees”, his contribution to raising awareness of the consequences for ordinary people of the German invasion of France and Belgium in 1914. He went on to serve with the Artists’ Rifles from 1915 to 1918.

In Britain he had been associated with the Newlyn School, a group of English artists based in the titular village in Cornwall who were themselves influenced by the romantic poets such as Wordsworth and Keats. More

 

Edward William Cooke, 1811 – 1880

French Sloop entering the harbour of Tréport, c. 1869

Oil on canvas

81.3 x 134.6cm (32 x 53in)

Private collection

Le Treport is a coastal port town on the English Channel in northern Seine-Maritime, normandy, and just a few kilometres from Eu and Mers-les-Bains, which falls on the Picardy side of the River Bresle.

A long standing port town, Le Tréport was established as a seaside resort in the 19th century, it was with the arrival of ‘paid holidays for all workers’ in France in 1936 that the town really started to grow in popularity – it is one of the most accessible seaside resorts from Paris. More Le Treport

 

Edward William Cooke, R.A., F.R.S., F.Z.S., F.S.A., F.G.S. (27 March 1811 – 4 January 1880) was an English landscape and marine painter, and gardener. Cooke was born in Pentonville, London. He was raised in the company of artists. He was a precocious draughtsman and a skilled engraver from an early age, displayed an equal preference for marine subjects and published his “Shipping and Craft” a series of accomplished engravings when he was 18, in 1829. Cooke began painting in oils in 1833, and first exhibited at the Royal Academy and British Institution in 1835, by which time his style was essentially formed.

He went on to travel and paint with great industry at home and abroad, indulging his love of the 17th-century Dutch marine artists with a visit to the Netherlands in 1837. He returned regularly over the next 23 years, studying the effects of the coastal landscape and light, as well as the works of the country’s Old Masters, resulting in highly successful paintings. He went on to travel in Scandinavia, Spain, North Africa and, above all, to Venice. In 1858, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Honorary Academician. . More Edward William Cooke

George William Joy, 1844 – 1925

Ships moored in calm waters

Watercolour

17.8 x 26cm (7 x 10 1/4in)

Private collection

George William Joy (July 7, 1844 in Dublin, Ireland – October 28, 1925 in Purbrook, Hampshire) was an Irish painter in London.  He was initially destined for the military and was also an accomplished violin player. After a foot injury at a young age, his father declared him unfit for military service. Joy was then educated at Harrow School and eventually pursued a career as an artist. He studied in London’s South Kensington School of Art and later at the Royal Academy.

In 1868 Joy went to Paris where for two years he was a student of Charles-François Jalabert and Léon Bonnat. There he met masters like Gérôme, Cabanel, Jules Breton, Jules Lefebvre und Philippe Rousseau.

Going back to London, Joy established himself as a history and genre painter, and became a frequent exhibitor at the Royal Academy, the Salon des artistes français and the Royal Hibernian Academy. He became a member of the Royal Institute of Oil Painters in 1895.

To satisfy his early military ambitions, Joy entered the Artists Rifles where he was known as a good shot, representing Ireland several times. He spent many winters in Swanage from 1896 and eventually retired to Purbrook. Both of his sons were killed in 1915 during World War I. More George William Joy

 

Jan Marti, (1958-) 

Automne sur Honfleur 

Oil on canvas 

50 x 61 cm 

Private collection

Honfleur is a commune in northwestern France. It is located on the southern bank of the estuary of the Seine across from le Havre and very close to the exit of the Pont de Normandie. Its inhabitants are called Honfleurais.

It is especially known for its old, beautiful picturesque port, characterized by its houses with slate-covered frontages, painted many times by artists, including in particular Gustave Courbet, Eugène Boudin, Claude Monet and Johan Jongkind, forming the école de Honfleur (Honfleur school) which contributed to the appearance of the Impressionist movement. More Honfleur

Jan Marti was born in 1958 in Savoy, after a few attempts at studying and various jobs that he quickly gives up, he then devotes himself to painting. He channels his connection to the abstract in hectic and elegant strokes. 

The exuberant blaze of colours and elements flatters both sensibility and eyes. His work depicts a naturally suggested beauty. Jan Marti’s works are part of numerous exhibitions and private collections in France and abroad. More Jan Marti

Chiharu Shiota

The key in the hand at Japanese Pavillon, 2015 

Chiharu Shiota is a Japanese installation artist born in 1972 in Osaka. She has been living and working in Berlin since 1996.

Shiota studied at the Seika University in Kyoto and at various schools in Germany. Shiota’s oeuvre links various aspects of art performances and installation practices. Mostly renown for her vast, room-spanning webs of threads or hoses, she links abstract networks with concrete everyday objects such as keys, windows, dresses, shoes, boats and suitcases. Besides installation works, she frequently collaborates with choreographers and composers. More Chiharu Shiota

JOHN SLOAN, (1871–1951)  

The Wake of the Ferry II, 1907

Oil on canvas

26 x 32 in.

Phillips Collection

John French Sloan began painting The Wake of the Ferry II in 1907, his second version of this scene. The subject may well have been suggested by Sloan’s ferry trips with his wife from Jersey City to Philadelphia for medical treatments.

The stylistic influence of Robert Henri, so pervasive in Sloan’s early work, is apparent here; the scene has been broadly conceived, spontaneously conveyed, and boldly brushed, in a limited palette of grays and near-blacks. The composition reinforces the mood; the ferry’s tilted angle, framing a view of the rough waters, is arresting, and the diagonal of the wake receding into the mist reinforces the sense of loneliness and distance. In this setting, the small figure on the right, understated and half lost in shadow, becomes the essential actor in this version of Sloan’s human comedy and brings into focus its melancholy expression.

In 1971 The Wake of the Ferry II was selected by the United States Postal Service for a stamp commemorating the centennial year of Sloan’s birth. More The Wake of the Ferry

John French Sloan (August 2, 1871 – September 7, 1951) was a twentieth-century painter and etcher and one of the founders of the Ashcan school of American art. He was also a member of the group known as The Eight. He is best known for his urban genre scenes and ability to capture the essence of neighborhood life in New York City, often observed through his Chelsea studio window. Sloan has been called “the premier artist of the Ashcan School who painted the inexhaustible energy and life of New York City during the first decades of the twentieth century” and an “early twentieth-century realist painter who embraced the principles of Socialism and placed his artistic talents at the service of those beliefs.” More  John Sloan

 

 

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12 Paintings of the Canals of Venice in the 18 & 19th Century, by the artists of the time, with foot notes. #5

Richard Price, (British, born 1962)

April Day in Venice

Oil on canvas

51 x 61cm (20 1/16 x 24in).

Private Collection

The Patriarchal Cathedral Basilica of Saint Mark, commonly known as Saint Mark’s Basilica, is the cathedral church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice, northern Italy. It is the most famous of the city’s churches and one of the best known examples of Italo-Byzantine architecture. It lies at the eastern end of the Piazza San Marco, adjacent and connected to the Doge’s Palace. Originally it was the chapel of the Doge, and has only been the city’s cathedral since 1807.

For its opulent design, gold ground mosaics, and its status as a symbol of Venetian wealth and power, from the 11th century on the building has been known by the nickname Chiesa d’Oro (Church of gold). More Saint Mark’s Basilica

Richard Price was born in 1962 in Upminster, Essex. At 11 years of age he started painting and drawing from observing the fishing fleet at Leigh-on-Sea, Essex. Encouraged to simply paint ‘anything’ he quickly was drawn to paint atmospheric conditions and light effects.

He later studied at Portsmouth. Price then moved to London and worked as a production design lecturer at the London International Film School. In 2001 he started to make his own images again. Encouraged by his new mentor Jon Bowen he soon resumed his painting.

Price’s work is concerned with light and atmosphere and falls within the traditions of artists such as Turner and Walter Sickert. While some of his work is done in the studio, Price is predominantly an ‘en plein air’ painter and most of his work is therefore painted immediately in front of his subject. The challenge of this type of work is in being able to rapidly analyze colour and tone at the same time as capturing the constantly moving drama of the environment. More Richard Price

Serge Mendjisky, B. 1929

VENISE, LE GRAND CANAL, c. 1989

Oil on canvas

73 by 100.2cm., 28 3/4 by 39 1/2 in.

Private Collection

The Grand Canal is a canal in Venice, Italy. It forms one of the major water-traffic corridors in the city. Public transport is provided by water buses and private water taxis Many tourists explore the canal by gondola.

One end of the canal leads into the lagoon near the Santa Lucia railway station and the other end leads into Saint Mark Basin; in between, it makes a large reverse-S shape through the central districts (sestieri) of Venice. More Grand Canal

Serge Mendjisky was born in 1929 in Paris. After completing his studies at the Beaux Arts in Paris, he soon became a recognized artist and exhibited in Europe, Japan and the United States. He uses photography to make his preliminary studies in painting.

In 2000, he decided to use photography as the only means of expression. He borrows the collage technique to alter photographic images and articulate its multidimensional worldview. The multiple perspectives, expressed in his collages evoke clearly the analytical phase of Cubism. After many years of technical exploration, he found a way to question not only the appearance of the world, but also our perceptual behavior.

By decomposing and recomposing the backgrounds of some of the most famous cities of the world like New York and Paris, Serge Mendjisky creates new urban landscapes which question our perceptive faculties. More Serge Mendjisky

Edward William Cooke

The Canale della Giudecca with Redentore beyond, c. 1863

Oil on paper laid on canvas

11 x 17 11/16 in

Private Collection

The Giudecca Canal is a body of water that flows into the San Marco basin in Venice, Italy. It is one of the major canals in the city, it bisects the sestieri of Dorsoduro, separating Giudecca island and district from Dorsoduro district. More Giudecca Canal

Edward William Cooke, R.A., F.R.S., F.Z.S., F.S.A., F.G.S. (27 March 1811 – 4 January 1880) was an English landscape and marine painter, and gardener. Cooke was born in Pentonville, London. He was raised in the company of artists. He was a precocious draughtsman and a skilled engraver from an early age, displayed an equal preference for marine subjects and published his “Shipping and Craft” a series of accomplished engravings when he was 18, in 1829. Cooke began painting in oils in 1833, and first exhibited at the Royal Academy and British Institution in 1835, by which time his style was essentially formed.

He went on to travel and paint with great industry at home and abroad, indulging his love of the 17th-century Dutch marine artists with a visit to the Netherlands in 1837. He returned regularly over the next 23 years, studying the effects of the coastal landscape and light, as well as the works of the country’s Old Masters, resulting in highly successful paintings. He went on to travel in Scandinavia, Spain, North Africa and, above all, to Venice. In 1858, he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Honorary Academician. . More Edward William Cooke

ANDREW FISHER BUNNER (American, 1841-1897)

Venetian canal scene

Oil on canvas

22 x 32 in.

Private Collection

ANDREW FISHER BUNNER (1841 – 1897). Born in New York in 1841.  From 1865 through 1868 he lived in New York and exhibited a number of works at the national Academy of Design.  These works included A Summer Afternoon in Pike County, PA. (1865) and The Potomac River below Harper’s Ferry (1868).  He spent the year of 1869 in New Jersey and then moved to Louisville, KY. in 1870.  He exhibited Study from Nature in West Virginia at the National Academy that same year.

During the 1870’s he traveled to Europe to study and spent time in Paris and Venice.  He concentrated on landscapes, often views by the riverside with a great deal of interest and detail.  In 1879 he returned to New York and was living at 33 East 17th Street.  Among the works he exhibited at the National Academy that year were The Riva, Venice and A Fisherman’s Cottage in the Tyrol.  He remained in New York till 1883 when he returned to Venice.  He lived there till 1885 and sent works each year to the National Academy for exhibition.

Bunner returned to New York in 1887 and remained there till his death in 1897.  In 1900 his wife donated a group of works that Bunner produced during his trips to Venice to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. More

Charles Oppenheimer RSA RSW (British, 1875-1961)

Ponte Di Cannaregio, Venice 

Oil on panel

34.5 x 45 cm. (13 3/16 x 17 1/8

Private Collection

The Ponte delle Guglie is one of two bridges in Venice, Italy, to span the Cannaregio Canal. It lies near the western end of the canal, by the Venezia Santa Lucia railway station.

An earlier wooden bridge was built in 1285. It was replaced by the current stone and brick bridge in 1580. It was restored in 1641 and 1677, and was totally rebuilt in 1823 at which time spires were added. The spires lie at each end of the bridge. A carved balustrade runs on either side of the walkway, and gargoyles decorate its arch. It is the only bridge in Venice adorned with spires from whence it takes its name (“Bridge of Spires”). More The Ponte delle Guglie 

Charles Oppenheimer RSA RSW, 1875 – 1961Few Scottish artists are so closely associated with a town or location as Charles Oppenheimer is with Kirkcudbright. He was however not a native Scot having been born in Manchester and only settling in the town when in his mid thirties. Other artists of the Kirkcudbright School, Hornel, MacGeorge and Mouncey found their subject matter in the surrounding Galloway landscape and paid little attention to the beautiful old town where they lived. Oppenheimer as a keen fisherman also spent many hours on the local rivers and lochs, but he produced his best and most memorable work painting in Kirkcudbright itself.More Charles Oppenheimer 

He was a prize-winning student at Manchester School of Art, and his first picture was exhibited at the Manchester Academy of Fine Arts in 1894. His studies also took him to Italy.

Ken Howard R.A. (British, born 1932)

From San Tomà, Venice 

Oil on canvas

12 x 16 inches

Private Collection

San Tomà is a church which is located in the sestiere of San Polo in Venice, Italy. It stands opposite the Scoletta dei Calegheri. More

Kenneth Howard OBE RA (born 26 December 1932) is an English artist and painter. He was President of the New English Art Club from 1998 to 2003.

Ken Howard was born in London. He studied at the Hornsey College of Art (1949–53) and the Royal College of Art (1955–58). In 1958 he won a British Council Scholarship to Florence. He spent his National Service in the Royal Marines (1953–55). In 1973 and 1978 he was the Official War Artist to Northern Ireland, and 1973–80 worked in various locations, including Hong Kong, Cyprus and Canada with the British Army. In 1983 he was elected an Associate of the Royal Academy (ARA). In 1998 he became President of the New English Art Club, a post he held until 2003. In 1991 he was elected a Royal Academician (RA).

He paints in a “traditional” manner, based on strong observation and a high degree of draughtsmanship combined with tonal precision. The depiction of light is a strong and recurrent element of his work. A notable theme is the nude model in his studio. Another theme is a city scene, such as Venice, with emphasis placed on the reflection of light from puddles after rain. He has said:

Howard was appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2010 Birthday Honours More

KEN HOWARD RA RWS ROI NEAC (B.1932)

The Ospidale S. Giovanni & Paolo, Venice (2010)

Oil on canvas

45½ x 30½cm (18 x 12in)

Private Collection

The Basilica di San Giovanni e Paolo, known in Venetian as San Zanipolo, is a church in the Castello sestiere of Venice, Italy.

One of the largest churches in the city, it has the status of a minor basilica. After the 15th century the funeral services of all of Venice’s doges were held here, and twenty-five doges are buried in the church.

The huge brick edifice was designed in the Italian Gothic style, and completed in the 1430s. It is the principal Dominican church of Venice, and as such was built to hold large congregations. It is dedicated to John and Paul, not the Biblical Apostles of the same names, but two obscure martyrs of the Early Christian church in Rome, whose names were recorded in the 3rd century but whose legend is of a later date.

In 1246, Doge Jacopo Tiepolo donated some swampland to the Dominicans after dreaming of a flock of white doves flying over it. The first church was demolished in 1333, when the current church was begun. It was not completed until 1430. More

KEN HOWARD RA RWS ROI NEAC (B.1932), see above

Martín Rico y Ortega, 1833-1908

CANAL, VENICE

Oil on panel

8 5/8  by 6 1/4  in.; 22.1 by 15.9 cm

Private Collection

Martín Rico y Ortega (12 November 1833, El Escorial – 13 April 1908, Venice, Italy) was a Spanish painter of landscapes and cityscapes. Rico was one of the most important artists of the second half of the nineteenth century in his native country, and enjoyed wide international recognition.

Rico was born in Madrid and received his earliest formal training at the city’s Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, where he studied under Jenaro Pérez Villaamil, the Academy’s first professor of landscape painting. Under the tutelage of Pérez Villaamil, Rico’s earliest works show him influenced by Romanticism, the style for which his teacher was known. In 1860, having been awarded a government-sponsored scholarship, Rico moved to Paris to continue his studies.

His landscapes from this decade depict the French and Swiss countryside in a fully accomplished Realist style. Toward the end of 1870, due to political and social unrest caused by the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, Rico decided to leave France and return to his native Spain.

At the invitation of his good friend and colleague Marià Fortuny, Rico moved to the southern city of Granada, joining Fortuny and his wife Cecilia, as well as the painter Ricardo de Madrazo. The three artists worked closely during this period, with the styles of Rico and Fortuny overlapping so much that their watercolors—a specialty for both artists—were often confused for one another. It was during this time that, through Fortuny’s influence, Rico’s paintings began to reveal a newfound sense of luminosity and color. His time in Andalucía was, according to his memoirs, one of his happiest, and also one of his most artistically productive periods. More Ortega

Franz Richard Unterberger (Austrian, 1838-1902)

Canale San Barnaba, Venise 

Oil on canvas

92 x 71cm (36 1/4 x 27 15/16in)

Private Collection

The church of San Barnaba is a small Neoclassic-style church in district of Dorsoduro in Venice, It is located in Campo San Barnaba. It is dedicated to the Apostle Saint Barnabas.


A church at the site was built in the ninth century, but destroyed by fire in 1105. Rebuilt in 1350, it was reconstructed in present form in 1776. The 11th-century campanile, detached from the main body of the church, has a pine-cone shaped spire from the 1300s.

The church was used as a library in the 1989 film Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, acting as the entrance to the tomb of a Grail Knight. More San Barnaba Church

The canal is in a quiet area of Venice. On the banks of the canal are many architecturally beautiful and colorful houses. San Barnaba is a quiet place to monitor the gondolas that pass through the canal.


Barnabas, born Joseph and Akylah, was an early Christian, one of the prominent Christian disciples in Jerusalem. Barnabas was a Cypriot Jew. Named an apostle in Acts 14:14, he and Paul the Apostle undertook missionary journeys together and defended Gentile converts against the Judaizers. They traveled together making more converts, and participated in the Council of Jerusalem

Although the date, place, and circumstances of his death are historically unverifiable, Christian tradition holds that Barnabas was martyred at Salamis, Cyprus, in AD 61. He is traditionally identified as the founder of the Cypriot Orthodox Church. More Barnabas


Franz Richard Unterberger was born on August 15, 1838 in Innsbruck, Australia; Died May 25, 1902; Neuilly-sur-Seine, France. He was one of 11 children of an art dealer. Unterberger started his studies in 1853 at the Munich Academy, alongside Julius Lange and Albert Zimmerman. In 1860, Franz continued his studies at Düsseldorf, which was the favored academy for Scandinavian painters studying abroad. Here he produced several atmospheric mountainous scenes. By the 1870’s Unterberger was already exhibiting in major cities across Europe including: Paris, Boston, Munich, Brussels, Berlin and Vienna among others.


In the mid 1880’s, Franz exhibited in Venezuela and in London at the International Universal Exhibition. In the 1890’s, most of his paintings revolved around Venetian and South Italian scenes. More Franz Richard Unterberger

Benjamin Brown, 1865 – 1942

Venice

 Watercolor on paper under glass

13.25 x 10.5 in

Private Collection

Benjamin Chambers Brown (July 14, 1865 – January 19, 1942) was a California Impressionist landscape artist. He was one of their five children. He grew up in Little Rock, Arkansas. Brown was trained as a photographer. He studied at the University of Tennessee, and later at the St. Louis School of Fine Arts under Paul Harney and John Fry in 1884. He studied in Paris at the Académie Julian under Jean-Paul Laurens and Jean-Joseph Benjamin-Constant in 1890.

During his early career, Brown traveled and worked in St. Louis, Little Rock and Texas. In St. Louis, Brown taught at the St. Louis Art School. He went on to open his own school in Little Rock. He initially specialized in portraiture and still life. Upon moving to Pasadena in 1896, he began to paint landscapes. By 1905 he had become famous for his paintings. From 1909 to 1910, Brown had a studio in Mill Valley, California.

His first etchings were done in 1914. He co-founded the Print Makers of Los Angeles with his brother Howell in 1914, which later became the Los Angeles Society of Printmakers. His notable works include his impressionist landscapes of Sierra peaks and field poppies. 

Brown tried to sell his artwork in New York City; however, it did not sell as well as it had in California. Instead of opening a studio in the city, he began to sign California under his own signature to show how proud he was to be a Californian, in spite of potential stigmas. More Benjamin Chambers Brown

‘HENRY P. SMITH’, 1854 – 1907

Villa on a Venetian Canal

Oil on panel

24 by 20 inches (61 by 50.8 cm)

Private Collection

Henry Pember Smith (February 20, 1854 – October 16, 1907) was an American painter, best known for his depictions of country cottages and river scenes around Lyme and East Lyme, Connecticut, and paintings of the sea and shore in New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Cape Ann to Maine.

Smith was born in Waterford, Connecticut. During the 1880s, he studied the Old Masters in Paris, Brittany, Normandy, Venice and along the English Cornish coast. He was a member of the Artists’ Fund Society and the American Water Color Society, and exhibited at the National Academy of Design from 1877-1896, 1899, 1901, 1906; the Brooklyn Art Club (1878-1885, 1892); Boston Art Club (1880-1890); Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Art (1881, 1888); and the Art Institute of Chicago. Smith died of heart disease in Asbury, New Jersey. More

Ken Howard R.A. (British, born 1932)

Venice scene 

Oil on canvas

15 x 60.5cm (5 7/8 x 23 13/16in).

Private Collection

Ken Howard R.A. (British, born 1932) studied at Hornsey School of Art from 1949 to 1953. He then did his National Service with the Royal Marines before returning to study at the Royal College of Art from 1955 to 1958. He went on to win a British Council Scholarship to Florence from 1958 to 1959.

Howard’s first solo show was held at the Plymouth Art Centre in 1955. Subsequent exhibitions were held in 1966 and 1968 at the John Whibley Gallery. From then on he exhibited extensively, both nationally and internationally, particularly with the New Grafton Gallery from the early 1970s. He was given a retrospective in 1972 at the Plymouth City Art Gallery and in 1973 and 1979 was appointed by the Imperial War Museum as official artist in Northern Ireland. He also worked with the British Army in Germany, Cyprus, Oman, Hong Kong, Nepal, Norway, Canada, Belize and Brunei from 1973 to 1982.

Howard was elected a member of the New English Art Club in 1962, the Royal Institute of Oil Painters in 1966, the Royal Society of Painters in Watercolours in 1979, the Royal West of England Academy 1981, Honorary Member of the Royal Society of British Artists in 1988, Royal Academician in 1991 and President of the New English Art Club in 1998. Among his numerous awards are First Prize in the Lord Mayor’s Art Award in 1966, a Prize Winner in the John Moores Exhibition, Liverpool in 1978, first prize in the Hunting Group Awards and the Critics Prize at Sparkasse Karlsruhe in 1985. Ken Howard lives and works in London. More

Acknowledgement: Bonhams, and others

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12 Paintings, scenes from the Bible, by The Old Masters, with footnotes # 30

This is the post excerpt.

Egon Schiele’s painting Cardinal and Nun of 1912 is a paraphrase of Gustav Klimt’s Kiss, which had been created five years prior.Everything about Klimt’s painting that was positive, however, is transformed here into its darker manifestation:the gold background is turned black, the gentle embrace has given way the violent clutching of the two delicate, praying hands, and the sensual expression on the face of Klimt’s woman has become a nun’s distraught glance.Schiele called the painting of this strange embrace Liebkosung, or “The Caress”. More

Egon Schiele, (June 12, 1890 – October 31, 1918)
Cardinal And Nun (Caress), c. 1912
Oil, canvas
Height: 700 mm (27.56 in). Width: 805 mm (31.69 in).
Leopold Museum, Vienna, Austria

Egon Schiele (German: 12 June 1890 – 31 October 1918) was an Austrian painter. A protégé of Gustav Klimt, Schiele was a major figurative painter of the early 20th century. His work is noted for its intensity and its raw sexuality, and the many self-portraits the artist produced, including naked self-portraits. The twisted body shapes and the expressive line that characterize Schiele’s paintings and drawings mark the artist as an early exponent of Expressionism. More

12 Paintings, scenes from the Bible, by The Old Masters, with footnotes # 30

 

Adri Verveen, Portview, Rotterdam 01 Marine Painting – With Footnotes, #156

Adri Verveen, (1911-1988)
Portview, Rotterdam

Private Collection

Rotterdam is a city in the Netherlands, located in South Holland, within the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt river delta at the North Sea. Its history goes back to 1270 when a dam was constructed in the Rotte river by people settled around it for safety. In 1340 Rotterdam was granted city rights by the Count of Holland and slowly grew into a major logistic and economic centre. Nowadays it is home to Europe’s largest port and has a population of 633.471, ranking second in the Netherlands. More on Rotterdam

Adrianus (Adri) Verveen, 1911-1988 Schiedam, Dutch artist born in Schiedam on December 24, 1911. He was a student at the Academy of Fine Arts in Rotterdam, where he was taught by W v Dordt and Gerard Wiegman. Known for its Impressionist Rotterdam harbor views.. More on Adri Verveen

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C. Madou; Battle on Horseback 01 Painting by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 51

Continental School, C. Madou
Battle on Horseback

Oil on canvas
24 x 36 in.
Private collection

The Continental School, 19th Century comprised a group of artists active in this region in the period. Works identified as being by this group appear regularly at auction.


Orientalism is a term that is used for the depiction of aspects in Middle Eastern cultures. It refers to the works of the Western artists on Oriental subjects, produced from their travels in Western Asia, during the 19th century. Depictions of Islamic “Moors” and “Turks” can be found in Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque art. A creative apprehension of a completely different world with its own laws, customs, special attitude towards life and death, love, feelings, and beauty. Wikipedia/Yana Naumovna Lukashevskaya

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LUDOLF BACKHUYSEN, “A Dutch man-of-war 01 Marine Painting – With Footnotes, #153

Circle of LUDOLF BACKHUYSEN, (Emden 1630 – 1708 Amsterdam)
“A Dutch man-of-war in Rough Seas with a fishing boat in the foreground,
further shipping beyond”

Oil on canvas
32.8 x 29.2 cm
Private collection

Ludolf Backhuysen, one of the leading marine painters of the Dutch

Golden Age. He was fascinated with light and how it illuminates the rolling waves of rough seas. More on this work

Ludolf Bakhuizen (28 December 1630 – 17 November 1708) was a German-born Dutch painter, draughtsman, calligrapher and printmaker. He was the leading Dutch painter of maritime subjects after Willem van de Velde the Elder and Younger left for England in 1672. He also painted portraits of his family and circle of friends.

Bakhuizen was born in Emden, East Frisia, and came to Amsterdam in about 1650, working as a merchant’s clerk and a calligrapher. He discovered he had a genius for painting, and  relinquished the business and devoted himself to art from the late 1650s, initially in pen drawings. He studied first under Allart van Everdingen and then under Hendrik Dubbels, two eminent masters of the time, and soon became celebrated for his sea-pieces, which often had rough seas.

He was an ardent student of nature, and frequently exposed himself on the sea in an open boat in order to study the effects of storms. His compositions, which are numerous, are nearly all variations of one subject, the sea, and in a style peculiarly his own, marked by intense realism or faithful imitation of nature. More on Ludolf Bakhuizen

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CARMEN PARRA, Arcángel San Gabriel 01 Works, CONTEMPORARY & 20th Century Interpretation of the Bible! With Footnotes – 31

ANNIE LEIBOWITZ, (B. 1949)
The Sopranos, (The last supper?), c. 1999

Fujicolor Crystal Archive print
10 1/2 x 23 in. (27 x 58.4 cm.)
Private collection

The Last Supper is the final meal that, in the Gospel accounts, Jesus shared with his Apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion. The Last Supper provides the scriptural basis for the Eucharist, also known as “Holy Communion” or “The Lord’s Supper”.

The four canonical Gospels all state that the Last Supper took place towards the end of the week, after Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem and that Jesus and his Apostles shared a meal shortly before Jesus was crucified at the end of that week. During the meal Jesus predicts his betrayal by one of the Apostles present, and foretells that before the next morning, Peter will deny knowing him.

The three Synoptic Gospels and the First Epistle to the Corinthians include the account of the institution of the Eucharist in which Jesus takes bread, breaks it and gives it to the Apostles, saying: “This is my body which is given for you”. The Gospel of John does not include this episode, but tells of Jesus washing the feet of the Apostles, giving the new commandment “to love one another as I have loved you”, and has a detailed farewell discourse by Jesus, calling the Apostles who follow his teachings “friends and not servants”, as he prepares them for his departure.

Scholars have looked to the Last Supper as the source of early Christian Eucharist traditions. Others see the account of the Last Supper as derived from 1st-century eucharistic practice as described by Paul in the mid-50s. More on The Last Supper

Anna-Lou “Annie” Leibovitz (born October 2, 1949) is an American portrait photographer. She is best known for her engaging portraits—particularly of celebrities—which often feature subjects in intimate settings and poses. She photographed John Lennon on the day he was murdered, and her work has been used on numerous album covers and magazines. She became the first woman to hold an exhibition at Washington’s National Portrait Gallery in 1991. More on Anna Leibovitz

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CARMEN PARRA, Arcángel San Gabriel 01 Work, CONTEMPORARY & 20th Century Interpretation of the Bible! With Footnotes – 27

CARMEN PARRA, (Mexico City, 1944 -)
Arcángel San Gabriel, c. 2001

Acrylic, sanguine and gold leaf on paper
86 x 120 cm
Private collection

In the Abrahamic religions, Gabriel is an angel who typically serves as a messenger sent from God to certain people.

In the Old Testament, he appears to the prophet Daniel, delivering explanations of Daniel’s visions. In the Gospel of Luke, Gabriel appeared to Zechariah and the Virgin Mary, foretelling the births of John the Baptist and Jesus. In the Book of Daniel, he is referred to as “the man Gabriel”, while in the Gospel of Luke, Gabriel is referred to as “an angel of the Lord”. Gabriel is not called an archangel in the Bible, but is so called in Intertestamental period sources like the Book of Enoch. In the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches, the archangels Michael, Raphael, and Gabriel are also referred to as saints. In Islam, Gabriel is considered an archangel whom God is believed to have sent with revelation to various prophets, including Muhammad. The 96th chapter of the Quran, The Clot, is believed by Muslims to have been the first chapter revealed by Gabriel to Muhammad. More on St. Gabriel

Carmen Parra (born 1944 in Mexico City) is a Mexican painter. Her work is inspired in the New Spain iconography art: angels, archangel, eagles, butterflies and flowers

She studied at the National High School no. 5 of UNAM and then she continued her social anthropology studies. She also studied graphic design for movies in Royal College of Art of London, painting in Rome and music in Rio de Janeiro.

When she returned to Mexico, she finished her arts studies. Her work and paintings have been exposed in several countries.

Her techniques are oil, gouache, amate paper, serigraphy, among others. More on Carmen Parra

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Pierre Gourdault, ARAB BATTLE SCENE 01 Painting by the Orientalist Artists in the Nineteenth-Century, with footnotes, 49

Pierre Gourdault, (1880 – 1915)
ARAB BATTLE SCENE, 1913

Oil on canvas
31 1/2 x 45 1/2 in
Private collection

Pierre Gourdault ( Paris , May 18, 1880 – Givenchy-le-Noble , January 5, 1915 ) was a French painter. He was the son of Peter and Leonie Marie Gourdault Fonsse; and was the husband of the artist Marie Anastasie Martin Prudence, better known under her stage name Marie-Gourdault Martin.

Gourdault was a student of Marcel-Andre Baschet and Schommer at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. His participation in the Spanish-French exhibition in Zaragoza in 1908 contributed to the strengthening of the economic ties between the two countries. He was a member of the French Artists from 25 years. 

On two occasions he was a pathologist for the Prix ​​de Rome . Burial in the Deux-Sèvres was noted in 1910. In 1912 he won the National Award Salon with Walk on the beach.

He traveled to Tunisia in 1905-06 and then moved there in 1912.  It is this period that he painted Caravan in Wadi Gafsa , Sidi-bou Olives Sahib or Arabian riders .

He died of the consequences of his injuries during the First World War , in the military hospital of Givenchy-le-Noble. He was hit by shrapnel on December 28, 1914. His comrades wanted to carry a stretcher, he refused. He died eight days later, on January 5, 1915.

A solo exhibition of his works was presented in 1913 at the Salon Tunisien.  On April 11-30, 1919, a posthumous exhibition of his works was held, in which the President of the Republic went to the portrait the artist made (self-portrait as a Zeaaf ) on the edge of the frame he stuck the cross of the Legion of Honor at the edge of the frame. The Croix de Guerre. More on Pierre Gourdault 

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Sistine Madonna 02 Works, CONTEMPORARY & Old Master Interpretations of the Bible! With Footnotes – 26

Isabelle Joubert, France
Sistine Madonna’s interview

Paper, Acrylic, Spray Paint and Watercolor on Canvas
Size: 31.5 H x 23.6 W x 2 in
Private collection

“This painting is inspired by covers of magazines. I wanted to mix old and new and used a detail of “Sistine Madonna”, painted by the famous painter Raphael in 1514 (Below). This caracter is named saint Barbara. She’s not the main caracter of the original painting but her face is beautiful and famous. She could have been on the cover of a magazine if she had lived in our century”. Isabelle Joubert

Saint Barbara is a former Christian saint and virgin martyr believed to have lived in Asia Minor in the 3rd century. Her story dates to the 7th century and is retold in the Golden Legend. It is as follows: Dioscurus, the father of Barbara, was a heartless nobleman who had a tower built so that he could lock his daughter away to deter suitors. At first the tower only had two windows; however, Barbara persuaded the workmen to add a third when her father wasn’t looking. She also secretly admitted a priest disguised as a doctor, who baptized her to become Christian. When her father returned, Barbara declared that the three windows symbolized the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost who ignited her soul. Dioscurus grew enraged and chased his daughter who had fled the tower. She hid in the crevice of a rock; however, a shepherd told her father of her hiding place. Once found, Barbara was dragged out by the hair and beaten by her father who next handed her over to the Roman authorities. She refused to renounce her Christian beliefs and was tortured. Miraculously, at the moment of her execution by her father’s sword, he was struck by lightning, his body devoured by fire. More on Saint Barbara 

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